Ang Republika Federal sg Kabisay-an (The Federal Republic of the Visayas)

Historical Facts obviously omitted or deliberately hidden in our School History Books
(Source: History Reborn"The Federal Republic of the Visayas" -by: dinggol a.divinagracia*June 12, 2007)

*That Spain had already formally surrendered to the Federal Republic of the Visayas even before Gen. Emilio Aguinaldo was proclaimed Philippine President in Malolos, Bulacan on January 23, 1899. That our Independent Visayan Republic, had never been under the authority and jurisdiction of Aguinaldo's "Katagalogan" Republic in Luzon.

excerpted: "...A paper written by Jose Manuel Velmonte, a research associate at the UP Third World Studies Center, found that the Visayan revolutionary elites not only had sophisticated political ideas but also resented attempts by Malolos to assert its authority. A Tagalog military expedition sent by Malolos to Panay to assert its presence was met with hostility. The Luzon force led by Generals Ananias Diocno and Leandro Fullon was regarded by the Visayan revolutionaries, led by the Visayan supremo, Gen. Martin Delgado, as an ''invasion'' force ..." (Source: Inquirer-1999- 06-13 "View of revolt in provinces spurs revision" By: Amando Doronila)

According to Dr. Luis C.Dery, an eminent Filipino Scholar: "Expounding the extent of Aguinaldo's Philippine Army; the Bangsamoro nation's Mindanao, Sulu, and the rest of its islands never fell under Aguinaldo's politico-military control and sovereignty. In fact as late as August 1898 much of northern Luzon, southern Luzon, the Visayas, and Mindanao remained outside of the control of Aguinaldo's Republic. Thus, several military expeditions were sent to these places to bring' them to recognize the First Philippine Republic."

*That the 1898 Treaty of Paris preliminaries, should not have included territories of the sovereign "Visayan Nation"; the confederation of both the Central and Western Visayas Cantonal Governments by virtue of Spain's formal surrender prior to this U.S. and Spain treaty of peace (Paris) and the $20-million buy-out. Spain had no more legal rights to sell. In legal parlance "nemodat quod non habet” -meaning “you cannot give what is not yours”.

This diplomatic "Faux pas" that was supposed to be officially consummated and became legal and internationally binding only on APRIL 11, 1899 should, or rather must be rectified.
*June 12, 1898 -Gen. Emilio Aguinaldo proclaimed Philippine Independence from Spain in Kawit, Cavite --but never won the war against Spain, as explained in the infamous betrayal --the "Mock Battle of Manila of August 13, 1898".

*Nov. 6 & Dec. 23, 1898 -Spain formally surrendered to both; the Negros Republic that merged (Dec. 2, 1898) with the Federal Republic of the Visayas based in Iloilo (respectively)

excerpted: "...These two nations, from a purely legal point of view, are COMPLETELY LEGITIMATE UNTIL TODAY. This could imply that the Manila-based Tagalista-oriented Unitarian central government of the Philippines in the Visayas and Mindanao is an Occupational Government, that ultimately originated from an invalid Treaty of Paris...."

Dr. Jose P. Dacudao; National President -Save Our Languages thru Federalism Foundation (SOLFED), Inc.

*July 4, 1946 -The United States of America granted Philippine Independence on a silver platter with strings attached.

"True Independence could never be just self-proclaimed nor bestowed upon, it has to be won and duly achieved with dignity" -- dinggol araneta divinagracia (Founder: Ilonggo Nation Movement (INM) Global Network ..Dec. 25, 2005)

*A lover of nature and reform activities by profession; a genealogist and environmentalist by avocation. A Cooperative Movement advocate, history buff and an amateur "newbie" writer)

"It is rather speculative as it is without basis of history if we mean of "history" is that which had been written for us by the "tutas" or lackeys of our colonial and imperial masters.." -- Benjie Evicner Estuche (INM Co-Founder)

The Cooperative Movement-"It is not the best way, it is the onlyway"..
Join the Last Laugh with us!

*When Christopher Columbus said that the world is round, people asked -What? and then they laughed.

*When the Wright brothers said they'll fly and soar the skies, people asked -How? and then they laughed.

*When Jules Verne wrote someday man could travel below the seven seas and shall walk on the moon, people asked - When? and then they laughed.

*When John the Baptist prophesied the coming of the Messiah, people asked -Who? and then they laughed.

*When the Ilonggo Nation Movement (INM) Global Network announced its mission and vision, people did not even bother to ask, What? How? When? or Who? --They just laughed and laughed. *People are still laughing, ...but the laughter is fading!

ang inyo alagad... sa guihapon ...dinggol a. divinagracia~~~

email address:

To join! As a start, visit FACEBOOK: Ilonggo Nation Movement website .. (Non-ilonggos who share our advocacy are welcome)

"ACTA DE CAPITULACION~1898" (The Formal Surrender Document)

"ACTA DE CAPITULACION~1898" (The Formal Surrender Document)
*Nov. 6 & Dec. 23, 1898 -Spain formally surrendered to both; the Negros Republic that merged (Dec. 2, 1898) with the Federal Republic of the Visayas based in Iloilo (respectively)
Ergo! we won our battle-scarred freedom and legitimate independence and became a sovereign nation. The "First" Republic in the whole of Asia, but was nipped-in-the bud by the ugly Americans. A diplomatic faux pas, a political blunder and a travesty of history! --dinggol.d~~~


Claim Your Birth Right!

*Estado Federal de Bisayas*

*Ilonggo Nation Movement (INM) Global Network, precursor of the Ilonggo Nation Global Federation*

“To appreciate where you are now, you should know where you came from.”

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Sunday, January 06, 2019

Remembering Bongkoy!

Remembering Bongkoy!

(By: DinggolAranetaDivinagracia - January 2, 2019)

“Today the 2nd day of January 2019, is the 70th birthday of my "twice-over" first cousin named Arturo Divinagracia Araneta, Jr. The family fondly called him "Bambino", and we used to tease him since our childhood days with his bansag or tease name "Bongkoy". On his 65th natal day anniversary in January 2, 2014, his cremated earthly remains was interred into his final resting place in our modest family memorial lot at the Molo Catholic cemetery in the City of Iloilo, Philippines.” dinggol.d~~~

(Photo at left: shows his eldest daughter Paopao holding her fathers sacred urn.)

Here's the obituary I posted after he passed away on May 8, 2010 almost nine years ago:


With deep sorrow we announce the sudden demise last week of Arturo Divinagracia Araneta, Jr. in Sta. Ana, CA., a victim of fatal heart attack in his early 60's while doing some paper works in his office.

Bambino was an active leader during his University of the Philippines (UP) student years as a member of the Samahan ng Demokratikong Kabataan (SDK) who joined the "First Quarter Storm" in the early 1970's against the oppressive regime. "Tura" to his friends and "Bambino" or Bino to his family and close relations, he was born with the proverbial "silver spoon in his mouth". His father from Molo -Arturo Locsin Araneta was a sugar planter who had an "Hacienda" in Bago City in Negros Occidental while his mother was the former Consuelo Parcon Divinagracia, a Pharmacist of Dumangas and Pototan ancestry who owned a Botica in Iloilo City.

When martial law was declared; many people cowered in fear and mostly shouted "Alleluia", while others sang to the tune of "Que sera, sera!". But Bambino, in his early 20’s together with his two Assumption-Iloilo Convent breed younger sisters, left the comfort of their luxurious home at Villa Lizares in Tabuc Suba, Jaro in Iloilo City, then armed themselves and went to the hills to fight the repressive dictatorship. He was later captured after an intense gun battle in the hinterlands of southern Luzon and was incarcerated for several years in the stockade for political prisoners in Manila, Cebu and in Iloilo City. After his release when martial law was over, and democracy was restored, he worked diligently as a traveling Salesman in Luzon for a Multi-National Company.

Later, he married the former Soling Esteva of Molo, Iloilo City (middle in photo); raised three (3) children at Makati City in MetroManila (who are all now career professionals) and then he later moved to California, USA --but while awaiting his family to follow him, he met his untimely last and final destiny.

We admire his sacrifices and devotion to his family. And more importantly; his idealism and firm conviction, the fearless determination to fight for what he believed is right and the courage to be willing to lay down his own life for freedom, fair justice and to serve the people.

Yes! Bambino, we are proud of you and your legacy shall never be forgotten. Farewell and rest in peace !!! ...your Manong dinggol~~~

Photo of our last personal meeting in Maryland, USA with my sister Lina, wife Lilia and grandsons Adrian and Andrew.

Sunday, December 30, 2018

The Other Side on the Life of Dr. Jose P. Rizal

The Other Side on the Life of Dr. Jose P. Rizal

(By: DinggolAranetaDivinagracia-December 28, 2018)

“As we honor every December 30th the memory of our national hero Dr. Jose Rizal, the "Pride of the Malayan Race" on the occasion of his death anniversary; let us pause for a moment and seriously think for a while, as to the veracity of all that is attributed to this great man of many talents.” --dinggol.d~~~

Rizal: Undeserved Adjectives?

A radical historian who constantly challenges the status quo of historicity urged yesterday future writers on the life, the works and heroism of Dr. Jose Rizal to refrain from further embarrassing him with undeserved adjectives that do not faithfully reflect his true being.

Rizal had never seen a corporate boardroom in his lifetime and therefore not a businessman as portrayed by Dr. Ernesto Sibal in his book, Rizal the Businessman. He merely hawked farm products in the sidewalks of Dapitan, according to the author, professor, newspaper columnist, magazine editor and historian Dr. Frank Grego.

The national hero is not a linguist as portrayed by historians Sofronio Alip and Gregorio Zaide. He had no formal studies in linguistics and dialectics who learned Japanese because of his pursuit for the love of O Sei San in Japan; French to communicate with both Nelly Buosted and Gertrude Becket whom he wooed in Paris; German for his unrelenting interest
to his A las Flores de Heidelberg; and Spanish because of his education in Ateneo and Universitae de Sto. Tomae.

Dr. Grego stressed that Rizal indeed carved a head of a carabao during one of his depressive days but he was not a sculptor as placed in history by Teodoro Agoncillo. His carving was far beyond compare with those of the Igorots’s and the wood carvers in Paete.

The national hero was not an ophthalmologist as pictured by other historians when he checked the blurring eyes of his mother. He did not undergo any ophthalmic fellowship, for he obtained a mere licentiate and not a doctorate in medicine, Grego emphasized.

“Why do they have to embarrass Rizal with these inaccurate labels in their desperate efforts to justify his proclamation by the Philippine Commission as an American-made National Hero in 1902?” Dr. Grego asked.

"Our educators today teach us that the meaning of Rizal’s death was that he sacrificed his life for our country’s freedom. That claim is incomplete if not downright inaccurate and preposterous. At the onset, Rizal NEVER wanted to die. That is why he wrote his “Defensa” with the help of his lawyer, Luis Taviel de Andrade. Nick Joaquín had this to say:

"Rizal’s trial, says (León Mª) Guerrero, presents us with a dilemma. Rizal passionately defended himself from the charge that he was involved in or even sympathized with the Revolution — hardly an attitude we would honor him for. “Was he innocent or guilty?” asks Guerrero. “If innocent, then why is he a hero? If guilty, how can he be a martyr?” (Source: Pepe at FILIPINO eSCRIBBLES Blog-12-30-2013)

(Source: "Ang Pungsod Ilonggo” - INMBlogspot 12-30-2007)

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