Ang Republika Federal sg Kabisay-an (The Federal Republic of the Visayas)

Historical Facts obviously omitted or deliberately hidden in our School History Books
(Source: History Reborn"The Federal Republic of the Visayas" -by: dinggol a.divinagracia*June 12, 2007)

*That Spain had already formally surrendered to the Federal Republic of the Visayas even before Gen. Emilio Aguinaldo was proclaimed Philippine President in Malolos, Bulacan on January 23, 1899. That our Independent Visayan Republic, had never been under the authority and jurisdiction of Aguinaldo's "Katagalogan" Republic in Luzon.

excerpted: "...A paper written by Jose Manuel Velmonte, a research associate at the UP Third World Studies Center, found that the Visayan revolutionary elites not only had sophisticated political ideas but also resented attempts by Malolos to assert its authority. A Tagalog military expedition sent by Malolos to Panay to assert its presence was met with hostility. The Luzon force led by Generals Ananias Diocno and Leandro Fullon was regarded by the Visayan revolutionaries, led by the Visayan supremo, Gen. Martin Delgado, as an ''invasion'' force ..." (Source: Inquirer-1999- 06-13 "View of revolt in provinces spurs revision" By: Amando Doronila)

According to Dr. Luis C.Dery, an eminent Filipino Scholar: "Expounding the extent of Aguinaldo's Philippine Army; the Bangsamoro nation's Mindanao, Sulu, and the rest of its islands never fell under Aguinaldo's politico-military control and sovereignty. In fact as late as August 1898 much of northern Luzon, southern Luzon, the Visayas, and Mindanao remained outside of the control of Aguinaldo's Republic. Thus, several military expeditions were sent to these places to bring' them to recognize the First Philippine Republic."

*That the 1898 Treaty of Paris preliminaries, should not have included territories of the sovereign "Visayan Nation"; the confederation of both the Central and Western Visayas Cantonal Governments by virtue of Spain's formal surrender prior to this U.S. and Spain treaty of peace (Paris) and the $20-million buy-out. Spain had no more legal rights to sell. In legal parlance "nemodat quod non habet” -meaning “you cannot give what is not yours”.

This diplomatic "Faux pas" that was supposed to be officially consummated and became legal and internationally binding only on APRIL 11, 1899 should, or rather must be rectified.
*June 12, 1898 -Gen. Emilio Aguinaldo proclaimed Philippine Independence from Spain in Kawit, Cavite --but never won the war against Spain, as explained in the infamous betrayal --the "Mock Battle of Manila of August 13, 1898".

*Nov. 6 & Dec. 23, 1898 -Spain formally surrendered to both; the Negros Republic that merged (Dec. 2, 1898) with the Federal Republic of the Visayas based in Iloilo (respectively)

excerpted: "...These two nations, from a purely legal point of view, are COMPLETELY LEGITIMATE UNTIL TODAY. This could imply that the Manila-based Tagalista-oriented Unitarian central government of the Philippines in the Visayas and Mindanao is an Occupational Government, that ultimately originated from an invalid Treaty of Paris...."

Dr. Jose P. Dacudao; National President -Save Our Languages thru Federalism Foundation (SOLFED), Inc.

*July 4, 1946 -The United States of America granted Philippine Independence on a silver platter with strings attached.

"True Independence could never be just self-proclaimed nor bestowed upon, it has to be won and duly achieved with dignity" -- dinggol araneta divinagracia (Founder: Ilonggo Nation Movement (INM) Global Network ..Dec. 25, 2005)

*A lover of nature and reform activities by profession; a genealogist and environmentalist by avocation. A Cooperative Movement advocate, history buff and an amateur "newbie" writer)

"It is rather speculative as it is without basis of history if we mean of "history" is that which had been written for us by the "tutas" or lackeys of our colonial and imperial masters.." -- Benjie Evicner Estuche (INM Co-Founder)

The Cooperative Movement-"It is not the best way, it is the onlyway"..
Join the Last Laugh with us!

*When Christopher Columbus said that the world is round, people asked -What? and then they laughed.

*When the Wright brothers said they'll fly and soar the skies, people asked -How? and then they laughed.

*When Jules Verne wrote someday man could travel below the seven seas and shall walk on the moon, people asked - When? and then they laughed.

*When John the Baptist prophesied the coming of the Messiah, people asked -Who? and then they laughed.

*When the Ilonggo Nation Movement (INM) Global Network announced its mission and vision, people did not even bother to ask, What? How? When? or Who? --They just laughed and laughed. *People are still laughing, ...but the laughter is fading!

ang inyo alagad... sa guihapon ...dinggol a. divinagracia~~~

email address:

To join! As a start, visit FACEBOOK: Ilonggo Nation Movement website .. (Non-ilonggos who share our advocacy are welcome)

"ACTA DE CAPITULACION~1898" (The Formal Surrender Document)

"ACTA DE CAPITULACION~1898" (The Formal Surrender Document)
*Nov. 6 & Dec. 23, 1898 -Spain formally surrendered to both; the Negros Republic that merged (Dec. 2, 1898) with the Federal Republic of the Visayas based in Iloilo (respectively)
Ergo! we won our battle-scarred freedom and legitimate independence and became a sovereign nation. The "First" Republic in the whole of Asia, but was nipped-in-the bud by the ugly Americans. A diplomatic faux pas, a political blunder and a travesty of history! --dinggol.d~~~


Claim Your Birth Right!

*Estado Federal de Bisayas*

*Ilonggo Nation Movement (INM) Global Network, precursor of the Ilonggo Nation Global Federation*

“To appreciate where you are now, you should know where you came from.”

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Wednesday, October 31, 2012

Ang "Katiringban et Madyaas" kag ang Dumangas!
(Ni: dinggol araneta divinagracia - INM Global Network - October 15, 2012)
This article is written as a tribute to Ramon Divinagracia Duremdes (July 14,1920-Oct. 11,2012); a rare breed of Filipino political leader, an epitome of a good public servant who served Dumangas with dignity as Mayor for three consecutive terms. He was honored having served as the longest Vice-Governor of the Province of Iloilo. The Pride of Dumangas! --I am proud to be closely blood-related to "Manong Ramon". --dinggol a.divinagracia~~~
The "Tumandok" of Dumangas in Iloilo (Philippines) are descended from the adventurous seafaring Malays of Kinabatangan in North Borneo. The Maragtas legend explained and the ancient Chinese Ming Dynasty Chronicle confirmed; that sometime between the 13th and 15th century, ten (10) Shri-vijayan datus together with their families, households and subordinates fled Bornay (Borneo) in search of a new life.
Led by the Sultanate Minister Datu Putih they sailed their "balanghai" unto uncertain fate and landed in Siruanga/Sirawagan (San Joaquin-Iloilo) in the island of Aninipay (Panay). They bartered their gold and jewelries with the local "Ati" Chieftain Marikudo for the lowlands, plains and valleys of the island they called "Madya-as" or paradise. The land where time began the birth of the Ilonggo Nation and the cradle of ancient Filipino civilization.
After partitioning Madyaas into Akean (Aklan and Capiz), Irong-irong (Iloilo) and Hamtic (Antique) to be ruled by Datu Bankaya, Paiburong and Sumakwel respectively; Datu Putih and the other tribal leaders settled along the banks of the river by the sea with rich, fertile soil and abundant marine products and they called the place "Araut".
Thereafter, the council of elders established the "Katiringban et Madyaas" or the Confederation of Madyaas headed by Datu Sumakwel. This confederated political form of governance preceded great nations in Europe and the Americas, including the USA.
Chinese accounts:
To the Chinese, the people of the Confederation of Madyaas were known as the Pisheya. This is a transliteration of the general geographical location of the Confederation of Madyaas, the Visayas islands. This confederation reached its peak under Datu Padojinog. During his reign the confederations' hegemony extended over most of the islands of Visayas. In 1612, the Chuan-chou gazeeter specifically reported that the Pisheya consistently made piratical raids against Chinese shipping that impeded Imperial commerce.
Excerpted from: Chronology of the Ancient Chinese Ming Dynasty and Islamic Influences by Ghou Zhongli.
"...1433 AD - A Seven-Datu-Council codified the Code of Kalantiaw (by Kalantiaw) and the Maragtas Code (by Sumakwel) for the people of Panay Island; Three Adatus from the original ten who came to Panay left for Batangas and Mindoro; Datu Putih was one of them but eventually returned to North Borneo from where no trace of him was found...."
Years later, one of his Malay grandson Raja-mun, later baptized as Don Ramon, together with his family left Araut and settled in Kaputatan (Pototan-Iloilo); while his closest brother Raja-il stayed behind. Historians believed that when the Spaniards first came during one hot summer day in 1565, they found the "noble bearing" Malay settlers in Araut to be warm-hearted, friendly and hospitable. Thus, they renamed Araut "Dumangas" (Naga duga ang mangas) -which means "Very warm". There are other interpretations on how Dumangas got its present name.
In Panay, the existence of highly developed and independent principalities of Ogtong (Oton) and Araut (Dumangas) was well known to early Spanish settlers in the Philippines. The Augustinian historian Gaspar de San Agustin, for example, wrote about the existence of an ancient and illustrious nobility in Araut, in his book Conquistas de las Islas Filipinas (1565–1615).
He said: "También fundó convento el Padre Fray Martin de Rada en Araut- que ahora se llama el convento de Dumangas- con la advocación de nuestro Padre San Agustín...Está fundado este pueblo casi a los fines del río de Halaur, que naciendo en unos altos montes en el centro de esta isla (Panay)...Es el pueblo muy hermoso, ameno y muy lleno de palmares de cocos. Antiguamente era el emporio y corte de la más lucida nobleza de toda aquella isla." Gaspar de San Agustin, O.S.A., Conquistas de las Islas Filipinas (1565-1615), Manuel Merino, O.S.A., ed., Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Cientificas: Madrid 1975, pp. 374-375.
Excerpted from Jose Rizal's essay "The Indolence of the Filipinos" originally written in Spanish and published in La Solidaridad on September 15, 1890 (English translation by Charles Derbyshire)
"..Part Three"...Wherefore, Gaspar de San Agustin says: "Although anciently there were in this town of Dumangas many people, in the course of time they have very greatly diminished because the natives are the best sailors and most skillful rowers on the whole coast, and so the governors in the port of Iloilo take most of the people from this town for the ships that they send abroad..."
It would be safe to say then, that the earliest overseas foreign workers from Las Islas de Filipinas were from the ancient town of "Araut" and that, therefore, the first OFW's were Dumangasanons from the "Katiringban et Madya-as" or the Ilonggo Nation.
Datu Putih was the supreme leader and the following Datus served as head of the Katiringban et Madya-as:
Datu Sumakwel-Hamtic; Datu Bangkaya-Akean; Datu Paiburong-Irong-Irong; Datu Balengkaka-Akean; Datu Kalantiaw-Akean; Datu Manduyog-Akean; Datu Padojinog-Irong-Irong; Datu Madnayag-Akean...

Wednesday, October 03, 2012

The Largest Flower on Earth
Rafflesia arnoldii is a member of the genus Rafflesia. It is noted for producing the largest individual flower on earth. This rare floral specie is found in the highlands of Barbasa in the Province of Antique, Philippines.  -dinggol.d~~~

The First "Miss Philippines" was an Ilongga
(By: dinggol araneta divinagracia - Ilonggo Nation Movement (INM) Global Network)
Pura Villanueva Kalaw (1886-1954)
Purificacion "Pura" Villanueva was born on August 27, 1886 in Arevalo, Iloilo to Emilio Villanueva, an illustrious Parianon, and Emilia Garcia, a native of Palencia, in the Castile-Leon region of Spain. After preliminary schooling at the Instituto de Santa Ana in Molo, she took formal education at Santa Catalina College in Manila. While in the nation's capital, this Ilongga mestisa with wealth, beauty and brain attracted the high and famous Manila society. At the age of 22, she was proclaimed “First Carnival Queen” of the Philippines, precursor of the “Miss Philippines” Beauty Pageant.
Pura Villanueva love for writing and her journalistic endeavor had won her several major literary prizes. She was a weekly contributor to "El Tiempo" -Iloilo's most popular newspaper in Western Visayas and also contributor to metropolitan periodicals with articles, which mostly dwelt on feminine rights.
In 1906, at age 20, this fearless Ilongga organized the Asociacion Feminista Ilongga, the main purpose was to enfranchise women in the country. The credo she formulated; “What a man can do, a woman can do as well.” -Thus, the first women's suffrage movement in the Philippines was born in Iloilo.
Notwithstanding many obstacles and strong opposition from an all male Legislature, the fight for women’s right went on. The women's movement evolved into the Society for the Advancement of Women; Women’s Club of Manila; and finally, in 1921, the numerous women’s clubs throughout the country banded together into the National Federation of Women’s Clubs. Their official propaganda mouthpiece was titled "Women’s Outlook". The national campaign for the enfranchisement of Filipino women spearheaded by Pura Villanueva-Kalaw continued until the women's suffrage plebiscite resulted in women being qualified to vote.
Pura Villanueva married Teodoro M. Kalaw of Lipa, Batangas in simple rites at the Molo Catholic Church on May 6 1910. They were blest with four children; former Senator Maria Kalaw-Katigbak; Teodoro Kalaw, Jr.; Purita Kalaw-Ledesma, and Evelina Kalaw-Pines.
The Ilongga who made an indelible mark in the annals of history as the first Miss Philippines and the first Suffragate; Pura Villanueva Kalaw, died at age 67 of heart attack on March 21, 1954.

Pura Villanueva Kalaw

Lapaz Batchoy, Ilonggo Culinary Pride
(By: dinggol araneta divinagracia -IlonggoNation Movement (INM) Global Network-) Oct.3,2012)
YES! Lapaz Batchoy originated sometime after WW2 in Lapaz, a District didto sa Ciudad sang Iloilo.
It was believed concocted by an obscure butcher-cook, a humble "taga Lapaz" named Federico "Deco" Guillergan, Sr. and made popular under the name "Deco's Lapaz Batchoy" in his modest "over-the-counter" stall inside the Lapaz Public Market, where extra "Caldo Fuerzado" is for free.
Later they transferred to a bigger area within the Eatery Section and renamed "Deco's Original Lapaz Batchoy" that already served Drive-In customers in the parking area, near the Panay Railway Lapaz Sub-Station.
Sometime in the late 1960's, "Deco's Original Lapaz Batchoy" opened a branch along España Street fronting the University of Santo Tomas in Manila.
When Deco, dubbed by ilonggos as "The Father of Lapaz Batchoy" passed away, his children and brother continued serving the lucrative Ilonggo culinary pride far and wide.
However, one of his trusted protege, named "Santos" was hired by several Batchoyans in the City; and then perhaps, the family secret recipe of the original Lapaz Batchoy is no secret anymore.  -

(photo by

Wednesday, August 29, 2012

The Union Mission Hospital at Iloilo city in the Philippines was housed in a nipa building from 1900 to 1905, when the first permanent buidings were constructed. It was built on the pavilion plan and it's capacity was thirty beds. In 1911, additions of concrete were made and its capacity was doubled. They have five private rooms; 2- semi-private with 6-beds each, 1-for men and 1-for women, and all the other beds are free.
We have the distinction of being the first Mission Hospital in the whole Philippines.
Our training school for Nurses in Iloilo City was 2-years in advance of the government one in Manila and one year ahead of St. Paul's Hospital also in Manila.
In 1906, the hospital was ready for the opening of the training school for nurses. Dr. and Mrs. Hall were able to get Miss Amelia Klein, an American government nurse to boost their medical team. Dr. Mackle, an American surgeon joined the hospital and who later on carried the medical responsibility when the Halls went on six month furlough in the U.S.
Four young girls, namely Felipa de la Peña of Panit-an, Capiz; Nicasia Cada of Oton, Iloilo, Dorotea and Basilia Caldito both of Leon, Iloilo, who joined the hospital as laundry women eventually comprised the first class of the Union Mission Hospital Training School for Nurses in the Philippines.
Mrs. Mary Hall, Elizabeth Brinton, and Amelia Klein, all trained registered nurses in America composed the training staff. The first epoch in the unfolding of the nursing profession in the Philippines got its humble historic beginning at the Union Mission Hospital Training School for nurses on Iznart Street, Iloilo City, 1906.
After months of intensified training of the pioneer nurses, Basilica Caldito quit and only three young women left to blaze new trails for the nursing profession in this country. The Union Mission Hospital Training School for Nurses was administered by the Presbyterian doctors and nurses of America.
Presently, the Union Mission Hospital is located in Jaro, Iloilo City and renamed The Iloilo Mission Hospital.
(Main source: Eye Opener by: Rodolfo P. Gumabong -The News Today on Line)~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~oo0oo~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

Tuesday, August 14, 2012

The Revolutionary Hero in the Province of Antique  

(By: DinggolAranetaDivinagracia - IlonggoNationMovement) ​ 

GEN. LEANDRO LOCSIN FULLON was born on March 13, 1877 in Hamtic, Antique. He was a young student at the Colegio de San Juan de Letran in Manila, when the revolution against Spain broke out in 1896. Shortly before the revolutionary government was being organized by Gen. Emilio Aguinaldo, he joined the Katipunan.

On September 6, 1898, he returned to Antique as Head of the expeditionary forces to Panay sent by Aguinaldo with 140 revolutionary officers and 350 men. Upon his arrival in Pandan, Antique on September 21, many Antiqueño volunteers joined his forces.

Gen. Leandro Fullon established a revolutionary government in Pandan and in the neighboring town of Culasi with election of their local officials. On Nov. 22, 1898, Fullon's forces captured the Antique provincial capital of San Jose de Buenavista and a Revolutionary Provincial Government was formed with the following officials: Angel Salazar-Governor, Santos Capadocia-ViceGovernor, Anacleto Villavert Jimenez and Jose Fontanilla-Councilor of Justice, Anselmo Alicante-Councilor of Internal Revenue and Vicente Gella-Representative to Malolos Congress.

The revolucionarios he led, also encountered several fierce battles against the Spanish forces in the towns of San Miguel, Pavia and in the outskirts of Jaro in Iloilo City . More notably, the battle of Oton to Arevalo together with Gen. Angel Corteza and Gen. Pablo Araneta both of Molo, Iloilo City; where he was honored as having fired the "first shot". When the revolutionary government in the Visayas was later organized, he was appointed the Politico-Military Governor of Antique.

When the U.S. forces invaded Iloilo on February 11, 1899, Gen. Leandro L. Fullon joined in the resistance together with his cousin Gen. Pablo S. Araneta and other ilonggo revolutionary leaders of the Estado Federal de Bisayas.

In the early part of 1900, he returned to Antique to continue the struggle for freedom and independence against the new foreign invaders. After his forces became weakened due to heavy casualties, battle losses and weary of war and poorly armed, they were soon overwhelmed by the new and well-armed enemy. And on March 22, 1901 he was forced to surrender.

After the civil government was organized by the American regime, he was appointed Provincial Governor of Antique, a post that he held until his death in Oct. 16, 1904.

Antiqueños honor Gen. Leandro Locsin Fullon at the National Shrine where his equestrian life-size statue was erected on top of his tomb in the land of his birth, Hamtic --in the Province of Antique, Philippines. ~~~

Footnote:(Early History * Genealogy)
Rev. Juan Sayson Locsin, (third son of Agustin "Sin Lok" Locsin) who became the "Cura Parroco" of Bugasong, Antique in 1834 fathered Lucio Locsin (Gobernadorcillo of Tibiao, Antique) and Dionisia Locsin (married to Leon Solis). Lucio who died in 1893 at age 90 has a natural son named Mariano Locsin, the father of Justa Locsin who married Justo Fullon.
Justo and Justa Locsin-Fullon settled in Hamtic, Antique where their children were born; namely: Leandro, Baltazara, Luisa and Jose (Retired as School Supervisor).
The Revolutionary hero of Antique Gen. Leandro Locsin Fullon has a daughter in Manila named Paz who married Roberto Pacificador of the Rentas Internas. They are the forebears of the Pacificador-Locsin clan in the province of Antique.

Tuesday, May 08, 2012


Panginbulahan! sa mga Opisyales kag Katapo sang Hiligaynon Association of Norway (HAN)
(HAN Council Officers and Advisers for 2010-2012)

*President - Luz Therese Bergersen
*Vice-President - Andy Belaza
*Secretary - Jennifer Frankrig
*Asst. Secretary - Millissa Madsen
*Treasurer - Corazon Furuseth
-----------------------------*Asst. Treasurer - Gina Belaza
-----------------------------*Auditor - Steve French
-----------------------------*Asst. Auditor - Maria Bergensen
-----------------------------*PRO - Analyn Storbraten
-----------------------------*Asst. PRO - Herma Rodriguez
-----------------------------*Advisers: Lida Kjolberg & Titiana Javelosa

 *Vice-President - Andy Belaza

*Secretary - Jennifer Frankrig

*Asst. Secretary - Millissa Madsen

*Treasurer - Corazon Furuseth

*Asst. Treasurer - Gina Belaza

*Auditor - Steve French

*Asst. Auditor - Maria Bergensen

*PRO - Analyn Storbraten

*Asst. PRO - Herma Rodriguez

*Adviser: Lida Kjolberg

*Adviser: Titiana Javelosa

Welcome! to the Ilonggo Nation Movement (INM) Global Network --Padayon! ang Hublag Ilonggo! --dinggol a. divinagracia~~~

Friday, March 16, 2012

Mga Katapo sang "Pahina Hiligaynon" sa Dakbanwa sang Iloilo

Panginbulahan! sa mga Opisyales sang Pahina Hiligaynon

Interim Set of Officers:

* Rudy Lanceta - President

* Edgar Siscar - Vice-President

* Sheryl Alog - Secretary

* Fr. Edgardo Lazo - Spiritual Adsviser

Officers and members of "PAHINA HILIGAYNON" during their 2nd Acquaintance Party at Tatoy's Seafoods & Manokan at Villa Beach in Arevalo, Iloilo City --February 11, 2012 (Photo by: Eduard Percival Labadia)

Padayon ang Hublag Ilonggo! --dinggol a. divinagracia (Ilonggo Nation Global Network)

Officers & Members of Ilonggo Association of Southern California(IASC), Inc.

The 5th Induction-Ball of IASC, Inc. is scheduled on May 19, 2012 (Starts-6:00 pm) at CBS Studio Center, New York Street # 4024 Radford Avenue -Studio City. CA. 91604

Ilonggo Association of Southern California (IASC) Inc.

2012-2014 IASC Officers

President -Joevan Panizales

1st Vice President -Luis Servando

2nd Vice President -Rene Aaron

Secretary -Gladys Longno

Asst. Secretary -Josefina Alejandria

Treasurer -Yvette Untarya

Asst. Treasurer -Rose Chua

Auditor -Rey Gayomali

Asst. Auditor -Roen Fernandez


Bongie Sarmiento

Jerome Octaviano

Thomas Alejandria

Florendo Sandocal

Maribel Saadnia

Peace Officers:

Anthony Francisco

Josephine Biclar

Jimboy Garcia

Rudy Panizales

Board of Advisors:

Freddie Abadiano

Henry Ingalla

Victoria Abantao

Board of Directors:

Jose Gotico

Ernesto Aldeguer

Butch Zaragoza

Zenaida Alejandria

Legal Advisor -Atty. Roman Mosqueda

Congratulation! to the newly elected Officers of IASC, Inc. for 2012-2014

Padayon! and Hublag Ilonggo --dinggol a. divinagracia (Ilonggo Nation Global Network)

Wednesday, March 14, 2012

Circulo Ilongo Association of British Columbia (B.C.) in Canada

Congratulations! to the duly elected Officers of Circulo Ilongo Association of B.C.( British Columbia) in Canada for 2012.

2012 CIABC Officers

President John del Rosario

Vice President Grace Brewster

Secretary Winnonah S. Beyer

Vice Secretary Elva Grace Seguiban-Bayla

Treasurer Leon Deza Jr.

Asst. Treasurer Sandra Lapating

Auditor Maurius Alparaque

Asst. Auditor Nadine Catambing

Business Manager Haydee Alonzo

Asst. Business

Manager Susan Chu

Press Relation

Officer Limbay Deza Lau

Asst. PRO Florivel Delariarte

Peace Officer Sergio Alavarta Jr.

Peace Officer Corydon Arches

Provincial Directors:

AKLAN Lilia Prado
ANTIQUE Jose Jaundines

CAPIZ Delsa Escutin

GUIMARAS Helen Biadoma

ILOILO Hernani Defenio

NEGROS Alfredo Hermano Jr.