Ang Republika Federal sg Kabisay-an (The Federal Republic of the Visayas)

Historical Facts obviously omitted or deliberately hidden in our School History Books
(Source: History Reborn"The Federal Republic of the Visayas" -by: dinggol a.divinagracia*June 12, 2007)

*That Spain had already formally surrendered to the Federal Republic of the Visayas even before Gen. Emilio Aguinaldo was proclaimed Philippine President in Malolos, Bulacan on January 23, 1899. That our Independent Visayan Republic, had never been under the authority and jurisdiction of Aguinaldo's "Katagalogan" Republic in Luzon.

excerpted: "...A paper written by Jose Manuel Velmonte, a research associate at the UP Third World Studies Center, found that the Visayan revolutionary elites not only had sophisticated political ideas but also resented attempts by Malolos to assert its authority. A Tagalog military expedition sent by Malolos to Panay to assert its presence was met with hostility. The Luzon force led by Generals Ananias Diocno and Leandro Fullon was regarded by the Visayan revolutionaries, led by the Visayan supremo, Gen. Martin Delgado, as an ''invasion'' force ..." (Source: Inquirer-1999- 06-13 "View of revolt in provinces spurs revision" By: Amando Doronila)

According to Dr. Luis C.Dery, an eminent Filipino Scholar: "Expounding the extent of Aguinaldo's Philippine Army; the Bangsamoro nation's Mindanao, Sulu, and the rest of its islands never fell under Aguinaldo's politico-military control and sovereignty. In fact as late as August 1898 much of northern Luzon, southern Luzon, the Visayas, and Mindanao remained outside of the control of Aguinaldo's Republic. Thus, several military expeditions were sent to these places to bring' them to recognize the First Philippine Republic."

*That the 1898 Treaty of Paris preliminaries, should not have included territories of the sovereign "Visayan Nation"; the confederation of both the Central and Western Visayas Cantonal Governments by virtue of Spain's formal surrender prior to this U.S. and Spain treaty of peace (Paris) and the $20-million buy-out. Spain had no more legal rights to sell. In legal parlance "nemodat quod non habet” -meaning “you cannot give what is not yours”.

This diplomatic "Faux pas" that was supposed to be officially consummated and became legal and internationally binding only on APRIL 11, 1899 should, or rather must be rectified.
*June 12, 1898 -Gen. Emilio Aguinaldo proclaimed Philippine Independence from Spain in Kawit, Cavite --but never won the war against Spain, as explained in the infamous betrayal --the "Mock Battle of Manila of August 13, 1898".

*Nov. 6 & Dec. 23, 1898 -Spain formally surrendered to both; the Negros Republic that merged (Dec. 2, 1898) with the Federal Republic of the Visayas based in Iloilo (respectively)

excerpted: "...These two nations, from a purely legal point of view, are COMPLETELY LEGITIMATE UNTIL TODAY. This could imply that the Manila-based Tagalista-oriented Unitarian central government of the Philippines in the Visayas and Mindanao is an Occupational Government, that ultimately originated from an invalid Treaty of Paris...."

Dr. Jose P. Dacudao; National President -Save Our Languages thru Federalism Foundation (SOLFED), Inc.

*July 4, 1946 -The United States of America granted Philippine Independence on a silver platter with strings attached.

"True Independence could never be just self-proclaimed nor bestowed upon, it has to be won and duly achieved with dignity" -- dinggol araneta divinagracia (Founder: Ilonggo Nation Movement (INM) Global Network ..Dec. 25, 2005)

*A lover of nature and reform activities by profession; a genealogist and environmentalist by avocation. A Cooperative Movement advocate, history buff and an amateur "newbie" writer)

"It is rather speculative as it is without basis of history if we mean of "history" is that which had been written for us by the "tutas" or lackeys of our colonial and imperial masters.." -- Benjie Evicner Estuche (INM Co-Founder)

The Cooperative Movement-"It is not the best way, it is the onlyway"..
Join the Last Laugh with us!

*When Christopher Columbus said that the world is round, people asked -What? and then they laughed.

*When the Wright brothers said they'll fly and soar the skies, people asked -How? and then they laughed.

*When Jules Verne wrote someday man could travel below the seven seas and shall walk on the moon, people asked - When? and then they laughed.

*When John the Baptist prophesied the coming of the Messiah, people asked -Who? and then they laughed.

*When the Ilonggo Nation Movement (INM) Global Network announced its mission and vision, people did not even bother to ask, What? How? When? or Who? --They just laughed and laughed. *People are still laughing, ...but the laughter is fading!

ang inyo alagad... sa guihapon ...dinggol a. divinagracia~~~

email address:

To join! As a start, visit FACEBOOK: Ilonggo Nation Movement website .. (Non-ilonggos who share our advocacy are welcome)

"ACTA DE CAPITULACION~1898" (The Formal Surrender Document)

"ACTA DE CAPITULACION~1898" (The Formal Surrender Document)
*Nov. 6 & Dec. 23, 1898 -Spain formally surrendered to both; the Negros Republic that merged (Dec. 2, 1898) with the Federal Republic of the Visayas based in Iloilo (respectively)
Ergo! we won our battle-scarred freedom and legitimate independence and became a sovereign nation. The "First" Republic in the whole of Asia, but was nipped-in-the bud by the ugly Americans. A diplomatic faux pas, a political blunder and a travesty of history! --dinggol.d~~~


Claim Your Birth Right!

*Estado Federal de Bisayas*

*Ilonggo Nation Movement (INM) Global Network, precursor of the Ilonggo Nation Global Federation*

“To appreciate where you are now, you should know where you came from.”

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Tuesday, August 14, 2012

The Revolutionary Hero in the Province of Antique  

(By: DinggolAranetaDivinagracia - IlonggoNationMovement) ​ 

GEN. LEANDRO LOCSIN FULLON was born on March 13, 1877 in Hamtic, Antique. He was a young student at the Colegio de San Juan de Letran in Manila, when the revolution against Spain broke out in 1896. Shortly before the revolutionary government was being organized by Gen. Emilio Aguinaldo, he joined the Katipunan.

On September 6, 1898, he returned to Antique as Head of the expeditionary forces to Panay sent by Aguinaldo with 140 revolutionary officers and 350 men. Upon his arrival in Pandan, Antique on September 21, many Antiqueño volunteers joined his forces.

Gen. Leandro Fullon established a revolutionary government in Pandan and in the neighboring town of Culasi with election of their local officials. On Nov. 22, 1898, Fullon's forces captured the Antique provincial capital of San Jose de Buenavista and a Revolutionary Provincial Government was formed with the following officials: Angel Salazar-Governor, Santos Capadocia-ViceGovernor, Anacleto Villavert Jimenez and Jose Fontanilla-Councilor of Justice, Anselmo Alicante-Councilor of Internal Revenue and Vicente Gella-Representative to Malolos Congress.

The revolucionarios he led, also encountered several fierce battles against the Spanish forces in the towns of San Miguel, Pavia and in the outskirts of Jaro in Iloilo City . More notably, the battle of Oton to Arevalo together with Gen. Angel Corteza and Gen. Pablo Araneta both of Molo, Iloilo City; where he was honored as having fired the "first shot". When the revolutionary government in the Visayas was later organized, he was appointed the Politico-Military Governor of Antique.

When the U.S. forces invaded Iloilo on February 11, 1899, Gen. Leandro L. Fullon joined in the resistance together with his cousin Gen. Pablo S. Araneta and other ilonggo revolutionary leaders of the Estado Federal de Bisayas.

In the early part of 1900, he returned to Antique to continue the struggle for freedom and independence against the new foreign invaders. After his forces became weakened due to heavy casualties, battle losses and weary of war and poorly armed, they were soon overwhelmed by the new and well-armed enemy. And on March 22, 1901 he was forced to surrender.

After the civil government was organized by the American regime, he was appointed Provincial Governor of Antique, a post that he held until his death in Oct. 16, 1904.

Antiqueños honor Gen. Leandro Locsin Fullon at the National Shrine where his equestrian life-size statue was erected on top of his tomb in the land of his birth, Hamtic --in the Province of Antique, Philippines. ~~~

Footnote:(Early History * Genealogy)
Rev. Juan Sayson Locsin, (third son of Agustin "Sin Lok" Locsin) who became the "Cura Parroco" of Bugasong, Antique in 1834 fathered Lucio Locsin (Gobernadorcillo of Tibiao, Antique) and Dionisia Locsin (married to Leon Solis). Lucio who died in 1893 at age 90 has a natural son named Mariano Locsin, the father of Justa Locsin who married Justo Fullon.
Justo and Justa Locsin-Fullon settled in Hamtic, Antique where their children were born; namely: Leandro, Baltazara, Luisa and Jose (Retired as School Supervisor).
The Revolutionary hero of Antique Gen. Leandro Locsin Fullon has a daughter in Manila named Paz who married Roberto Pacificador of the Rentas Internas. They are the forebears of the Pacificador-Locsin clan in the province of Antique.

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