Ang Republika Federal sg Kabisay-an (The Federal Republic of the Visayas)

Historical Facts obviously omitted or deliberately hidden in our School History Books
(Source: History Reborn"The Federal Republic of the Visayas" -by: dinggol a.divinagracia*June 12, 2007)

*That Spain had already formally surrendered to the Federal Republic of the Visayas even before Gen. Emilio Aguinaldo was proclaimed Philippine President in Malolos, Bulacan on January 23, 1899. That our Independent Visayan Republic, had never been under the authority and jurisdiction of Aguinaldo's "Katagalogan" Republic in Luzon.

excerpted: "...A paper written by Jose Manuel Velmonte, a research associate at the UP Third World Studies Center, found that the Visayan revolutionary elites not only had sophisticated political ideas but also resented attempts by Malolos to assert its authority. A Tagalog military expedition sent by Malolos to Panay to assert its presence was met with hostility. The Luzon force led by Generals Ananias Diocno and Leandro Fullon was regarded by the Visayan revolutionaries, led by the Visayan supremo, Gen. Martin Delgado, as an ''invasion'' force ..." (Source: Inquirer-1999- 06-13 "View of revolt in provinces spurs revision" By: Amando Doronila)

According to Dr. Luis C.Dery, an eminent Filipino Scholar: "Expounding the extent of Aguinaldo's Philippine Army; the Bangsamoro nation's Mindanao, Sulu, and the rest of its islands never fell under Aguinaldo's politico-military control and sovereignty. In fact as late as August 1898 much of northern Luzon, southern Luzon, the Visayas, and Mindanao remained outside of the control of Aguinaldo's Republic. Thus, several military expeditions were sent to these places to bring' them to recognize the First Philippine Republic."

*That the 1898 Treaty of Paris preliminaries, should not have included territories of the sovereign "Visayan Nation"; the confederation of both the Central and Western Visayas Cantonal Governments by virtue of Spain's formal surrender prior to this U.S. and Spain treaty of peace (Paris) and the $20-million buy-out. Spain had no more legal rights to sell. In legal parlance "nemodat quod non habet” -meaning “you cannot give what is not yours”.

This diplomatic "Faux pas" that was supposed to be officially consummated and became legal and internationally binding only on APRIL 11, 1899 should, or rather must be rectified.
*June 12, 1898 -Gen. Emilio Aguinaldo proclaimed Philippine Independence from Spain in Kawit, Cavite --but never won the war against Spain, as explained in the infamous betrayal --the "Mock Battle of Manila of August 13, 1898".

*Nov. 6 & Dec. 23, 1898 -Spain formally surrendered to both; the Negros Republic that merged (Dec. 2, 1898) with the Federal Republic of the Visayas based in Iloilo (respectively)

excerpted: "...These two nations, from a purely legal point of view, are COMPLETELY LEGITIMATE UNTIL TODAY. This could imply that the Manila-based Tagalista-oriented Unitarian central government of the Philippines in the Visayas and Mindanao is an Occupational Government, that ultimately originated from an invalid Treaty of Paris...."

Dr. Jose P. Dacudao; National President -Save Our Languages thru Federalism Foundation (SOLFED), Inc.

*July 4, 1946 -The United States of America granted Philippine Independence on a silver platter with strings attached.

"True Independence could never be just self-proclaimed nor bestowed upon, it has to be won and duly achieved with dignity" -- dinggol araneta divinagracia (Founder: Ilonggo Nation Movement (INM) Global Network ..Dec. 25, 2005)

*A lover of nature and reform activities by profession; a genealogist and environmentalist by avocation. A Cooperative Movement advocate, history buff and an amateur "newbie" writer)

"It is rather speculative as it is without basis of history if we mean of "history" is that which had been written for us by the "tutas" or lackeys of our colonial and imperial masters.." -- Benjie Evicner Estuche (INM Co-Founder)

The Cooperative Movement-"It is not the best way, it is the onlyway"..
Join the Last Laugh with us!

*When Christopher Columbus said that the world is round, people asked -What? and then they laughed.

*When the Wright brothers said they'll fly and soar the skies, people asked -How? and then they laughed.

*When Jules Verne wrote someday man could travel below the seven seas and shall walk on the moon, people asked - When? and then they laughed.

*When John the Baptist prophesied the coming of the Messiah, people asked -Who? and then they laughed.

*When the Ilonggo Nation Movement (INM) Global Network announced its mission and vision, people did not even bother to ask, What? How? When? or Who? --They just laughed and laughed. *People are still laughing, ...but the laughter is fading!

ang inyo alagad... sa guihapon ...dinggol a. divinagracia~~~

email address:

To join! As a start, visit FACEBOOK: Ilonggo Nation Movement website .. (Non-ilonggos who share our advocacy are welcome)

"ACTA DE CAPITULACION~1898" (The Formal Surrender Document)

"ACTA DE CAPITULACION~1898" (The Formal Surrender Document)
*Nov. 6 & Dec. 23, 1898 -Spain formally surrendered to both; the Negros Republic that merged (Dec. 2, 1898) with the Federal Republic of the Visayas based in Iloilo (respectively)
Ergo! we won our battle-scarred freedom and legitimate independence and became a sovereign nation. The "First" Republic in the whole of Asia, but was nipped-in-the bud by the ugly Americans. A diplomatic faux pas, a political blunder and a travesty of history! --dinggol.d~~~


Claim Your Birth Right!

*Estado Federal de Bisayas*

*Ilonggo Nation Movement (INM) Global Network, precursor of the Ilonggo Nation Global Federation*

“To appreciate where you are now, you should know where you came from.”

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Thursday, June 25, 2009

The Divinagracias of Dumangas

(By: Dinggol Araneta Divinagracia - June 15, 2009)
This article is written as a tribute to our early ancestors for their bold decision and pioneering spirit that eventually led to the founding of a once upon a time great "Ilonggo" nation; the "Katiringban et Madya-as" or the Confederation of Madya-as.
Likewise, this is prepared in conjunction with the sincere endeavor of my sister Ma. Lina Araneta Divinagracia. Lina actively spearheaded the celebration of the "First" Divinagracia Family Grand Reunion on April 29-30, 2010 in Iloilo, Philippines; a "Going Back to our Roots and Coming Together as One"-- --
The Early History * Genealogy
The Divinagracias of Dumangas, Iloilo (Philippines) are descended from the adventurous seafaring Malays of Kinabatangan in North Borneo. The Maragtas legend explained and the ancient Chinese Ming Dynasty Chronicle confirmed; that sometime between the 13th and 15th century, ten (10) Shri-vijayan datus together with their families, households and subordinates fled Bornay (Borneo) in search of a new life.
Led by the Sultanate Minister Datu Putih they sailed their "balanghai" unto uncertain fate and landed in Siruanga/Sirawagan (San Joaquin-Iloilo) in the island of Aninipay (Panay). They bartered their gold and jewelries with the local "Ati" Chieftain Marikudo for the lowlands, plains and valleys of the island they called "Madya-as" or paradise. The land where time began the birth of the Ilonggo Nation and the cradle of ancient Filipino civilization.
After partitioning Madya-as into Akean (Aklan and Capiz), Irong-irong (Iloilo) and Hamtic (Antique) to be ruled by Datu Bankaya, Paiburong and Sumakwel respectively; Datu Putih and the other tribal leaders settled along the banks of the river by the sea with rich, fertile soil and abundant marine products and they called the place "Araut".
Thereafter, the council of elders established the "Katiringban et Madya-as" or the Confederation of Madya-as headed by Datu Sumakwel. This confederated political form of governance preceded great nations in Europe and the Americas, including the USA.
Excerpted from: Chronology of the Ancient Chinese Ming Dynasty and Islamic Influences by Ghou Zhongli.
"...1433 AD - A Seven-Datu-Council codified the Code of Kalantiaw (by Kalantiaw) and the Maragtas Code (by Sumakwel) for the people of Panay Island; Three Adatus from the original ten who came to Panay left for Batangas and Mindoro; Datu Putih was one of them but eventually returned to North Borneo from where no trace of him was found...."
Years later, one of his Malay grandson Raja-mun together with his family left Araut and settled in Kaputatan (Pototan-Iloilo); while his closest brother Raja-il stayed behind. Historians believed that when the Spaniards first came during the hot summer of 1565, they found the "noble bearing" Malay settlers in Araut to be warm-hearted, friendly and hospitable. Thus, they renamed Araut "Dumangas" (Naga duga ang mangas)..-which means "Very warm" There are other interpretations on how Dumangas got its present name.
Excerpted from Jose Rizal's essay "The Indolence of the Filipinos" originally written in Spanish and published in La Solidaridad on September 15, 1890 (English translation by Charles Derbyshire.
"..Part Three"...Wherefore, Gaspar de San Agustin says: "Although anciently there were in this town of Dumangas many people, in the course of time they have very greatly diminished because the natives are the best sailors and most skillful rowers on the whole coast, and so the governors in the port of Iloilo take most of the people from this town for the ships that they send abroad..."
To facilitate governmental administrative functions; primarily the collection of taxes and because native names did not favor the ignorant ears and indolent tongues of the Spanish conquistadores, Governor General Don Narciso Claveria y Zaldua issued an Executive Edict on November 21, 1849; that forced our complacent ancestors to change their names and adopted the surname "Divinagracia".
The first recorded Divinagracia, that I know was Don Ruperto Divinagracia , the third Gobernadorcillo "Alcalde naturales" of Dumangas --who I postulated as the father of Crisostomo Alarcon Divinagracia and his siblings.
Crisostomo popularly known as "Capitan Omong" married Lucia "Siyay" Dolar. Both belong to the landed gentry in Dumangas. They have twelve(12) children, namely: Lino, Eulalio, Angela, Veronica, Jose, Exequiel, Tomas, Felomina, Eulalia, Felipe, Mateo and Ignacia. "Tan Omong" the Capitan Municipal of the Principalia and tax collector for the Spanish authorities, was well-respected and loved by the town folks. So that his poor "kasimanwas" be spared from conscription or forced labor, either to work in the haciendas of encomienderos and frailes or construction of churches, he would oftentimes pay on their behalf cartloads of his own palay harvest.
His generosity was well known and considered providential by early Dumangueños, a "Divine Grace" ---that earned him the appropriate family name "DIVINAGRACIA". Interestingly, "Tan Omongs" sister Felipa Divinagracia was also married to Lucias brother, Gabriel Dolar. They are the children of "Cabeza" Don Pedro Dolar and Ignacia Diamante of the "Cabeceria del Santa Cruz" colloquially called "Barrio Lublub" ---presently named the "Barangay Purificacion Dolar Monfort North".. Gabriel and Felipa Divinagracia-Dolar have five (5) children: Mariano, Urbano, Mathias, Vicenta and Brigida.
At the turn of the 19th century, Crisostomos' brother Juan A. Divinagracia left Dumangas to venture in Manila. While some of his descendants came back, others spread in the CALABARZON AREA of Cavite, Laguna, Batangas, Rizal and Quezon(Tayabas) Province; the Bicol Region and other parts of Luzon.
His other brother Jose Gregorio A. Divinagracia also left Dumangas and settled permanently in Lapaz and later served as "Oficial del Municipeo". The Divinagracia Street (Barangay Divinagracia) in Lapaz, Iloilo City was named after him. He has four sons; Rafael, Gerardo, Jose and Francisco. Rafael join the successful 1898 revolution against Spanish colonialism and later fought against U.S. invasion of Iloilo. He fled to Luzon when the Federal Republic of the Visayas based in Iloilo fizzled-out due to American forces more superior weaponry. The last leader of the sovereign Visayan Republic( the first in Asia) to surrender was Gen. Quintin Dicen Salas of Dumangas. During the late 1960s' , I got acquainted with Gerardo "Gerry" Divinagracia from Lapaz while we were both connected with an Insurance Company. He related to me his ancestor came from Dumangas but the family consider themselves "tumandok sang Lapaz" and that they have many relatives in northern and central Iloilo, Capiz,, Negros and Cebu. It is regretable we never talked curiously about our common ancestry.
According to the late Jose "Junior Bina" Divinagracia of the Iloilo Bureau of Customs, his grandfather and namesake was a soldier of fortune who eventually became Mayor in Mindanao. If senior intellectual interlude serves me right, it was a Municipeo in the old Cotabato Province. Some of Mayor Divinagracia's descendants returned to Iloilo while others stayed permanently in Cotabato; sub-divided on July 15, 1903 (Act No.787) into (North) Cotabato, South Cotabato, Maguindanao, Sultan Kudarat and Sarangani.-----still other descendants transferred to Bukidnon, Davao, Zamboanga and other areas in the south.
Francisco Divinagracia married Casimira Gumabong and settled in the Gumabong's family estate located near the present boundary of Molo and City Proper. They have seven (7) children, namely: Leopoldo, Pamfilo, Francisco, Daniel, Nehemias, Leoncia and Samson.
During the early part of the 1900s, Francisco Divinagracia, dubbed as Iloilo's "Calesa King" gave-up his lucrative horse-driven transport business to enter the religious order. He actively participated in many missionary works conducted by the protestant congregation in the hinterlands of the Visayas. Francisco Divinagracia has the distinction as the first Filipino to be ordained Minister of the Baptist Church in the Philippines.
(Nota bene: The subject of (early) genealogy is not an exact science. Therefore; changes and revisions may occur, as new data with concrete evidence in antiquity are discovered and formally presented hereinafter.)
Acknowledgement:I wish to acknowledge the invaluable contributions provided directly or indirectly by Fred, Pol and Louie, all surnamed Divinagracia. Salamat gid!
It should be noted, that Genealogical Diagram (family tree) of our early Divinagracia ancestors are presently being procured and up-dated. Thanks! to Emilie Roldan Divinagracia-Riviere and Paolo Divinagracia-Araneta Evidente who are both enthusiastic to facilitate for posterity this noble undertaking "Gratis et Amore". Go to
Divinagracia clan members are invited to join moderated by Ann Roldan Divinagracia for up-dates on the impending First Grand Family Reunion. Enjoy social networking with relatives at initiated by Claudine"Din-Din"Divinagracia-Araneta Masilongan and Ramon "Nonoy" Duremdes,Jr.
Likewise, visit the official family website at: created and monitored by Andrew"Andoy" Divinagracia-Araneta Evidente (Divinagracia Family Logo Designer) ---so that the brotherhood of our ancestors may continue to future generations.
Padayon! ang kaliwat Divinagracia sang Dumangas..."Magtipon kag Mag-ugyon" ...PADAYON!!!~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~oo0oo~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

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