Ang Republika Federal sg Kabisay-an (The Federal Republic of the Visayas)

Historical Facts obviously omitted or deliberately hidden in our School History Books
(Source: History Reborn"The Federal Republic of the Visayas" -by: dinggol a.divinagracia*June 12, 2007)

*That Spain had already formally surrendered to the Federal Republic of the Visayas even before Gen. Emilio Aguinaldo was proclaimed Philippine President in Malolos, Bulacan on January 23, 1899. That our Independent Visayan Republic, had never been under the authority and jurisdiction of Aguinaldo's "Katagalogan" Republic in Luzon.

excerpted: "...A paper written by Jose Manuel Velmonte, a research associate at the UP Third World Studies Center, found that the Visayan revolutionary elites not only had sophisticated political ideas but also resented attempts by Malolos to assert its authority. A Tagalog military expedition sent by Malolos to Panay to assert its presence was met with hostility. The Luzon force led by Generals Ananias Diocno and Leandro Fullon was regarded by the Visayan revolutionaries, led by the Visayan supremo, Gen. Martin Delgado, as an ''invasion'' force ..." (Source: Inquirer-1999- 06-13 "View of revolt in provinces spurs revision" By: Amando Doronila)

According to Dr. Luis C.Dery, an eminent Filipino Scholar: "Expounding the extent of Aguinaldo's Philippine Army; the Bangsamoro nation's Mindanao, Sulu, and the rest of its islands never fell under Aguinaldo's politico-military control and sovereignty. In fact as late as August 1898 much of northern Luzon, southern Luzon, the Visayas, and Mindanao remained outside of the control of Aguinaldo's Republic. Thus, several military expeditions were sent to these places to bring' them to recognize the First Philippine Republic."

*That the 1898 Treaty of Paris preliminaries, should not have included territories of the sovereign "Visayan Nation"; the confederation of both the Central and Western Visayas Cantonal Governments by virtue of Spain's formal surrender prior to this U.S. and Spain treaty of peace (Paris) and the $20-million buy-out. Spain had no more legal rights to sell. In legal parlance "nemodat quod non habet” -meaning “you cannot give what is not yours”.

This diplomatic "Faux pas" that was supposed to be officially consummated and became legal and internationally binding only on APRIL 11, 1899 should, or rather must be rectified.
*June 12, 1898 -Gen. Emilio Aguinaldo proclaimed Philippine Independence from Spain in Kawit, Cavite --but never won the war against Spain, as explained in the infamous betrayal --the "Mock Battle of Manila of August 13, 1898".

*Nov. 6 & Dec. 23, 1898 -Spain formally surrendered to both; the Negros Republic that merged (Dec. 2, 1898) with the Federal Republic of the Visayas based in Iloilo (respectively)

excerpted: "...These two nations, from a purely legal point of view, are COMPLETELY LEGITIMATE UNTIL TODAY. This could imply that the Manila-based Tagalista-oriented Unitarian central government of the Philippines in the Visayas and Mindanao is an Occupational Government, that ultimately originated from an invalid Treaty of Paris...."

Dr. Jose P. Dacudao; National President -Save Our Languages thru Federalism Foundation (SOLFED), Inc.

*July 4, 1946 -The United States of America granted Philippine Independence on a silver platter with strings attached.

"True Independence could never be just self-proclaimed nor bestowed upon, it has to be won and duly achieved with dignity" -- dinggol araneta divinagracia (Founder: Ilonggo Nation Movement (INM) Global Network ..Dec. 25, 2005)

*A lover of nature and reform activities by profession; a genealogist and environmentalist by avocation. A Cooperative Movement advocate, history buff and an amateur "newbie" writer)

"It is rather speculative as it is without basis of history if we mean of "history" is that which had been written for us by the "tutas" or lackeys of our colonial and imperial masters.." -- Benjie Evicner Estuche (INM Co-Founder)

The Cooperative Movement-"It is not the best way, it is the onlyway"..
Join the Last Laugh with us!

*When Christopher Columbus said that the world is round, people asked -What? and then they laughed.

*When the Wright brothers said they'll fly and soar the skies, people asked -How? and then they laughed.

*When Jules Verne wrote someday man could travel below the seven seas and shall walk on the moon, people asked - When? and then they laughed.

*When John the Baptist prophesied the coming of the Messiah, people asked -Who? and then they laughed.

*When the Ilonggo Nation Movement (INM) Global Network announced its mission and vision, people did not even bother to ask, What? How? When? or Who? --They just laughed and laughed. *People are still laughing, ...but the laughter is fading!

ang inyo alagad... sa guihapon ...dinggol a. divinagracia~~~

email address:

To join! As a start, visit FACEBOOK: Ilonggo Nation Movement website .. (Non-ilonggos who share our advocacy are welcome)

"ACTA DE CAPITULACION~1898" (The Formal Surrender Document)

"ACTA DE CAPITULACION~1898" (The Formal Surrender Document)
*Nov. 6 & Dec. 23, 1898 -Spain formally surrendered to both; the Negros Republic that merged (Dec. 2, 1898) with the Federal Republic of the Visayas based in Iloilo (respectively)
Ergo! we won our battle-scarred freedom and legitimate independence and became a sovereign nation. The "First" Republic in the whole of Asia, but was nipped-in-the bud by the ugly Americans. A diplomatic faux pas, a political blunder and a travesty of history! --dinggol.d~~~


Claim Your Birth Right!

*Estado Federal de Bisayas*

*Ilonggo Nation Movement (INM) Global Network, precursor of the Ilonggo Nation Global Federation*

“To appreciate where you are now, you should know where you came from.”

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Friday, July 14, 2017

The "Ledesma Streets" in the City of Iloilo, Philippines

Calle Ledesma circa early 1900's

The "Ledesma Streets" in the City of Iloilo, Philippines
(By: dinggol araneta divinagracia -Ilonggo Nation Global Federation - April 13, 2015)

The District of Jaro in the City of Iloilo, Philippines, was once upon a time known as "Salog". It was named after the Salog river that traverse the area. In the yesteryears, Jaro was a seperate and distinct City by itself, until it was subsumed into "La Muy Leal y Noble Ciudad de Iloilo". This was due to political rivalry and family feud of two warring Ilonggo oligarchy; the Lopez'es of Jaro and the Arroyo's of Parian now Molo.

 " ....."And by the way, PGMA die-hard ilonggo Justice Raul Maravilla Gonzalez (of Ledesma ancestry) is the son of Delfin Q. Gonzalez, the last Mayor of Jaro City that was subsumed into Iloilo City when he caught the ire of then President Quezon....."

Two Jareños who belong to the illustrious Ledesma clan served as "Gobernadorcillo and Alcalde-Mayor" with distinction, and in whose memory the Simon Lopez Ledesma and to his grandson, the Demetrio Benedicto Ledesma (DB Ledesma) Streets were named.

The "Ledesco Bridge" that was built sometime in the middle 1980's dedicated to Don Ricardo Ledesma (married to Manuela Locsin) as main entrance to the prestigious Ledesco Villages, was constructed to cross the Jaro river from Javellana Extension in the Lapaz-Jaro border.

Another "Calle Ledesma" or Ledesma Street, considered as one of the longest main thoroughfares is located in Iloilo City Proper. It starts at the rotunda of Plazoleta Gay (intersecting Calle Real, Iznart, Fermin Caram, Sr. and Arroyo Streets) in downtown Iloilo City up to the intersection of Rizal-Estanzuela and Lopez Jaena-Baluarte at the Tanza-Bonifacio area.

"....... Alcalde Jose Ma. Gay was the last Spanish Alcalde Mayor of Iloilo and the son of Vicente Gay and Trinidad Ditching Soriano, daughter of Don Anselmo Soriano y Flores (Molo Gobernadorcillo-1860) and Maria Dy Ching of Binondo, Manila. The "Plazoleta Gay" in downtown Iloilo City was named after him....."

(Source: )

This long stretch of Calle Ledesma, that traverse the Streets of Valeria, Santos Chiu Kim See, Quezon, Mabini, Liberation Road, Fuentes and Jalandoni was named in memory of it's donor, Don Anastacio Lopez Ledesma (married to Clara Jalandoni Lopez), an Ilonggo philanthropist of the landed gentry, the Ledesma-Lopez clan of Jaro.

Large tracts of once swampy areas within the peripheral of Calle Ledesma, Iloilo City Proper, were passed on to direct heirs of Don Anastacio Lopez Ledesma. In modern times, the families of: Ester Ledesma Habana de Jamora (vicinity of Valeria St.); Emilia Ledesma Habana de Betita (vicinity of Quezon St.); and Aurora Ledesma Virto de Montinola (vicinity of Mabini St.) -- all in the right side towards Molo, traversing Calle Delgado that almost reached up to Gen. Luna Street.

While the opposite portion of the huge property were inherited by the Ledesma-Montinola and the Ledesma-Montinola-Tinsay branch of the familia that included the lot where Iloilo Terminal (Super) Market now stands. Their share traverse Juan de Leon St. up to Rizal Street near the Iloilo-Guimaras Strait.

A block away from the Supermarket area, is Colegio de las Hijas de Jesus (Santo Anghel) located at the corner of Ledesma-Fuentes Streets. The lot I presumed, was likewise, donated by the generous Anastacio Ledesma family.

The lot at corner Ledesma-Jalandoni Sts. was inherited by Remedios Ledesma Gamboa de Jalbuena, who bequeathed it to her son Freddie. Later, Freddie Gamboa Jalbuena sold the property to Nicolas Ledesma, a member of the religious sect who donated the same to his church of the 7th Day Adventist.

Adjacent to the 7th Day Adventist compound, was inherited by Felisa Ledesma Gamboa de Magalona (married to Jose Belmonte Magalona) who passed on the huge property to her children, namely: Dr. Rene Gamboa Magalona, married to the daughter of Demetrio Benedicto (DB) Ledesma and Remedios Felix Cajili named Evelina; to Carlos Gamboa Magalona and daughter Leda Gamboa Magalona de Zaldarriaga.

At the opposite side of the Street, the corner lot was inherited by Conchita Ledesma Gamboa de Lizares, who with husband Emiliano built the "Lizares-Gamboa Mansion" --now the Angelicum School in Tabuc Suba, Jaro. This property in Calle Ledesma was later acquired by the family of "Paa" of the famous bakery in Jaro.

The sisters Remedios, Felisa and Conchita were among the grandchildren of Anastacio Lopez Ledesma and Clara Jalandoni Lopez de Ledesma.

Wilson Street located in the rear side of the Seventh Day Adventists compound at the corner of Ledesma-Jalandoni Sts. in Barangay Wilson-Jalandoni was named after Wilson Lopez Ledesma, son of the wealthy patriarch, Don Anastacio Lopez Ledesma.

Another branch of the deeply religious Ledesma family of old Iloilo, earlier owned the prime properties that span along Bonifacio Drive from the Forbes Bridge approach going to Lapaz District up to the corner of Gen. Luna Street fronting the Iloilo Provincial Capitol and the Nicolas Jalandoni Rotunda accross Atrium. Even the heritage house in front of Museo Iloilo of Don Eusebio and Remedios Sian Melliza de Villanueva (inherited by their unmarried youngest daughter Julianita) was once owned by a wealthy Ledesma family.

Yes! this other main thoroughfare, could have also been named as another "Ledesma Street" in the City of Iloilo, Philippines.
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Calle Ledesma as viewed from Plazoleta Gay.

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