Ang Republika Federal sg Kabisay-an (The Federal Republic of the Visayas)

Historical Facts obviously omitted or deliberately hidden in our School History Books
(Source: History Reborn"The Federal Republic of the Visayas" -by: dinggol a.divinagracia*June 12, 2007)

*That Spain had already formally surrendered to the Federal Republic of the Visayas even before Gen. Emilio Aguinaldo was proclaimed Philippine President in Malolos, Bulacan on January 23, 1899. That our Independent Visayan Republic, had never been under the authority and jurisdiction of Aguinaldo's "Katagalogan" Republic in Luzon.

excerpted: "...A paper written by Jose Manuel Velmonte, a research associate at the UP Third World Studies Center, found that the Visayan revolutionary elites not only had sophisticated political ideas but also resented attempts by Malolos to assert its authority. A Tagalog military expedition sent by Malolos to Panay to assert its presence was met with hostility. The Luzon force led by Generals Ananias Diocno and Leandro Fullon was regarded by the Visayan revolutionaries, led by the Visayan supremo, Gen. Martin Delgado, as an ''invasion'' force ..." (Source: Inquirer-1999- 06-13 "View of revolt in provinces spurs revision" By: Amando Doronila)

According to Dr. Luis C.Dery, an eminent Filipino Scholar: "Expounding the extent of Aguinaldo's Philippine Army; the Bangsamoro nation's Mindanao, Sulu, and the rest of its islands never fell under Aguinaldo's politico-military control and sovereignty. In fact as late as August 1898 much of northern Luzon, southern Luzon, the Visayas, and Mindanao remained outside of the control of Aguinaldo's Republic. Thus, several military expeditions were sent to these places to bring' them to recognize the First Philippine Republic."

*That the 1898 Treaty of Paris preliminaries, should not have included territories of the sovereign "Visayan Nation"; the confederation of both the Central and Western Visayas Cantonal Governments by virtue of Spain's formal surrender prior to this U.S. and Spain treaty of peace (Paris) and the $20-million buy-out. Spain had no more legal rights to sell. In legal parlance "nemodat quod non habet” -meaning “you cannot give what is not yours”.

This diplomatic "Faux pas" that was supposed to be officially consummated and became legal and internationally binding only on APRIL 11, 1899 should, or rather must be rectified.
*June 12, 1898 -Gen. Emilio Aguinaldo proclaimed Philippine Independence from Spain in Kawit, Cavite --but never won the war against Spain, as explained in the infamous betrayal --the "Mock Battle of Manila of August 13, 1898".

*Nov. 6 & Dec. 23, 1898 -Spain formally surrendered to both; the Negros Republic that merged (Dec. 2, 1898) with the Federal Republic of the Visayas based in Iloilo (respectively)

excerpted: "...These two nations, from a purely legal point of view, are COMPLETELY LEGITIMATE UNTIL TODAY. This could imply that the Manila-based Tagalista-oriented Unitarian central government of the Philippines in the Visayas and Mindanao is an Occupational Government, that ultimately originated from an invalid Treaty of Paris...."

Dr. Jose P. Dacudao; National President -Save Our Languages thru Federalism Foundation (SOLFED), Inc.

*July 4, 1946 -The United States of America granted Philippine Independence on a silver platter with strings attached.

"True Independence could never be just self-proclaimed nor bestowed upon, it has to be won and duly achieved with dignity" -- dinggol araneta divinagracia (Founder: Ilonggo Nation Movement (INM) Global Network ..Dec. 25, 2005)

*A lover of nature and reform activities by profession; a genealogist and environmentalist by avocation. A Cooperative Movement advocate, history buff and an amateur "newbie" writer)

"It is rather speculative as it is without basis of history if we mean of "history" is that which had been written for us by the "tutas" or lackeys of our colonial and imperial masters.." -- Benjie Evicner Estuche (INM Co-Founder)

The Cooperative Movement-"It is not the best way, it is the onlyway"..
Join the Last Laugh with us!

*When Christopher Columbus said that the world is round, people asked -What? and then they laughed.

*When the Wright brothers said they'll fly and soar the skies, people asked -How? and then they laughed.

*When Jules Verne wrote someday man could travel below the seven seas and shall walk on the moon, people asked - When? and then they laughed.

*When John the Baptist prophesied the coming of the Messiah, people asked -Who? and then they laughed.

*When the Ilonggo Nation Movement (INM) Global Network announced its mission and vision, people did not even bother to ask, What? How? When? or Who? --They just laughed and laughed. *People are still laughing, ...but the laughter is fading!

ang inyo alagad... sa guihapon ...dinggol a. divinagracia~~~

email address:

To join! As a start, visit FACEBOOK: Ilonggo Nation Movement website .. (Non-ilonggos who share our advocacy are welcome)

"ACTA DE CAPITULACION~1898" (The Formal Surrender Document)

"ACTA DE CAPITULACION~1898" (The Formal Surrender Document)
*Nov. 6 & Dec. 23, 1898 -Spain formally surrendered to both; the Negros Republic that merged (Dec. 2, 1898) with the Federal Republic of the Visayas based in Iloilo (respectively)
Ergo! we won our battle-scarred freedom and legitimate independence and became a sovereign nation. The "First" Republic in the whole of Asia, but was nipped-in-the bud by the ugly Americans. A diplomatic faux pas, a political blunder and a travesty of history! --dinggol.d~~~


Claim Your Birth Right!

*Estado Federal de Bisayas*

*Ilonggo Nation Movement (INM) Global Network, precursor of the Ilonggo Nation Global Federation*

“To appreciate where you are now, you should know where you came from.”

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Sunday, September 02, 2007

(Date: September 1, 2007)
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* Volume No. I * Issue No. 004 * Date: September 1, 2007*
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CONTENTS: The Moro People's Conflict and the Ilonggos, Etc. * Reaction to above Article * The Crux of the Moro Conflict/Our Muslim Ancestors * The Revolucionario of Antique * Pride of Cabatuan-Iloilo * Negrenses* The Locsin Clan in Cyberspace * New INM Banwa_Mo eGroup Members * San Joaquin, Iloilo Association of USA (SJIA-USA) 2007 Election Results * Change your Strategy! *~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
The Moro People's Conflict and the Ilonggos, Etcetera.
(By: dinggol a.divinagracia -INM Banwa_Mo -August 20, 2007)Long before "Kamikaze" zero fighter planes hovered over the horizon during the last stages of WWII and even much farther before "Jihadist" martyrs resorted to suicide bombings; our muslim brothers in the south, fighting to defend their cultural identity and to preserve their religious patrimony had already instilled fear in the heart of the infidels --because of the self-determined "Huramentados".

It took the invention of Colt 45's knocking power during U.S. war of conquest in Mindanao at the turn of the last century, led by Gen. John "Black Jack" Pershing, to neutralize waves of attack by these fanatical moro holy warriors.
In the 1950's --with the "Land for the Landless" program during the CIA-backed Presidency of Ramon Magsaysay, a great number of Christian settlers from Ilocandia; the Hukbalahap veterans of central Luzon; and the Ilonggo-Cebuano Bisayans emigrated to the "Land of Promise". (The first group of Visayan settlers in Mindanao came from Bohol in 1563 that landed and established a settlement in the Zamboanga Peninsula in what is now called Dapitan.)

Thereafter, an uprising that broke out in 1948 with a few hundred men led by Tausog leader "Kamlon" of Sulu escalated into a full blown rebellion. After the loss of so many lives and destruction of so many properties, but due they say, to old age he just faded into oblivion.

Others believed his friend Jose "Bano" Escribano, the Ilonggo Mayor of Tacurong, Cotabato later was able to appease the brave old muslim Rebel.
Peace reigned in Mindanao and the multinational giants; Dole Philippines, Firestone Rubber Company, Etc. were later established that generated jobs by the thousands. Earlier B.F. Goodrich started operations in 1919, Del Monte through a subsidiary in 1925, and Goodyear in 1929. These big companies then owned lands by the thousands of hectares.

Going back to the government transistion period in 1935. Commonwealth Act No. 141 was signed into law by President Manuel L. Quezon --Section 84 declared all ancestral lands in Mindanao as public lands.

The Moros and other ethnic groups were deprived of lands once owned by their ancestors. A Moro may own only 4-hectares; a Christian settler was allowed to own 24-hectares while Filipino Corporations of up to 1,024-hectares.

The smart alecks, both foreign and local were then able to legally convert ancestral domains into dynastic corporate empires and they became the new breed of oligarchy --the modern day illustrados that eventually controlled the economy and political scene in Mindanao.
In the early 1960's --massive rampage against family of peaceful Christian settlers in the south were systematically conducted by the "Black Shirts" and later by the notorious "Barracudas"; groups of Muslim seccessionist under the Muslim/Mindanao Independence Movement (MIM) founded by Datu Udtog Matalam in Central Mindanao.

To protect themselves, these early christian settlers led by the magnificent seven (7) Ilonggo Mayors in Mindanao organized themselves into what turned out to be the most dreaded "anti-moro" group of them all --the "ILAGA" Movement.

Headed by Ilonggos from Panay, the most prominent were Norberto Manero, Jr. of Janiuay, Iloilo; his wife Leonarda "Kumander Inday" Lacson and an obscure simple farmer from Antique, named Feliciano Luces alias "Kumander Toothpick".

The brutality pertetuated by some Ilaga (Ilonggo for Rat) members in treating their adversaries gained them utmost notoriety.

In the 1972 election, Col. Carlos B. Cajelo of Barotac Nuevo, Iloilo --who nurtured the Ilaga Movement, defeated Datu Udtog Matalam as Governor of Cotabato in Central Mindanao; and served as the longest elected governor of the province for 12 years.
During the late 1960's, the clandestine "Operation Merdeka"; Malacanang's grand plan to destablize and take over Sabah from the Malaysians, using the Jabidah Special Forces was conceived.

Maj. Eduardo Martelino of Kalibo, Aklan --an articulate and dashing Army officer of the Office of Civil Affairs under the DND was tasked to head the core group that planned and implemented the project.

He was a graduate of the Infantry School in Fort Benning in the U.S. and the Defense Information School of the U.S. Armed Forces, the precursor of the psychological warfare school of Fort Bragg.

Maj. Martelino then settled in Simunol Island in Tawi Tawi, Sulu; converted into Islam as "Abdul Latif"; married a young local lass and named after her --the recruitment and training camp for Jabidah Special Forces - "Camp Sofia".

In March of 1968, the massacre of at least 23 Jabidah trainees on Corregidor island for the Sabah Mission sparked another Muslim rebellion and gave birth to the Moro National Liberation Front (MNLF) led by University of the Philippines Professor Nurullaji "Nur" Misuari and other young Muslim Intellectuals who disregarded the traditional muslim elitist leaders.
Once again, the south turned red in the ensuing battles between government forces and the MNLF. To supplement the AFP, Malacanang directed the creation of the dreaded "Lost Command" composed mostly of undesirables and para-military groups of ilonggo mercenaries under the command of Col. Carlos Palabrica "Ladi" Lademora of Iloilo.

Col. Lademora's Lost Command exploits in "commando style" and unorthodox guerrilla warfare that was feared not only in Mindanao; was dismantled after the Marcos regime.
In the early 1990's, Abdurajak Abubakar Janjalani of Basilan, whose ilongga mother was from
the town of Miag-ao in the Province of Iloilo became the principal founder of the Abu Sayyaf Group, a radical muslim organization with links to Al Queda.

He was a student of a fundamentalist imam in a Muslim community in the Christian city of Zamboanga when he joined the mujahideens to fight in Afghanistan.

When he died in an encounter a few years ago, his brother Kadaffy took over leadership of the ASG but was also reportedly slain later.
Today, history repeats itself in Morolandia.

News report, confirms the on-going war --but sadly reveal AFP tragic soldiers on the losing end not necessarily because of inferior armaments but mainly due to series of error in judgement committed by their superior military officers.

It likewise, exposed the suspected ulterior motives of some high ranking government officials for economic advantage. Thus, Senate Probe in this regard is in progress.

But what is alarming, are reports that US Special Forces in full combat gear were cited within the war zones which is contrary to and in violation of the existing U.S.-Philippine Visiting Forces Agreement or VFA.
Skeptics says, we may not have enough black gold or fossilized oil deposit to warrant foreign intervention.

But perhaps, the rich "Deuterium" deposit within the Visayan Seas that connects to the Mindanao Deep could be the magnet to justify the next target of a full scale war against global terrorism in Mindanao.

Excerpted from: The Ilonggo Nation (6/26/06)

(by: Jamimah Yazmine-INM Banwa_Mo: OklahomaUSA)

"...Deuterium is basically inhabiting the "ocean deep" where they could be harvested to be converted into isotopes to trigger nuclear fusion in an energy reactor as in the matter and anti-matter fusion. The seas within the Triangle and the Mindanao Deep south of the base of the triangle had already been identified by geologists, scientists and quantum science researchers as deuterium-rich regions.

This information had been kept from the public but congressional investigations had been made during the Marcos Martial law regime which had been kept from the public.
This explains also the various claims of several country-states as Vietnam, Singapore, Malaysia, Taiwan, South Korea, China and the Philippines of an atoll called the Freedomland discovered by Tomas Coloma for the Philippines popularly known as the Sprattley Island group which is rich in fossil oil deposit.

Such claims all hid the fact about deuterium - the 21st century energy commodity which can power cars in the near future...."

Reaction to above-article:Agurang Dinggol and everybody,

I am very much delighted by the way you placed in historical perspective the struggles of the Moro and Ilonggo Nations in the Land of Promise, although I cannot find anywhere the "promissory note" by which such promise was made.

There was a certain Col. Lansdale who handled the "Guy" in the 40s and 50s who was involved in hamletting operation in Malaysia (which failed), implemented the same classic counter-revolutiona ry and anti-people policy in Central Luzon (succeeded), in Central Panay (it failed), and in Vietnam (it was a total failure!).

Col. Landsdale was later identified as a CIA operative. The "guy" was, of course, Ramon Magsaysay, the ill-fated President of the Philippines who died in an airplane crash believed to have been engineered too by people interested in the political and economic development of the Philippines and the continued insurrection in Mindanao.

Journalist Nestor Mata survived that crash and lived to tell of the miracle that kept him alive for more years. He was later involved in progressive politics and in the political careers of such Amboys (American Boys) as Manuel Manahan and Raul Manglapuz, who drew the seeds of the Social Democratic Movement under the core leadership of one Jesuit priest named Fr. Jose Blanco.

It is interesting to note that during the flowering of the "Merdeka" affair ran mostly by Ilonggos, there was a mysterious death of an American with a German-sounding namein the the Mindanao area near the Tawi-tawi and Sulu territory. This man was associated with an overstaying American GI named Harry Stonehill, believed to be charged with smuggling activities of blue-seal cigarettes manufactured in the Borneo area and distributed in the Philippines.

Harrry Stonehill was associated with corruption during the Macapagal administration (Diosdado, father of the incumbent Lady President, Gloria M. Arroyo) and was liaisoned into the Macapagal Administration by another whiz of an Ilonggo kid named Rufino "Fenny" Hechanova. Hechanova died of a gas-poisoning (?) while travelling in Europe.

The Jabidah Massacre (offshoot of the Merdeka affair) was exposed by a young Senator from Tarlac on his maiden year in the Senate named Benigno Aquino Jr. A few years before his becoming Senator he was alleged to have been seen on top of a water tower in Indonesia with Fr. Jose Blanco where both were monitoring the movement of rebel troops that toppled the presidency of Sukarno.

It was believed that Aquino and Blanco were also responsible of arming the Indonesian rebels during that time. Quijano de Manila in his book, "The Aquinos of Tarlac," had explicitly detailed this operation.

All these had been detailed also in the last issues of the Philippine Free Press owned and published by another Ilonggo of the Locsin clan of Negros prior to the declaration of Martial Law in 1972 by Ferdinand E. Marcos, who claimed to have a Special Power of Attorney from the heirs of the sultan of Sulu which was disputed by Pres. Diosdado Macapagal.

The last issue of the Philippine Free Press was also about another Ilonggo, my contemporary, Fluellen Ortigas, and his deposition in the Senate about the smuggling of arms through ships in the Palanan Bay area at the foot of the Sierra Madre facing the Pacific Ocean in the eastern side of norther Luzon and the alleged plot (or actual ambush) of then Secretary of the DND, now Sen. Juan Ponce Enrile.

Somewhere in the back issues of the Philippine Free Press was also written an article about Deuterium. What is Deuterium and how is it that Ilonggos seemed to have been connected with its research and future development? How is the war in Mindanao related to the prospect of deuterium development and energy enhancement project?

During the incumbency of President Corazon Aquino, Quijano's book encountered suppression of its publication. I don't know why. At that time the glamorous wife of Cory's brother, Tingting Cojuangco was enrolled at the National Defense College of the Philippines at Fort Bonifacio. She was believed to be the point-person in charged with maintaining close relationship with the heir of the Sulu Sultanate during the Aquino presidency.

BTW, one of the sons of Gen. Martin Delgado became a husband of one of the heirs of the Sultan of Sulu.

Tatay Bano was responsible for the surrender of Kamlon, a Tausug rebel in the early 50s. The late Jose Escribano was from Igbaras and cousin of my late mother. During his house arrest in Manila in the early 60s after the shooting death of one Judge Valdez in Tacurong, Cotabato, we were one of those priveleged to give security of his daughter, Suelyn, while she was studying in the University of the Philippines in Dilliman.

Jose Rizal, in his letters to Ferdinand Blumentritt, had dreamed of colonizing the North Borneo Area. This was after his trip overseas and after Heidelberg and was in exile in Dapitan in the Zamboanga peninsula. The development of European Masonry during Rizal's time was such that there were researches on alchemy made by the German part of the Masonry Movement. Was the chemical element, Deuterium, which is hard water, part of that research?

While the Roman Catholic Church in the Western Visayas region laid claim to the faithfulness of the revolutionary leadership to the church in the latter years of the uprising and after the declaration of independent states, the fact remains that the leadership were beholden to the principles of Masonry. The declaration of Independent states in the Visayas and Northern Mindanao was also part of the series of the same declaration made by the batanguenyo general, Miguel Malvar.

Why do we discuss these details on our unknown history as a people? It is because of the kindred spirit that obtains between the people of Luzon, the Batanguenos and the Lagunans and the Tausogs of Mindanao and the Ilonggos of the Visayas. They were believed to have come from the the same village in Sabah. They are the only Filipino tribes with a history of going amok. They were the only ones that made "bulantes" of mosquito nets and habol and different kinds of knives.They were known for their being romantic and adventurous.

They were the seed of the Filipino nation, not only the Ilonggo nation. They started the first Philippine democratic political society in the whole of Asia. They provided seafaring souls to the Spanish conquestadores for further colonization of the new world. They were those that practically rowed the Spanish galleons to Alta California and the missionary travels of priest in the Southern Americas.

They had been used, too, to borrow the term of Mr. Dacudao, by Imperial Manila, not to protect her interests but to muddle the issues we had discussed above.

Maayong adlaw sa tanan,

(Benjamin "Benjie" Estuche -INM: PhillyPa-USA))

The Crux of the Moro Conflict/Our Muslim Ancestors

The Indigenous Peoples Act of 1997 should have been worded to solve all these problems from ancestral lands, preservation, and exploration of natural resources. The Bangsa Moro claim is valid and historicallly genuine to be recognized by any governmental processes and is further supported by the Autonomous Act for Local government unit giving our Muslim brothers their self-determination and managing their internal affairs within the context of the Philippine Constitution of 1889 and the adaption of the 1985 Constitution and the framers intent of unifying the nation.

This makes the proposed Federalization and Regional Autonomy a more acceptable solution that would foster equitable recognition of our unique regional culture, language and beliefs (religious and ways of life).

The historical truism of the existence of our Muslim heritage and our country's predominance in Islam is manifested in many ways from records of colonizers to past traders and allies archives in China, Malaysia and Indonesia or the old domain of Siam which is now Thailand.

The military of the Republic of the Philippines was organized and armed by the Commonwealth Military Governor was a continuation of the colonization under the pretext of 'conditional independence'. This same military mentality and the PMA culture which was patterned after the US West Point Military Academy was replicated in the PMA and molded the colonial and power dominant minds of the military products.

The true military arm of the people sensitive to needs of the people was instead born from the ranks of the disgruntled and disillussioned citizens and idealists which suffered injustice from the pro-American system of governance having adapted the 1946 Constitution on July 4th from the Xerox copy of the US Constitution.

The American 'pensionados' and US selected and favored 'political leaders' applied their US education principles to elevate themselves to power and dominance under the new Republic of the former Las Islas Filipinas translated to the 'red coats' English.

What happened to our Muslim ancestors that made the 1911 Colt Automatic Pistol famous? They were declared a bunch of 'horamentados', suicide killers, rebels, ingrates, anti-government and anti-republic. The 'Moros' werre gbranded as the equivalent of the Muslims in the Battle of the Moors during the era of the Crusade by the predominanat Roman Catholic leadership and inculcated in the minds of the majority that Muslims are untrustworthy, liars, cheaters, scam artists and will stab-in the back character' as reflected in the many jokes about Muslims.

The leadership In Manila can look at the mirror and see the kind of Pilipino should be and discriminate the 'Moros' because they do not look and has no Castillian blood.
there was a time that Pinoys feel proud having Hispanic blood in their veins despite their physiological features that has no DNA chromosomes or a semblance of physical manifestation of a Spanish 'mestizo'. The belief that their 'spanish names' were from parental lineage and not hand picked from the 'yellow pages' for the convenience of Spanish taxation.

Scientific and refutable historians and archelogists are slowly uncovering our true ancestral lineage and DNA strains spread throughout the various islands by settlements ruled by Datus, Rajahs and Sultans before the blood of the colonizers contaminated the Ternate and Clark native girls after the Chinese traders that even influenced the living and burial ways.

The 'public lands' were the remnants of the colonizers system of land subdivision similar to the early provincial assignments in Mexico and the Land for Settlers in the Luisiana Territory. In the US experience it was the American Indians that were dispossed of Mother Natures Earth where the buffalos roam, the deers were at play and everything is free.

Our Muslim brothers are in the same bind as the American Indians, the true ancestral people of the USA and the Americas before the word America was cnamed after Americus guy from Portugal in parallel to King Philip's land conquest of the Las Islas Filipinas.

The 'White Americans' from Britain and France after almost annihilating 2 million American Indians, have realized grave mistake of erasing the native history of their new found 'New World", the free land of the 'barbaric' natives. They invented the Remington against them in the same way the Colt 45 Automatic was invented agaisnt the 'Moros' of the South Eastern islands of the Pacific that resented the 7th Cavalry of the notorious General Custer.

They even went further by insulting and degrading the respectable Sultanates which was responsible for the Kingdom of Saud and the tiny monarch of Brunei, the descendants of the Sultanate of Malaya from where our predominant Muslim faith indigenous peoples started ruling the 7101 islands with their more than 650 years of trade relationship with neighboring China.

Are we learning anything from our historical past that will help us and our present leaders to understand better our Muslim ancestors clamor for recognition and equality?

Is it too much to revert back all 'public lands in the Autonomous region of Bangsa Moro to our ancestors? What are these 'public lands for if all the lands are owned by the Republic of the Philippines and notf for the people, especially our indigenous peoples.

Nat John G Duenas (INM: BurlingameCa-USA))
Former Technical Consultant to the late
Sultan Muhammad Mahakuttah Kiram
Sultanate of Sulu
The Revolucionario of Antique

Gen. Leandro Locsin Fullon: Hero of the Philippine Revolution
(Source: The Locsin Clan in Cyberspace at:

Gen. Leandro Locsin Fullon, was born on March 13, 1877 in Hamtic, Antique. He was a young student at the Colegio de San Juan de Letran in Manila, when the revolution against Spain broke out in 1896. Shortly before the revolutionary government was being organized by Gen. Emilio Aguinaldo, he joined the Katipunan.

On September 6, 1898, he returned to Antique as Head of the expeditionary forces to Panay sent by Aguinaldo with 140 revolutionary officers and 350men. Upon his arrival in Pandan on September 21, many Antiqueno volunteers joined his forces.Gen. Leandro Fullon established revolutionary governments in Pandan and in the neighboring town of Culasi with election of their local officials.

On Nov. 22, 1898, Fullon's forces captured the Antique provincial capital of San Jose and a Revolutionary Provincial Government was formed.

He also encountered several fierced battles in San Miguel, Pavia and in the outskirts of Jaro in Iloilo. More notably, the battle of Oton to Arevalo together with Gen. Angel Corteza and Gen. Pablo S. Araneta; where he was honored as having fired the "first shot".

When the revolutionary government in the Visayas was later organized, he was appointed the politico-military governor of Antique.When the Americans invaded Iloilo, Gen. Fullon helped in the resistance with Gen. Martin Delgado and other ilonggo revolutionary leaders of the Federal Republic of the Visayas.

In the early part of 1900, he returned to Antique to continue the struggle for freedom and independence against the new foreign invaders. After his forces became weakened due to heavy casualties; battle losses and weary of war and poorly armed, they were soon overwhelmed by the new and well-armed enemy. And on March 22, 1901 he was forced to surrendered.

After the civil government was organized, he was appointed Provincial Governor of Antique, a post that he held until his death in Oct. 16, 1904.

A monumental "Statue" in honor of GEN LEANDRO LOCSIN FULLON was erected by the Philippine National Historical Institute at the public Plaza of San Jose in Antique - - -a revered historical landmark.

Nota Bene: "Ilonggo Katipuneros in Manila who personally joined
Aguinaldo's Government and later directed to go back to their
respective provinces were not able to persuade the leaders of the
Federal Republic of the Visayas to submit to Aguinaldo's authority.

Although they fought side by side for the same cause and under
one flag with a star emblem of the Visayas Republic....."

Sa guihapon...agurang dinggol..

"The Pride of Cabatuan - Iloilo"


In 1940, Flavio Zaragoza Cano made a scene when he tore a P2,000 check in front of President Manuel Quezon, stunning the audience during the awarding ceremonies of the Commonwealth Literary Contest. Zaragoza's magnum opus, the book-length De Mactan a Tirad was adjudged second place in the contest, next to the entry of Jesus Balmori, a Tagalog.

Impartial critics as well as Zaragoza himself expected it to win the coveted prize. It was believed that Zaragoza was intentionally made the second-placer because he was a Visayan. During the ceremonies, he tore the check just after Quezon awarded it to him. The poet contended that his work was superior to that of Balmori in historical facts, in style, in beauty of expression and in eloquence. (Regalado and Franco, History of Panay. Iloilo City: Central Philippine University, 1973)

Lorenzo Miravite’s score in the bar examination was higher compared to the score of the four Philippine presidents who were also bar topnotchers – Manuel Roxas, Carlos Garcia, Diodado Macapagal and Ferdinand Marcos. Miravite, a 1947 law graduate from the Manuel Luis Quezon University, placed fourth in the 1948 bar examinations with a score of 94.45. Roxas (University of the Philippines) got only an average of 92 in 1913 where he was number one; Garcia (Philippine Law School) scored 86.4 (6th place, 1923); Macapagal (University of Sto. Tomas) earned 89.75 (first place, 1936); and Marcos (UP) attained 92.35 (first place, 1939).

The only resistance movement during World War II that never fell to the hands of the Japanese Imperial Army was the Free Government of Panay and Romblon under Gov. Tomas Confesor.

Tomas Confesor was the only person to have occupied four gubernatorial seats at the same time. He was governor of Iloilo, Capiz (which still includes Aklan), Antique and Romblon during World War II.

(By: Felimon"Monching"Jocson-INM: WoodbridgeVA-USA)

"Negrense" is the term used to distinguish a "tumandok" of Negros Island, which became popular only during the time of Governor Daniel "Bitay" Lacson because local media and government promoted it.

However, in most part of Negros Occidental, they still prefer to be called simply ilonggos, until today. While those in Negros oriental are often called Cebuanos, because of their common local dialect and it's geographical proximity to Cebu.

Negros used to be called "Buglas", an aeta word which means "sudden cut-off" and in hiligaynon/ilonggo dialect is "Buklas". These aeta's, ita's or ati's are dark-skinned nomads with woolly kinky hair are the aborigines of the archipelago.

The Maragtas legend explained that when the 10 Malay datus from Bornay, led by it's Shri Vijaya Minister Datu Puti bartered with Ati King Marikudo the lowlands of Panay; most of his tribesmen, resettled up to the mountains. But many of them sailed to "Buglas" passing "Himal-os"... Island of Guimaras. There, they lived undisturbed for centuries.It was the Spaniards who gave the island its present name NEGROS due to the predominant presence of this small Negroes or "Negritos".

Two great waves of migration, resulted in the gradual near extinction of this ancient filipino ethnic group due to inter-relationship and marriages.

During the middle part of the 1800's, many families joined the exodus of the more adventurous members of prominent ilonggos; such as the Yulo's and the Yusay's, the Lacson's and the Locsin's, the Lopeze's and Ledesma's, the Jalandoni's and Javellana's, the Araneta's, Salase's and de la Rama's and others, who bringing along their families and households, migrated to the "New Frontier", the fertile Island of Negros.

When the sugar industry started to boom, the demand for tens of thousands sugar farm workers was filled by the industrious and indigenous ilonggos of Northwestern Aklan and Antique. Antique, whose sea-horse shaped isolated province had been backward due to disadvantaged topography of arid land base, mountainious terrain, lined by a narrow coastal plain and unfavorable climatic condition.

A great number of these migratory sugar plantation workers known as "Sacadas" had decided to settle permanently in Negros and of course multiplied.Therefore, it is safe to conclude that "Negrenses" are G.I's or truly Genuine Ilonggos.
Editors Note:
INM Banwa_Mo Member Felimon"Monching" B. Jocson, is a
Businessman-Sportsman from Bacolod City; a Sugar Planter
and Fishpond operator in Himamaylan, Negros Occidental.

He is the Chairman: Membership Committee of the Association
of Ilonggos-Metropolitan Washington D.C.(AIM) Inc.. Presently,
he owns & operates Excel Auto Parts, Supply and Colision/Repair
Shop in Virginia and Limousine Rental Service in the Metropolitan
Washington DC area.------------------------------------o0o--------------------------------
Announcements & Messages:

Invitation to JOIN! The Locsin Clan in Cyberspace

Greetings "Parientes":

Free Membership exclusive to descendants of "WO SING LOK" or "SIN LOK" the first Locsin in the Philippines; who was christened as AGUSTIN LOCSIN when he married Cecilia Sayson (1780) of "Parian" now Molo in Iloilo City.

Early history & genealogical diagrams are contained in this streamlined and user friendly new website; also photos, relevant articles, up-dated Family Trees, announcements, etc.

Please go to and click "Contact the Administrator"below the long in page to get your password. Please include your name and email address.

"May the spirit of our ancestors, continue to guide future generations"

The Web Administrator
Welcome! New INM Banwa_Mo eGroup members:

*Francis Neil G. Jalando-on:
Assistant Director, Office for External Affairs and Public Relations,
Central Philippine University (CPU) -Jaro, Iloilo City

*Connie de Julian:
An ilongga in Singapore.

*Freda Contreras:
An Antiquena by birth but Capiznon by root, you may consider me

a pure Panay Island inhabitant. I currently reside in Kuwait. Thanks
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San Joaquin, Iloilo Association-USA (SJIA) 2007 Election Results:

Congratulations! to the new Set of SJIA-USA Officers and Members of the Board:

*President: Mrs. Maria Fe Reyes *Vice President: Jot jot San Luis
*Secretary: Julie Drilon *Asst. Secretary: Toto Nacion
*Treasurer: Vangie Castro *Asst. Treasurer: Cecile Secreto
*Business Mgr: Ideal San Luis * Diding Tanseco
*Auditor: Priscilla Gomez *Asst. Auditor: Iris Semic
*P.R.O.: Ed Drilon * Sandra Adap Lala
*Peace Courtesy Officers: Tabitz * Jason T. * Bryan * Adrian * Paulo
*Board of Directors: Lourdes Liwag * Evangeline Drilon
*Arturo Semic *Dodoy Nacion * Maning Santocildes * Roque Setias
Change your strategy!

One day, there was a blind man sitting on the steps of a building with a sign by his feet, that read: "I am blind, please help."

A creative publicist was walking by the blind man and stopped to observe that the man only had a few coins in his hat. He put a few of his own coins in the hat, and without stopping to ask for permission, took the sign, turned it around, and wrote a new message. He then placed the sign by the feet of the blind man, and left.

Later that afternoon the creative publicist returned by the blind man and noticed that his hat was almost completely full of bills and coins. The blind man recognized his footsteps and asked if it was him who had changed his sign? He also wanted to know what the man wrote on it?

The publicist replied: "I just changed your message so people could relate to it." He wished the man well, said goodbye, and went on his way.

The blind man didn't know it, but his new sign now read:


The Moral of the Story:

Change your strategy when things aren't working and have faith that your change will be for the best. (Many thanks! to Manny Faelnar of SOLFED, Inc.)

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