Ang Republika Federal sg Kabisay-an (The Federal Republic of the Visayas)

Historical Facts obviously omitted or deliberately hidden in our School History Books
(Source: History Reborn"The Federal Republic of the Visayas" -by: dinggol a.divinagracia*June 12, 2007)

*That Spain had already formally surrendered to the Federal Republic of the Visayas even before Gen. Emilio Aguinaldo was proclaimed Philippine President in Malolos, Bulacan on January 23, 1899. That our Independent Visayan Republic, had never been under the authority and jurisdiction of Aguinaldo's "Katagalogan" Republic in Luzon.

excerpted: "...A paper written by Jose Manuel Velmonte, a research associate at the UP Third World Studies Center, found that the Visayan revolutionary elites not only had sophisticated political ideas but also resented attempts by Malolos to assert its authority. A Tagalog military expedition sent by Malolos to Panay to assert its presence was met with hostility. The Luzon force led by Generals Ananias Diocno and Leandro Fullon was regarded by the Visayan revolutionaries, led by the Visayan supremo, Gen. Martin Delgado, as an ''invasion'' force ..." (Source: Inquirer-1999- 06-13 "View of revolt in provinces spurs revision" By: Amando Doronila)

According to Dr. Luis C.Dery, an eminent Filipino Scholar: "Expounding the extent of Aguinaldo's Philippine Army; the Bangsamoro nation's Mindanao, Sulu, and the rest of its islands never fell under Aguinaldo's politico-military control and sovereignty. In fact as late as August 1898 much of northern Luzon, southern Luzon, the Visayas, and Mindanao remained outside of the control of Aguinaldo's Republic. Thus, several military expeditions were sent to these places to bring' them to recognize the First Philippine Republic."

*That the 1898 Treaty of Paris preliminaries, should not have included territories of the sovereign "Visayan Nation"; the confederation of both the Central and Western Visayas Cantonal Governments by virtue of Spain's formal surrender prior to this U.S. and Spain treaty of peace (Paris) and the $20-million buy-out. Spain had no more legal rights to sell. In legal parlance "nemodat quod non habet” -meaning “you cannot give what is not yours”.

This diplomatic "Faux pas" that was supposed to be officially consummated and became legal and internationally binding only on APRIL 11, 1899 should, or rather must be rectified.
*June 12, 1898 -Gen. Emilio Aguinaldo proclaimed Philippine Independence from Spain in Kawit, Cavite --but never won the war against Spain, as explained in the infamous betrayal --the "Mock Battle of Manila of August 13, 1898".

*Nov. 6 & Dec. 23, 1898 -Spain formally surrendered to both; the Negros Republic that merged (Dec. 2, 1898) with the Federal Republic of the Visayas based in Iloilo (respectively)

excerpted: "...These two nations, from a purely legal point of view, are COMPLETELY LEGITIMATE UNTIL TODAY. This could imply that the Manila-based Tagalista-oriented Unitarian central government of the Philippines in the Visayas and Mindanao is an Occupational Government, that ultimately originated from an invalid Treaty of Paris...."

Dr. Jose P. Dacudao; National President -Save Our Languages thru Federalism Foundation (SOLFED), Inc.

*July 4, 1946 -The United States of America granted Philippine Independence on a silver platter with strings attached.

"True Independence could never be just self-proclaimed nor bestowed upon, it has to be won and duly achieved with dignity" -- dinggol araneta divinagracia (Founder: Ilonggo Nation Movement (INM) Global Network ..Dec. 25, 2005)

*A lover of nature and reform activities by profession; a genealogist and environmentalist by avocation. A Cooperative Movement advocate, history buff and an amateur "newbie" writer)

"It is rather speculative as it is without basis of history if we mean of "history" is that which had been written for us by the "tutas" or lackeys of our colonial and imperial masters.." -- Benjie Evicner Estuche (INM Co-Founder)

The Cooperative Movement-"It is not the best way, it is the onlyway"..
Join the Last Laugh with us!

*When Christopher Columbus said that the world is round, people asked -What? and then they laughed.

*When the Wright brothers said they'll fly and soar the skies, people asked -How? and then they laughed.

*When Jules Verne wrote someday man could travel below the seven seas and shall walk on the moon, people asked - When? and then they laughed.

*When John the Baptist prophesied the coming of the Messiah, people asked -Who? and then they laughed.

*When the Ilonggo Nation Movement (INM) Global Network announced its mission and vision, people did not even bother to ask, What? How? When? or Who? --They just laughed and laughed. *People are still laughing, ...but the laughter is fading!

ang inyo alagad... sa guihapon ...dinggol a. divinagracia~~~

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To join! As a start, visit FACEBOOK: Ilonggo Nation Movement website .. (Non-ilonggos who share our advocacy are welcome)

"ACTA DE CAPITULACION~1898" (The Formal Surrender Document)

"ACTA DE CAPITULACION~1898" (The Formal Surrender Document)
*Nov. 6 & Dec. 23, 1898 -Spain formally surrendered to both; the Negros Republic that merged (Dec. 2, 1898) with the Federal Republic of the Visayas based in Iloilo (respectively)
Ergo! we won our battle-scarred freedom and legitimate independence and became a sovereign nation. The "First" Republic in the whole of Asia, but was nipped-in-the bud by the ugly Americans. A diplomatic faux pas, a political blunder and a travesty of history! --dinggol.d~~~


Claim Your Birth Right!

*Estado Federal de Bisayas*

*Ilonggo Nation Movement (INM) Global Network, precursor of the Ilonggo Nation Global Federation*

“To appreciate where you are now, you should know where you came from.”

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Monday, August 29, 2016

The American Invasion of the Ilonggo Nation

The United States Forces Invasion of Iloilo -Feb. 11, 1899 -
(By: dinggol araneta divinagracia - IlonggoNationMovement-Feb.11, 2012) 


On Feb. 11, 1899, the US First Separate Brigade commanded by Brig. Gen. Marcus P. Miller, West Point Class 1858, invaded Iloilo City on Panay Island. The defenders in the first line of defense were Ilonggo forces under the command of Gen. Pablo S. Araneta; Antiqueños under Gen. Leandro Locsin Fullon and Tagalog / Batangueño expeditionary forces under Gen. Ananias Diokno.

While the group of Gen. Roque A. Lopez, Gen. Martin T. Delgado, Gen. Teresa Ferraris Magbanua and the other Ilonggo leaders were stationed at the outskirt of the City including Gen. Quintin D. Salas and his troops in Balantang, Jaro.
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~  oo0oo  ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
The Semi-Weekly Gazette and Bulletin of Williamsport, Pennsylvania reports on the capture of Iloilo, issue of Feb. 14, 1899. (By Associated Press)

Manila, Feb. 14 -(9:35 a.m) -The United States forces under Brigadier General Miller captured Iloilo, capital of Panay and seat of the so-called government of the Visayan federation on Saturday last after a bombardment.

The rebels set the town on fire before evacuating it; but the American troops extinguished the flames.

There were no casualties on the American side........"
(Source: "Philippine-American War, 1899-1902" by Arnaldo Dumindin)
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~  oo0oo  ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

The unwelcome vicious intrusion and uncivilized military invasion of our infant but legitimate independent sovereign nation by the ugly Americans is percieved by todays patriotic Ilonggos/Visayans in particular and many filipinos in general as a diplomatic faux pas, a historical blunder. Likewise, by other nationalities who share the Ilonggo Nation Movement (INM) Global Network's noble advocacy .

The above-cited 1899 news item published by Associated Press clearly manifested that Uncle Sam was fully aware that their target, Iloilo, capital of Panay was the seat of the government of the Federal Visayan nation.

It should be noted, that there was no formal "Declaration of War" between two conflicting sovereign nations, the USA and the Estado Federal de Bisayas (EFB). The global armed confrontation was the Spanish-American War that did not involved in any way the EFB, a seperate, distinct and independent legitimate sovereign nation. This was brought about by Spain's "formal" surrender earlier to the Visayan Federal Republic based in Iloilo.

On the contrary, Gen. Emilio Aguinaldos' government whose authority and jurisdiction had never truly included  territories of Central and Western Visayas under the Estado Federal de Bisayas (spearheaded by the Ilonggos), could still be considered "subject" under the Spanish crown since he never won the war against Spain.
 His opportunity was derailed by the betrayal of his erstwhile American trusted allies during the 13th of August, 1898 "Mock Battle of Manila" in Intramuros--

It is regretable, indeed, that Gen. Aguinaldo also decieved the Americans by making them believe his presidency covers the entire Philippine archipelago. The irony, was that the "tri-starred" banner/flag in anticipation of a Federal Philippines composed of Luzon, Visayas and Mindanao were already being displayed in battle fields and was misconstrued that there was only one central government in control under Manila.

Moreover, Governor-General Don Diego de los Rios, the last duly constituted Spanish authority in the Philippines, failed to inform the U.S. government that he had earlier surrendered Spain's jurisdiction over  to the Estado Federal de Bisayas.

The said AP news item, likewise, stated that the "rebels" meaning the Ilonggo patriots defending their battle-scarred freedom and national patrimony, set the town (Iloilo) on fire before evacuating it; but the American troops extinguished the flames. The truth of the matter, Iloilo City was almost totally demolished due to continuous naval bombardment for about a week by four (4) U.S. warships anchored along Fort San Pedro near Calle Sto. Rosario.

Furthermore, it reported that no casualties on the Amerian side but failed to report that hundreds of civilians, including defenseless women and small children whom the U.S. soldiers called "Chinese half-breeds" were massacred when the ferocious invading U.S. forces stormed Iloilo.
We strongly detest the cruelty and savagery inflicted upon our people during that black chapter in our history that maliciously "nipped-in-the-bud" --EFB's right to a seat in the council among sovereign nations of the world.

However, it is heartening to note that during those trying times there were men of goodwill in the "US Anti-Imperialist League"; Andrew Carnegie, Mark Twain, William James, David Starr Jordan, Samuel Gompers, George S. Boutwell, and others that were opposed to U.S. Philippine annexation and the U.S. policy of international intervention under the guise of "Manifest Destiny".

Padayon ang Hublag Ilonggo! --Agorang dinggol.d~~~
(Ilonggo Nation Movement (INM) precursor of Ilonggo Nation Global Federation (INGF)

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