Ang Republika Federal sg Kabisay-an (The Federal Republic of the Visayas)

Historical Facts obviously omitted or deliberately hidden in our School History Books
(Source: History Reborn"The Federal Republic of the Visayas" -by: dinggol a.divinagracia*June 12, 2007)

*That Spain had already formally surrendered to the Federal Republic of the Visayas even before Gen. Emilio Aguinaldo was proclaimed Philippine President in Malolos, Bulacan on January 23, 1899. That our Independent Visayan Republic, had never been under the authority and jurisdiction of Aguinaldo's "Katagalogan" Republic in Luzon.

excerpted: "...A paper written by Jose Manuel Velmonte, a research associate at the UP Third World Studies Center, found that the Visayan revolutionary elites not only had sophisticated political ideas but also resented attempts by Malolos to assert its authority. A Tagalog military expedition sent by Malolos to Panay to assert its presence was met with hostility. The Luzon force led by Generals Ananias Diocno and Leandro Fullon was regarded by the Visayan revolutionaries, led by the Visayan supremo, Gen. Martin Delgado, as an ''invasion'' force ..." (Source: Inquirer-1999- 06-13 "View of revolt in provinces spurs revision" By: Amando Doronila)

According to Dr. Luis C.Dery, an eminent Filipino Scholar: "Expounding the extent of Aguinaldo's Philippine Army; the Bangsamoro nation's Mindanao, Sulu, and the rest of its islands never fell under Aguinaldo's politico-military control and sovereignty. In fact as late as August 1898 much of northern Luzon, southern Luzon, the Visayas, and Mindanao remained outside of the control of Aguinaldo's Republic. Thus, several military expeditions were sent to these places to bring' them to recognize the First Philippine Republic."

*That the 1898 Treaty of Paris preliminaries, should not have included territories of the sovereign "Visayan Nation"; the confederation of both the Central and Western Visayas Cantonal Governments by virtue of Spain's formal surrender prior to this U.S. and Spain treaty of peace (Paris) and the $20-million buy-out. Spain had no more legal rights to sell. In legal parlance "nemodat quod non habet” -meaning “you cannot give what is not yours”.

This diplomatic "Faux pas" that was supposed to be officially consummated and became legal and internationally binding only on APRIL 11, 1899 should, or rather must be rectified.
*June 12, 1898 -Gen. Emilio Aguinaldo proclaimed Philippine Independence from Spain in Kawit, Cavite --but never won the war against Spain, as explained in the infamous betrayal --the "Mock Battle of Manila of August 13, 1898".

*Nov. 6 & Dec. 23, 1898 -Spain formally surrendered to both; the Negros Republic that merged (Dec. 2, 1898) with the Federal Republic of the Visayas based in Iloilo (respectively)

excerpted: "...These two nations, from a purely legal point of view, are COMPLETELY LEGITIMATE UNTIL TODAY. This could imply that the Manila-based Tagalista-oriented Unitarian central government of the Philippines in the Visayas and Mindanao is an Occupational Government, that ultimately originated from an invalid Treaty of Paris...."

Dr. Jose P. Dacudao; National President -Save Our Languages thru Federalism Foundation (SOLFED), Inc.

*July 4, 1946 -The United States of America granted Philippine Independence on a silver platter with strings attached.

"True Independence could never be just self-proclaimed nor bestowed upon, it has to be won and duly achieved with dignity" -- dinggol araneta divinagracia (Founder: Ilonggo Nation Movement (INM) Global Network ..Dec. 25, 2005)

*A lover of nature and reform activities by profession; a genealogist and environmentalist by avocation. A Cooperative Movement advocate, history buff and an amateur "newbie" writer)

"It is rather speculative as it is without basis of history if we mean of "history" is that which had been written for us by the "tutas" or lackeys of our colonial and imperial masters.." -- Benjie Evicner Estuche (INM Co-Founder)

The Cooperative Movement-"It is not the best way, it is the onlyway"..
Join the Last Laugh with us!

*When Christopher Columbus said that the world is round, people asked -What? and then they laughed.

*When the Wright brothers said they'll fly and soar the skies, people asked -How? and then they laughed.

*When Jules Verne wrote someday man could travel below the seven seas and shall walk on the moon, people asked - When? and then they laughed.

*When John the Baptist prophesied the coming of the Messiah, people asked -Who? and then they laughed.

*When the Ilonggo Nation Movement (INM) Global Network announced its mission and vision, people did not even bother to ask, What? How? When? or Who? --They just laughed and laughed. *People are still laughing, ...but the laughter is fading!

ang inyo alagad... sa guihapon ...dinggol a. divinagracia~~~

email address:

To join! As a start, visit FACEBOOK: Ilonggo Nation Movement website .. (Non-ilonggos who share our advocacy are welcome)

"ACTA DE CAPITULACION~1898" (The Formal Surrender Document)

"ACTA DE CAPITULACION~1898" (The Formal Surrender Document)
*Nov. 6 & Dec. 23, 1898 -Spain formally surrendered to both; the Negros Republic that merged (Dec. 2, 1898) with the Federal Republic of the Visayas based in Iloilo (respectively)
Ergo! we won our battle-scarred freedom and legitimate independence and became a sovereign nation. The "First" Republic in the whole of Asia, but was nipped-in-the bud by the ugly Americans. A diplomatic faux pas, a political blunder and a travesty of history! --dinggol.d~~~


Claim Your Birth Right!

*Estado Federal de Bisayas*

*Ilonggo Nation Movement (INM) Global Network, precursor of the Ilonggo Nation Global Federation*

“To appreciate where you are now, you should know where you came from.”

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Tuesday, December 17, 2013

The Moro Peoples' Conflict, the Ilonggos and Deuterium

The Moro Peoples' Conflict, the Ilonggos, and Deuterium
(By: dinggol araneta divinagracia - Ilonggo Nation Movement)

Long before "Kamikaze" zero fighter planes hovered over the horizon during the last stages of ww2 and even much earlier before todays "Jihadist" martyrs resorted to suicide bombings; our Muslim brothers in the south, fighting to defend their cultural identity and to preserve their religious patrimony had already instilled fear in the heart of the infidels --because of the brave and determined "Huramentados".

It took the invention of Colt 45's knocking power during US war of conquest in Mindanao at the turn of the last century, led by Gen. John "Black Jack" Pershing, to neutralize waves of attack by these fanatical moro holy warriors.

In the 1950's --with the governments "Land for the Landless" program during the CIA-backed Presidency of Ramon Magsaysay, a great number of Christian settlers from Ilocandia; the Hukbalahap veterans of Central Luzon; and the Ilonggo-Cebuano Bisayans emigrated to the "Land of Promise".

Thereafter, an uprising that broke out in 1948 with a few hundred men led by Tausog leader "Kamlon" of Sulu escalated into a full blown rebellion. After the loss of so many lives and destruction of so many properties, but due they say, to old age he just faded into oblivion. Others believed his close friend Jose "Bano" Escribano, the Ilonggo Mayor of Tacurong, Cotabato later was able to appease the brave old Muslim Rebel.

Peace reigned in Mindanao and the multinational giants; Dole Philippines, Firestone Rubber Company, Etc. were later established that generated jobs by the thousands. Earlier B.F. Goodrich started operations in 1919, Del Monte through a subsidiary in 1925, and Goodyear in 1929. These big companies then owned lands by the thousands of hectares.

Going back to the government transistion period in 1935. Commonwealth Act No. 141 was signed into law by President Manuel L. Quezon --Section 84 declared all ancestral lands in Mindanao as public lands.

The Moros and other ethnic groups were deprived of lands once owned by their ancestors. A Moro may own only 4-hectares; a Christian settler was allowed to own 24-hectares while Filipino Corporations of up to 1,024-hectares.

The smart alecks, both foreign and local were then able to legally convert ancestral domains into dynastic corporate empires and they became the new breed of oligarchy --the modern day illustrados that eventually controlled the economy and political scene in Mindanao.

In the early 1960's --massive rampage against families of peaceful Christian settlers in the south were systematically conducted by the "Black Shirts" and later by the notorious "Barracudas"; the group of Muslim seccessionists under the Muslim/Mindanao Independence Movement (MIM) formed by Datu Udtog Matalam in Central Mindanao.

To protect themselves, these early Christian settlers led by the magnificent seven (7) Ilonggo Mayors of Central Mindanao organized themselves into what turned out to be the most dreaded "anti-moro" group of them all the "ILAGA" (Ilonggo for Rat). The Ilaga group was founded sometime in September of 1970,  in Cotabato City, by Ilonggo Mayors, namely: Nicolas Dequiña of Midsayap, Wenceslao Dela Cerna of Alamada,  Pacifico Dela Cerna of Libungan, Bonifacio Tejada of Mlang, Conrado Lemana of Tulunan, Jose Escribano of Tacurong, and Esteban Doruelo of Pigcawayan.

Col. Carlos B. Cajelo of Barotac Nuevo, Iloilo aided by Capt. Manuel Tronco of Janiuay nurtured the Ilaga Movement.

Feliciano Luces with nom-de-guere "Kumander Toothpick'; an obscure simple and peaceful farmer from the Province of Antique, later became the most dreaded Ilaga leader of them all. He and his minions of followers, believed they were invincible by the power of "Anting-anting" or amulets they wear. With the group of Norberto Manero, Jr. of Janiuay, Iloilo, his wife Leonarda "Kumander Inday" Lacson; the brutality pertetuated by these Ilaga members in treating their adversaries gained them utmost notoriety.

In the 1972 election, Col. Carlos B. Cajelo defeated Datu Udtog Matalam as Governor of Cotabato in Central Mindanao; and served as the longest elected governor of the province for 12 years.

During the late 1960's, the clandestine "Operation Merdeka"; Malacanangs' grand plan to destablize and take over Sabah from the Malaysians, using the Jabidah Special Forces was concieved. Maj. Eduardo Martelino of Kalibo, Aklan an articulate and dashing Army officer of the Office of Civil Affairs under the DND was tasked to head the core group that planned and implemented the project. He was a graduate of the Infantry School in Fort Benning in the U.S. and the Defense Information School of the U.S. Armed Forces, the precursor of the psychological warfare school of Fort Bragg. Maj. Eddie Martelino then settled in Simunol Island in Tawi Tawi, Sulu; purportedly converted into Islam as "Abdul Latif"; married a young local lass and named after her the recruitment and training camp for Jabidah Special Forces - "Camp Sofia".

In March of 1968, the massacre of at least 23 Jabidah trainees on Corregidor island for the Sabah Mission sparked another Muslim rebellion and gave birth to the Moro National Liberation Front (MNLF) led by University of the Philippines Professor Nurullaji "Nur" Misuari and other young Muslim Intellectuals who disregarded the traditional muslim elitist leaders.

Once again, the south turned red in the ensuing battles between government forces and the MNLF. To supplement the AFP, Malacanang directed the creation of the dreaded "Lost Command" composed mostly of undesirables and para-military groups of ilonggo mercenaries under the command of Col. Carlos Palabrica "Ladi" Lademora of Iloilo. Col. Lademora's Lost Command exploits in unorthodox guerrilla warfare that was feared not only in Mindanao; was dismantled after the Marcos regime.

In the early 1990's, Abdurajak Abubakar Janjalani of Basilan, whose ilongga mother was from the town of Miag-ao in the Province of Iloilo became the principal founder of the Abu Sayyaf Group, a radical Muslim organization with links to Al Queda. He was a student of a fundamentalist imam in a Muslim community in the Christian city of Zamboanga when he joined the mujahaddins to fight in Afghanistan. When he died in an encounter a few years ago, his brother Kadaffy took over leadership of the ASG but was also allegedly killed later.

Today, history repeats itself in Morolandia. News report confirms the on-going war that sadly reveal AFP tragic soldiers on the losing end not necessarily because of inferior armaments but mainly due to series of error in judgement committed by their superior military officers. It likewise, exposed the suspected ulterior motives of some high ranking local government officials for economic advantage. Thus, Senate Probe in this regard is in progress.

But what is alarming, are reports that US Special Forces in full combat gear were sighted within the war zones which is contrary to and in violation of the existing U.S.-Philippine Visiting Forces Agreement or VFA.

Skeptics say, we may not have enough black gold or fossilized oil deposit to warrant foreign intervention. But perhaps, the rich "Deuterium" deposit, the fuel of the future that is in abundance beneath the ocean floor of the Visayan Seas that connects to the Mindanao Deep could be the magnet to justify the next venue of a full scale war against global terrorism in Mindanao.


(Source: INM Banwa_Mo eGroup -August 20, 2007)


Anonymous said...

If you can not be kind, at least have the decency to be vague.............................................

日日夜夜 said...


Anonymous said...

Yes! indeed, truth hurts..