Ang Republika Federal sg Kabisay-an (The Federal Republic of the Visayas)

Historical Facts obviously omitted or deliberately hidden in our School History Books
(Source: History Reborn"The Federal Republic of the Visayas" -by: dinggol a.divinagracia*June 12, 2007)

*That Spain had already formally surrendered to the Federal Republic of the Visayas even before Gen. Emilio Aguinaldo was proclaimed Philippine President in Malolos, Bulacan on January 23, 1899. That our Independent Visayan Republic, had never been under the authority and jurisdiction of Aguinaldo's "Katagalogan" Republic in Luzon.

excerpted: "...A paper written by Jose Manuel Velmonte, a research associate at the UP Third World Studies Center, found that the Visayan revolutionary elites not only had sophisticated political ideas but also resented attempts by Malolos to assert its authority. A Tagalog military expedition sent by Malolos to Panay to assert its presence was met with hostility. The Luzon force led by Generals Ananias Diocno and Leandro Fullon was regarded by the Visayan revolutionaries, led by the Visayan supremo, Gen. Martin Delgado, as an ''invasion'' force ..." (Source: Inquirer-1999- 06-13 "View of revolt in provinces spurs revision" By: Amando Doronila)

According to Dr. Luis C.Dery, an eminent Filipino Scholar: "Expounding the extent of Aguinaldo's Philippine Army; the Bangsamoro nation's Mindanao, Sulu, and the rest of its islands never fell under Aguinaldo's politico-military control and sovereignty. In fact as late as August 1898 much of northern Luzon, southern Luzon, the Visayas, and Mindanao remained outside of the control of Aguinaldo's Republic. Thus, several military expeditions were sent to these places to bring' them to recognize the First Philippine Republic."

*That the 1898 Treaty of Paris preliminaries, should not have included territories of the sovereign "Visayan Nation"; the confederation of both the Central and Western Visayas Cantonal Governments by virtue of Spain's formal surrender prior to this U.S. and Spain treaty of peace (Paris) and the $20-million buy-out. Spain had no more legal rights to sell. In legal parlance "nemodat quod non habet” -meaning “you cannot give what is not yours”.

This diplomatic "Faux pas" that was supposed to be officially consummated and became legal and internationally binding only on APRIL 11, 1899 should, or rather must be rectified.
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
*June 12, 1898 -Gen. Emilio Aguinaldo proclaimed Philippine Independence from Spain in Kawit, Cavite --but never won the war against Spain, as explained in the infamous betrayal --the "Mock Battle of Manila of August 13, 1898".

*Nov. 6 & Dec. 23, 1898 -Spain formally surrendered to both; the Negros Republic that merged (Dec. 2, 1898) with the Federal Republic of the Visayas based in Iloilo (respectively)

excerpted: "...These two nations, from a purely legal point of view, are COMPLETELY LEGITIMATE UNTIL TODAY. This could imply that the Manila-based Tagalista-oriented Unitarian central government of the Philippines in the Visayas and Mindanao is an Occupational Government, that ultimately originated from an invalid Treaty of Paris...."

Dr. Jose P. Dacudao; National President -Save Our Languages thru Federalism Foundation (SOLFED), Inc.

*July 4, 1946 -The United States of America granted Philippine Independence on a silver platter with strings attached.

"True Independence could never be just self-proclaimed nor bestowed upon, it has to be won and duly achieved with dignity" -- dinggol araneta divinagracia (Founder: Ilonggo Nation Movement (INM) Global Network ..Dec. 25, 2005)

*A lover of nature and reform activities by profession; a genealogist and environmentalist by avocation. A Cooperative Movement advocate, history buff and an amateur "newbie" writer)

"It is rather speculative as it is without basis of history if we mean of "history" is that which had been written for us by the "tutas" or lackeys of our colonial and imperial masters.." -- Benjie Evicner Estuche (INM Co-Founder)

The Cooperative Movement-"It is not the best way, it is the onlyway"..
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~oo0oo~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
Join the Last Laugh with us!

*When Christopher Columbus said that the world is round, people asked -What? and then they laughed.

*When the Wright brothers said they'll fly and soar the skies, people asked -How? and then they laughed.

*When Jules Verne wrote someday man could travel below the seven seas and shall walk on the moon, people asked - When? and then they laughed.

*When John the Baptist prophesied the coming of the Messiah, people asked -Who? and then they laughed.

*When the Ilonggo Nation Movement (INM) Global Network announced its mission and vision, people did not even bother to ask, What? How? When? or Who? --They just laughed and laughed. *People are still laughing, ...but the laughter is fading!

ang inyo alagad... sa guihapon ...dinggol a. divinagracia~~~

email address: dinggol1023@gmail.com

To join! As a start, visit FACEBOOK: Ilonggo Nation Movement website .. (Non-ilonggos who share our advocacy are welcome)
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~oo0oo~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~





"ACTA DE CAPITULACION~1898" (The Formal Surrender Document)

"ACTA DE CAPITULACION~1898" (The Formal Surrender Document)
*Nov. 6 & Dec. 23, 1898 -Spain formally surrendered to both; the Negros Republic that merged (Dec. 2, 1898) with the Federal Republic of the Visayas based in Iloilo (respectively)
Ergo! we won our battle-scarred freedom and legitimate independence and became a sovereign nation. The "First" Republic in the whole of Asia, but was nipped-in-the bud by the ugly Americans. A diplomatic faux pas, a political blunder and a travesty of history! --dinggol.d~~~

===============================================================



Claim Your Birth Right!

*Estado Federal de Bisayas*

*Ilonggo Nation Movement (INM) Global Network, precursor of the Ilonggo Nation Global Federation*

“To appreciate where you are now, you should know where you came from.”

============ ========= ========= ========= ========= ========= ========















Wednesday, March 05, 2008

The MANILA MAIL issue re: The Ilonggo Nation

THE MANILA MAIL
(Feb. 4, 2008)
Washington Tsismis Column

THE ILONGGO NATION

Anybody read the online newsletter of the Ilonggos? My fellow Tsismosos have informed me
that the name of this new group should be a cause for worry for President Arroyo who is a
Kapampangan as well as Tagalogs, Itawis, Warays, Bicolanos, Ilocanos, etcetera. They
said this group might become another secessionist group similar to the Moro Islamic
Liberation Front (MILF), which wants to secede from the Philippines.

Here is this group’s collective letter to me in my email address: (http://us.f562.mail.yahoo.com/ym/Compose?To=tsismosodc@hotmail.com)

“My fellow Tsismoso:
“We are bringing to your attention the birth of a new movement that might follow the trail of
the secessionist Moro Islamic Liberation Front which is demanding independence. We urge
you to go to this group’s website called banwa_mo@yahoo. com (ilonggoNation Movement).

This movement sounds fearsome. Ilonggo Nation Movement? And its newsletter is called
Ang Pungsod Ilonggo, Kabisay-an Nakatungdan (The Ilonggo ”Nation” Movement
newsletter). What is troubling is that its first issue carried the story of the heroic Ilonggos
who fought the Spanish invaders 400 years ago! And it showed the “political map’ of
Western Visayas. It’s motto is ‘To appreciate where you are now, you should know where
you came from.’

“The newsletter said it is published fortnightly for INM (Ilongo Nationa Movement members
and friends.) In one of its issues, the top stories included ”The Cry of Sta. Barbara, I Am
Bisaya, The Ylongo Composo, etcetera.

“It says that to access its issues, please go to ”/Ang Punsod Ilonggo/” at:
www.IlonggoNation. blogspot. com Previous publications are likewise, archived therein.

“It concludes: ‘We are pleased to have the privilege of serving you. Ang inyo alagad…dinggol
a.divinagracia.

“Now what will happen to the Philippines if the Ilocanos, for instance, declare an
independent Ilocano Republic, the Kampampangan their own republic etc., etc.? Please
spread the warning.”
Okay. If Gloria does not reform, I will support the Ilonggo Nation Movement and all other
Movements that will emerge.

(Note: THE MANILA MAIL is published fortnightly in the Metropolitan Washington D.C. area, that includes the Commonwealth of Virginia and the State of Maryland)
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~oo0oo~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
REACTIONS:
Anent above-subject, here's our rejoinder:

The Ilonggo Nation Movement's advocacy is not necessarily to secede, nor establish a "new" State but a bold attempt to agressively pursue the "Revival" of the Federal Republic of the Visayas. An independent sovereign Nation, that preceeded the present Manila-based unitarian centrist government --that evolved thru continious legal processes from the anomalous $20-million Spanish-American real estate deal under the Treaty of Peace (Paris) during the end of the last century that included our part of the archipelago.

Spain had earlier formally surrendered to our ilonggo forebears, as evidenced by the "Acta de Capitulacion-1898" duly signed by Spanish Governor-General Don Diego de los Rios, the last duly constituted Spanish authority in the Philippines, based in Iloilo.

Therefore, Spain had no more legal rights to sell to the U.S. --the territories under the control and jurisdiction of the independent Visayan Republic.

Minions and lackeys of the "Conquistadores" and U.S. imperialist victors, had deliberately designed our school books, altered historical facts to relegate our triumph against Spanish centuries of subjugation to the dustbin of history and into oblivion --our sovereignty as an independent Nation.

INM discovered this anomaly; have come to realize the diplomatic faux pas and exposed this travesty of history.

Perhaps, due to INM's initiative, the de facto Ilonggo nation was best manifested last November 6, 2007 --when the National Historical Institute under Malacanang, unvieled the long overdue Historical Marker in Bacolod City to commemorate Spain's formal surrender to the ilonggo revolucionarios after 109 years. INM's material (article) contribution was duly acknowledged by the Negros Occidental Provincial Government under Gov. Joseph Maranon.

Incidentally, your article enabled curious readers of Manila Mail, especially Visayans, to visit "Ang Pungsod Ilonggo" INM's eNewsletter at: http://www.ilonggonation.blogspot.com/ which apparently, bolstered our membership list that already contained about thirty thousand groups and individuals globally. Salamat guid!

Padayon ang Republika Federal sang Kabisay-an!

Sa guihapon... dinggol a. divinagracia
(Founder: The Ilonggo Nation Movement)
--
Email: http://us.f562.mail.yahoo.com/ym/Compose?To=Banwa_Mo@yahoo.com
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
jamimah estuche wrote:

Ang tsismis naga-umpisa sa hutik-hutik; ang hutik-hutik may dala nga malisya. Ergo, ang mga tsismoso, malisyoso.
--
OK, the syllogism above is fallacious somewhere, which is the point when we look at the above article from the Manila Mail.
--
If one looks closely at the INM newsletter, the following is glaringly presented:
--
1) That the Ilonggo Nation predates the Republic of the Philippines by more than 500 years;
--
2) There is nothing fearsome from the name "Ilonggo Nation Movement" parsing it to "Ilonggo," "Nation" and "Movement." Like all tsismis, fear arises from ignorance;
--
3) There is no illusion of secession in the purposes of the INM because of no. 1 above. We are there to correct the illusion of Philippine nationhood, emanating from the wrong perception of history and by the way it was written with contemptible bias from the standpoint of "imperial Manila" (to quote my good friend from SOLFED, Dr. Jose P. Dacudao);
--
4) Historical events were wrongly presented by the minions of the Loyalists to the Spanish Monarchy who wanted the archipelago declared as a Spanish Province and had fantasized of representation to the Spanish Cortes in the mid and late 19th century in the same manner that the latter American lackeys deceitfully manipulated events leading to the Treaty of Paris in 1898;
--
5) The motto as quoted is a simple paraphrasing of Rizal's "Ang taong hindi marunong tumingin sa kanyang pinanggalingan ay hindi makarating sa kanyang patutungohan" and does not contain any word or phrase that denotes any revolutionary/secessionist fervor as in "Workers of the world, unite, you have nothing to lose but your chains!;"
--
6) When the perception is as in No. 1 above, who is there to secede?
--
7) Most of those who contribute their minds in here are, in fact and in truth, advocates of FEDERALISM, except for the undersigned, who believes that the Philippines should first break up into several nation-states, each of which shall democratically express their individual intention to collectively federalize, if that is their democratic will; This post does not reflect the collective will of the INM but only of the undersigned.
--
AGURANG AMIN
------------------------------------oo0oo--------------------------------------
Priest-soldiers of Panay
(By: Atty. Rex T. Salvilla -The News Today-Iloilo)

On March 18, we will be celebrating the Anniversary of the Liberation of Panay. We have been honoring our veterans and had been focusing on the fighting men and often times overlooking the non-combatant elements of our armed forces.
--
So this time, let us dwell on the fighting padres -- the chaplains who were with the Panay guerillas. Here they are:
--
1. Capt. Mariano Ga - 61st Infantry Division Chaplain of the Philippine Independent Church (Aglipayan church). After the war, he retired as major and became the Obispo Maximo (Supreme Head) of that church.
--
2. 1Lt. Jose Dacudao - 61st Infantry Div. Chaplain of the Catholic Church.
--
3. 1Lt. Ildefonso Odi - 61st Inf. Regt. Chaplain. After the war, he retired as major and became a monsignor serving in several parishes his last being Janiuay.
--
4. 1Lt. Ciriaco Escutin - 62nd Inf. Regt. Chaplain. After the war, he became Chief Chaplain of the Armed Forces of the Philippines with rank of brigadier general.
--
5. 1Lt. Celso Pasiderio - 63rd Inf. Regt Chaplain.
--
6. 1Lt. Miguel Tadifa - 64th Inf. Regt Chaplain. After the war, he became Chief Chaplain of the Philippine Army with rank of full colonel. He saw action in the Korean was as chaplain of the 10th Battalion Combat Team (10th BCT).
--
7. 1Lt. Federico Velasco - 65th Inf Regt Chaplain
--
8. 1Lt. Vicente Tim timan - 66th Inf Regt Chaplain
--
9. 1Lt. Aguston Masa - 61st Inf. Chaplain for Protestant sects.
--
In the 71st Inf. Division of Negros Guerillas two from Panay served as chaplains, thus:
--
1. Major Antonio Frondosa -- Chief Division Chaplain (Catholic). After the war, he became the first archbishop of Capiz.
--
2. 1Lt. Felix Regalado -- regimental chaplain (Protestant) of the 71st Inf Regt.
--
Of post war officers, we have Fr. Vicente Vacante who served as chaplain in the Philippine Army until he retired as full colonel.
--
In the United States Navy, there is Lt. Col. Roy Panes who saw action in the Iraq war in 1990.
--
Lastly, a hundred years ago, during the Philippine Revolution Iloilo, three Ilonggo Catholic priests joined the revolution as chaplains in the Ejercito Libertador. The chief chaplain was Fr. Praxedes Magalona and his assistants were Fr. Santiago Pamplona and Fr. Sivestre Apura.
-------------------------------oo0oo--------------------------------------
Rizal: Undeserved Adjectives?

A radical historian who constantly challenges the status quo of historicity urged yesterday future writers on the life, works and heroism of Dr. Jose Rizal to refrain from further embarrassing him with undeserved adjectives that do not faithfully reflect his true being.
--
Rizal had never seen a corporate boardroom in his lifetime and therefore not a businessman as portrayed by Dr. Ernesto Sibal in his book, Rizal the Businesssman. He merely hawked farm products in the sidewalks of Dapitan, according to author, professor, newspaper columnist, magazine editor and historian Dr. Frank Grego.
--
The national hero is not a linguist as portrayed by historians Sofronio Alip and Gregorio Zaide. He had no formal studies in linguistics and dialectics who learned Japanese because of his pursuit for the love of O Sei San in Japan; French to communicate with Nely Buosted and Gertrude Becket whom he wooed in Paris; German for his unrelenting interest to his A las Flores de Heidelberg; and Spanish because of his education in Ateneo and Universitae de Sto. Tomae.
--
Dr. Grego stressed that Rizal indeed carved a head of a carabao during one of his depressive days but he was not a sculptor as historified by Teodoro Agoncillo. His carving was far beyond compare with those of the Igorots’s and the wood carvers in Paete.
--
The national hero was not an ophthalmologist as pictured by other historians when he checked the blurring eyes of his mother. He did not undergo any ophthalmic fellowship, for he obtained a mere licentiate and not a doctorate in medicine, Grego emphasized.
--
“Why do they have to embarrass Rizal with these inaccurate labels in their desperate efforts to justify his proclamation by the Philippine Commission as an American-made National Hero in 1902?” Dr. Grego asked.
--
(Source: ACAbaya’s TAPATT)
----------------------------------------oo0oo------------------------------------
THE EVILS OF DYNASTIES
"Virtual Reality" column of Tony Lopez
June 12, 2007 Issue of The Manila Times
--
Just how bad dynasties are to the economy and the country can be gleaned from the amount of taxpayers' money these people have access to.
--
Take the Senate. There will be siblings - Pia and Alan Cayetano. In addition, Alan's wife, Laarni, took his old congressional seat from Taguig.

--
The No.2 most popular senator, Chiz Escudero, has his father, Sonny, as congressman from Sorsogon, his son's old turf.

--
Ed Angara is senator; his son and namesake is a congressman.
--
A senator draws P200 million in pork barrel; a congressman, P70 million. Therefore, Pia, Alan and Laarni will rake in P470 million a year, or P1.4 billion in three years. Chiz and Sonny will enjoy P270 million per year, or P810 million in three years, just like the Angara father-and-son tandem.

--
How much does the average poor make a day? A third of the 85 million population, or 25.5 million of the people of this country make less than $1 a day, or P365 (or P17,155) a year.

--
According to Ping Lacson, the P200-million pork barrel of a senator is just a starting figure. If a senator sponsors a Cabinet department during the budget hearings and sessions, he/she is given access to P350 million in the line budget of that department. So P200 million plus P350 million, that's P550 million.

--
What do the Filipino people get in return for electing these people? Very little, if any.

--
In the last 100 years since Filipinos began electing their representatives, the Philippines degenerated from being the No. 1 economy, trading and commercial power in Asia to No. 73 least compe-titive country in the world.

--
Today, the Philippines is less free than it was a century ago. Did you know that the Philippines used to be Asia's industrial power?

--
As late as the 19th century, the Philippines was already one of Asia's premier industrialized countries and was the center of culture and education. The country was producing iron-ore sheets, refined iron ore, liquor from molasses using then unheard-of boilers, fine textiles for export, and was using steam engines and steamships. It established the first bank in Asia, made the first typhoon forecast in Asia, and set up the first European-style universities in Asia.

--
Manila had a street car system, just like San Francisco; and had a ferrocarril line from the city to Dagupan in the north and from Manila to Batangas and Bicol in the south. By 1895, Manila had an electric light system. The first taxi fleet, the first airline, the first modern newspapers, the first conglomerate were established by Filipino tycoons. What happened after that?

--
During the last 100 years, Japan became a military power and the world's No. 2 economic power next to the United States.

--
During the last 50 years, Taiwan, South Korea, Hong Kong and Singapore became economic miracles. Taiwan, Malaysia and Singapore became nation states (they used to be unknown islands while Filipinos were already conducting diplomatic relations with Europe and China).

--
In fact, at one time, the Sultan of Sulu was a frequent visitor in China because he liked it there. He stayed there for three months, but died of syphilis. The Chinese erected a monument in his honor.
--
In the last 30 years, the Philippines became the slowest growing economy per capita in Asia, bar none. During that time, Congress produced 15,000 laws and law schools 30,000 lawyers, half of whom are active. So two lawyers for every one law. Yet, the Philippines has a very poor human rights and economic rights record.

--
We got our priorities wrong. We gave the people the power to vote even before the people and those they elect learned how to govern properly, or at the very least, prepare or educate themselves to have a modicum of competency and honesty.

--
These days, people kill people just to be able to serve the people. People bribe people just to be able to serve the people. That is the meaning of a heated electoral contest. And of fraudulent elections.

--
Should our politicians be blamed for the nadir we have fallen into? I will say No if those families mentioned in the first part of this column will return their pork barrel and declare, "from now on, I will truly serve the people." C'mon, give the money to the 12-million school- age children who are out of school because of extreme poverty. You don't deserve so much money. You didn't earn it.

--
(Email forwarded by Segunda N. Del Mar- INM: SW Washington D.C.)

------------------------------------oo0oo------------------------------------------

Filipino Demoralization: Creation of an Ilonggo Republic
(By: Brig. Gen. Michaelangelo H. Siscar, AFP (Ret,) -INM: Bulacan -Philippines)
Dec. 22, 2007
FILIPINO DEMORALIZATION

In the news recently, it is reported in the Philippine Daily Star that many Filipinos are traveling to Singapore illegally To work as prostitute. Another chilling news is the sale of internal organs by Filipinos to the Americans, British, Canadian, Australian, Japanese in exchange of a few pesos.
--
There are a million and one reasons for all these things that are happening. But the bottom line is that many Filipinos have lost their hope and industry and have succumbed to temptation of easy money.
--
And what is the government doing about this? They are very vocal against these things but no one seem to walk their talk. Corruption continues to stall industry and development. No big fish is caught. And if they are caught they are quickly pardoned. Rapists are pardoned and set free.
--
In the news too today, a well known Congressman who was convicted of raping a minor Is to be set free today after only 13 years of confinement. Another murderer who took the life of an Italian priest is to be pardoned also, according to the news, in a few days.
--
Yes we lack justice. We Do not punish to make the strongest point. We are very merciful in spite of the fact. And so the country is going nowhere. The roads are all tupsy-turvy, full of Holes, large holes and deep holes. The concrete roads are sub-standard, inferior, low class and low quality in exchange for a few kick backs. You can see corruption on the road glaring at you in the face in broad daylight and even in the dark of the night because if you are not careful your car's chassis will get broken because of hard bumps.
--
And yet we will wonder why only a few denounce this kind of governance. And those who would dare question the government are quickly placed in solitary confinement and in limbo. No wonder many are selling their flesh and souls to survive.
--
I hope God Would Enlighten All of Us in creating a New Ilonggo Republic.
--
Reaction:
We need a radical change and let it start in our own ilonggo community.
--
Sylvester from Vancouver, Canada
(INM: Vancouver-Canada)
----------------------------------------oo0oo--------------------------------------
"Weep like a Woman’
(By: Antonio C. Abaya -Jan. 22, 2008)
--
By the year 1482, the Moorish caliphate in the Iberian Peninsula (what is now Spain and Portugal ) had shrunk to a small perimeter around the city of Granada in southeastern Spain.
--
At its zenith, the Muslim armies from North Africa that had invaded the Iberian Peninsula in the years 711 to 718 AD, had conquered most of what are now Spain and Portugal, and had sallied forth into France, where they were finally defeated and driven back by Christian armies led by Charles Martel in the Battle of Tours in the year 732. AD.
--
The Muslim occupation of Spain and Portugal lasted for several centuries leaving an indelible imprint on Iberian culture and civilization. To this day, many modern Europeans sniff that “Africa begins at the Pyrenees .”
--
But by the end of the first millennium (1000 AD), incessant quarrels and fighting among Muslim chieftains – a common enough phenomenon that persists to the 21st century – allowed the Christian kingdoms to fight back and recover lost ground.
--
By the year 1482, the Christians had re-conquered the kingdoms of Toledo , Sevilla and Cordoba .. In the year 1492, when the Italian navigator Christopher Columbus – Cristobal Colon – was sent by the Spanish king on his epochal voyage to the Americas , the Christian kingdoms of Aragon and Castille, reunited by the marriage of their sovereigns, Ferdinand and Isabella, fielded their combined armies and defeated the quarreling Muslims in Granada.
--
The last Muslim caliph in Iberia , Boabdil, was sent weeping into exile back to North Africa . Legend has it that his aged mother bitterly reproached him: “Weep like a woman for the city you would not defend like a man.”
--
Seven years ago, on a scale not quite as grandiose as the events that unfolded in Iberia in 1492, a pretentious rajah – historically the inheritor of the Muslim outpost of Maynilad – also gave up his throne on the banks of the Pasig River as a band of unarmed street demonstrators noisily descended on his Alhambra.
--
His son, the Datu Jinggoy, was weeping openly, and Rajah Erap was teary-eyed, as they and their entourage boarded a motor launch to the rear of their Alhambra that would take them to the relative safety of not quite North Africa, but their scruffy ancestral fiefdom of San Juan.
--
History did not record Erap’s aged mother saying anything quotable during the Teary Escape, but she could just as justifiably have uttered the same humiliating lines hurled at Boabdil in 1492: “Weep like a woman for the city you would not defend like a man.”
--
Whatever happened to Filipino Machismo so often personified – or so I am told – by Erap in his Tagalog movies? Why did he not stand his ground and defend his Alhambra to the death? What was he so afraid of from an undisciplined but unarmed mob?
--
He had his heavily armed Presidential Security Group janissaries, backed up by armored personnel carriers, who would have sent the unarmed mob scurrying for cover with a few shots fired in the air. They may have stopped being under the command of Erap after AFP Chief-of-staff Gen. Angelo Reyes had “withdrawn his support,” but surely Erap’s magic would still have worked wonders with the masa of whom the soldiers were a part...
--
By ignominiously fleeing from the seat of power, Erap gave the Supreme Court the excuse to concoct what only Filipino lawyers could have invented, namely that he had “constructively resigned” from the presidency, thus justifying swearing in his vice-president, Gloria Arroyo, as the new president.
--
Barely five months later, in May 2001, another unarmed mob descended on Erap’s former Alhambra , egged on by the likes of Juan Ponce Enrile and Miriam Defensor-Santiago, this time seeking the “constructive resignation” of Gloria.
--
But unlike the easily frightened Rajah Erap, the steely-nerved Gloria, who has all the intimidating persona of a Girl Scout selling cookies, stood her ground and, in effect, stared the mob eyeball-to-eyeball until they blinked.
--
By hastily abandoning the seat of power without a fight in January 2001, Erap showed himself to be a coward, the exact opposite of the two-fisted Macho Man he liked to portray in his movies and, no doubt, his personal fantasies.
--
Of course, Rajah Erap was following in the footsteps of another Filipino Macho Man, Rajah Ferdinand, who famously but falsely promoted himself as the Most Decorated Filipino Soldier in World War II, with most of his medals awarded to himself decades after the War, when he was already senator……who also abandoned the seat of power without a fight in February 1986.
--
Erap says Jan. 20 2001 was the “death of democracy in the Philippines .” That would have been convincing had he stood his ground and fought heroically to the death.
--
Instead, he “weeps like a woman for the city he was not man enough to defend.” *****
--
(Email forwarded by: Mon B. Jocson-INM: Woodbridge,VA-USA)
------------------------------------oo0oo-----------------------------------

VERY INTERESTING!
--
In the 1400's a law was set forth in England that a man was allowed to
beat his wife with a stick no thicker than his thumb. Hence we have "the
rule of thumb"
--
Many years ago in Scotland , a new game was invented. It was ruled
"Gentlemen Only...Ladies Forbidden".. .and thus the word GOLF entered
into the English language.
--
The first couple to be shown in bed together on prime time TV were Fred
and Wilma Flintstone.
--
Every day more money is printed for Monopoly than the U.S. Treasury.
--
Men can read smaller print than women can; women can hear better.
--
Coca-Cola was originally green.
--
It is impossible to lick your elbow.
--
The State with the highest percentage of people who walk to work:
Alaska
--
The percentage of Africa that is wilderness: 28%.
--
The percentage of North America that is wilderness: 38%
--
The cost of raising a medium-size dog to the age of eleven: $ 16,400
--
The average number of people airborne over the U.S. in any given hour:
61,000
--
Intelligent people have more zinc and copper in their hair.
--
The first novel ever written on a typewriter: Tom Sawyer.
--
The San Francisco Cable cars are the only mobile National Monuments.
--
Each king in a deck of playing cards represents a great king from
history:
--
Spades - King David
Hearts - Charlemagne
Clubs -Alexander, the Great
Diamonds - Julius Caesar
--
111,111,111 x 111,111,111 = 12,345,678,987, 654,321
--
If a statue in the park of a person on a horse has both front legs in
the air, the person died in battle. If the horse has one front leg in
the air the person died as a result of wounds received in battle. If the
horse has all four legs on the ground, the person died of natural
causes.
--
Only two people signed the Declaration of Independence on July 4th, John
Hancock and Charles Thomson. Most of the rest signed on August 2, but
the last signature wasn't added until 5 years later.
--
Q. Half of all Americans live within 50 miles of what?
-A. Their birthplace
--
Q. Most boat owners name their boats. What is the most popular boat name
requested?
-A. Obsession
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Q. If you were to spell out numbers, how far would you have to go until
you would find the letter "A"?
-A. One thousand
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Q. What do bulletproof vests, fire escapes, windshield wipers, and laser
printers all have in common?
-A. All were invented by women.
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Q. What is the only food that doesn't spoil?
-A. Honey
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Q. Which day are there more collect calls than any other day of the
year?
-A. Father's Day
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In Shakespeare' s time, mattresses were secured on bed frames by ropes.
When you pulled on the ropes the mattress tightened, making the bed
firmer to sleep on. Hence the phrase...... ... "goodnight, sleep tight."
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It was the accepted practice in Babylon 4,000 years ago that for a month
after the wedding, the bride's father would supply his son-in-law with
all the mead he could drink. Mead is a honey beer and because their
calendar was lunar based, this period was called the honey month, which
we know today as the honeymoon.
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In English pubs, ale is ordered by pints and quarts... So in old England
, when customers got unruly, the bartender would yell at them "Mind your
pints and quarts, and settle down."
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It's where we get the phrase "mind your P's and Q's"
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Many years ago in England , pub frequenters had a whistle baked into the
rim, or handle, of their ceramic cups. When they needed a refill, they
used the whistle to get some service. "Wet your whistle" is the phrase
inspired by this practice.
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At least 75% of people who read this will try to lick their elbow!
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Don't delete this just because it looks weird. Believe it or not, you
can read it.
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I cdnuolt blveiee taht I cluod aulaclty uesdnatnrd waht I was rdanieg.
The phaonmneal pweor of the hmuan mnid Aoccdrnig to rscheearch at
Cmabrigde Uinervtisy, it deosn't mttaer in waht oredr the ltteers in a
wrod are, the olny iprmoatnt tihng is taht the frist and lsat ltteer be
in the rghit pclae. The rset can be a taotl mses and you can sitll raed
it wouthit a porbelm. Tihs is bcuseae the huamn mnid deos not raed ervey
lteter by istlef, but the wrod as a wlohe. Amzanig huh?
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(Email forwarded by: Ms. Laura Diago-INM: Southfield,MI-USA)
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