Ang Republika Federal sg Kabisay-an (The Federal Republic of the Visayas)

Historical Facts obviously omitted or deliberately hidden in our School History Books
(Source: History Reborn"The Federal Republic of the Visayas" -by: dinggol a.divinagracia*June 12, 2007)

*That Spain had already formally surrendered to the Federal Republic of the Visayas even before Gen. Emilio Aguinaldo was proclaimed Philippine President in Malolos, Bulacan on January 23, 1899. That our Independent Visayan Republic, had never been under the authority and jurisdiction of Aguinaldo's "Katagalogan" Republic in Luzon.

excerpted: "...A paper written by Jose Manuel Velmonte, a research associate at the UP Third World Studies Center, found that the Visayan revolutionary elites not only had sophisticated political ideas but also resented attempts by Malolos to assert its authority. A Tagalog military expedition sent by Malolos to Panay to assert its presence was met with hostility. The Luzon force led by Generals Ananias Diocno and Leandro Fullon was regarded by the Visayan revolutionaries, led by the Visayan supremo, Gen. Martin Delgado, as an ''invasion'' force ..." (Source: Inquirer-1999- 06-13 "View of revolt in provinces spurs revision" By: Amando Doronila)

According to Dr. Luis C.Dery, an eminent Filipino Scholar: "Expounding the extent of Aguinaldo's Philippine Army; the Bangsamoro nation's Mindanao, Sulu, and the rest of its islands never fell under Aguinaldo's politico-military control and sovereignty. In fact as late as August 1898 much of northern Luzon, southern Luzon, the Visayas, and Mindanao remained outside of the control of Aguinaldo's Republic. Thus, several military expeditions were sent to these places to bring' them to recognize the First Philippine Republic."

*That the 1898 Treaty of Paris preliminaries, should not have included territories of the sovereign "Visayan Nation"; the confederation of both the Central and Western Visayas Cantonal Governments by virtue of Spain's formal surrender prior to this U.S. and Spain treaty of peace (Paris) and the $20-million buy-out. Spain had no more legal rights to sell. In legal parlance "nemodat quod non habet” -meaning “you cannot give what is not yours”.

This diplomatic "Faux pas" that was supposed to be officially consummated and became legal and internationally binding only on APRIL 11, 1899 should, or rather must be rectified.
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
*June 12, 1898 -Gen. Emilio Aguinaldo proclaimed Philippine Independence from Spain in Kawit, Cavite --but never won the war against Spain, as explained in the infamous betrayal --the "Mock Battle of Manila of August 23, 1898".

*Nov. 6 & Dec. 23, 1898 -Spain formally surrendered to both; the Negros Republic that merged (Dec. 2, 1898) with the Federal Republic of the Visayas based in Iloilo (respectively)

excerpted: "...These two nations, from a purely legal point of view, are COMPLETELY LEGITIMATE UNTIL TODAY. This could imply that the Manila-based Tagalista-oriented Unitarian central government of the Philippines in the Visayas and Mindanao is an Occupational Government, that ultimately originated from an invalid Treaty of Paris...."

Dr. Jose P. Dacudao; National President -Save Our Languages thru Federalism Foundation (SOLFED), Inc.

*July 4, 1946 -The United States of America granted Philippine Independence on a silver platter with strings attached.

"True Independence could never be just self-proclaimed nor bestowed upon, it has to be won and duly achieved with dignity" -- dinggol araneta divinagracia (Founder: Ilonggo Nation Movement (INM) Global Network ..Dec. 25, 2005)

*A lover of nature and reform activities by profession; a genealogist and environmentalist by avocation. A Cooperative Movement advocate, history buff and an amateur "newbie" writer)

"It is rather speculative as it is without basis of history if we mean of "history" is that which had been written for us by the "tutas" or lackeys of our colonial and imperial masters.." -- Benjie Evicner Estuche (INM Co-Founder)

The Cooperative Movement-"It is not the best way, it is the onlyway"..
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~oo0oo~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
Join the Last Laugh with us!

*When Christopher Columbus said that the world is round, people asked -What? and then they laughed.

*When the Wright brothers said they'll fly and soar the skies, people asked -How? and then they laughed.

*When Jules Verne wrote someday man could travel below the seven seas and shall walk on the moon, people asked - When? and then they laughed.

*When John the Baptist prophesied the coming of the Messiah, people asked -Who? and then they laughed.

*When the Ilonggo Nation Movement (INM) Global Network announced its mission and vision, people did not even bother to ask, What? How? When? or Who? --They just laughed and laughed. *People are still laughing, ...but the laughter is fading!

ang inyo alagad... sa guihapon ...dinggol a. divinagracia~~~

email address: dinggol1023@gmail.com

To join! As a start, visit FACEBOOK: Ilonggo Nation Movement website .. (Non-ilonggos who share our advocacy are welcome)
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~oo0oo~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~





"ACTA DE CAPITULACION~1898" (The Formal Surrender Document-Nov.6,1898)

"ACTA DE CAPITULACION~1898" (The Formal Surrender Document-Nov.6,1898)
By Spanish Governor-General Don Diego de los Rios
(The last duly constituted authority of Spain in the Philippine archipelago)
===============================================================

ANG PUNGSOD ILONGGO!

*Kabisay-an Nakatungdan*

*Ilonggo Nation Movement (INM) Global Network, precursor of the Ilonggo Nation Global Federation*

“To appreciate where you are now, you should know where you came from.”

============ ========= ========= ========= ========= ========= ========















Sunday, September 16, 2007

(Date: September 16, 2007)
============ ========= ========= ========= =========
Volume No. I * Issue No. 005 * Date: September 16, 2007*
============ ========= ========= ========= =========
CONTENTS: The Case of Datu Puti, Et al; The Verdict: "A HOAX" (Kuno!) *
Defending the Maragtas * The Maragtas Legend & the Ancient Chinese Ming
Dynasty * The Descendants of Datu Puti * Population Explotion and Poverty *
Announcement/s * The Benefits of Alcohol and the Value of a Drink …..Hik!
=============================================
The Case of Malay Datu Puti, et al...The Verdict: A Hoax ...(KUNO!)
(By: dinggol a. divinagracia -INM Banwa_Mo -September 15, 2007)
----------------------
Preface:
One hundred seventeen years ago today, September 15, 1890 --the fifth and last chapter of an essay was published in "LA SOLIDARIDAD". The title "THE INDOLENCE OF THE FILIPINOS'. The writer---Dr. Jose P. Rizal, a filipino reformist--- eventually became the Philippines National Hero .
-------------------------------------------.
This article is written as a tribute to The Man of many talents, now considered as the "Pride of the Malayan Race".
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Likewise, this article is written with malice towards none but with due respect to the following to wit:
-----------------------
1- The Scholars and Historians who had departed:
a) William Henry Scott -an American Historian who in 1968 started it all.
b) Fr. Horacio de la Costa,S.J.-first Filipino Provincial General of the Jesuits.
c) Teodoro Agoncillo -filipino nationalist at par with the likes of Renato Constantino.
d) Gregorio Zaide -Notable author of many Filipino History School Books.
------------------------
2- My friends and relatives who are in any way connected with the Clergy.
------------------------
3- And to all the "CONVERTS" of afore-mentioned foreign historian.
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Excerpts from article: The Maragtas Legend by William Henry Scott:
( http://www.mts.net/~pmorrow/marag_f.htm )
-------------------
The Legends of Maragtas:
The stories known as the Maragtas are legends that may have been based on actual events in the remote past. They are about the ten datus or chiefs who escaped the tyranny of Datu Makatunaw of Borneo and emigrated to the island of Panay..."
------------------------
Remarks: Mr. Scott did not discount the possibility as to its veracity. Probably the reality.
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Pedro Monteclaro's Maragtas:
Even though these legends have been known for generations, the word maragtas itself was unknown until it was used as the title of a book by Pedro Alcantara Monteclaro in 1907...
----------------------
Monteclaro regarded legends as an important part of Visayan heritage so he collected the various stories of the elderly of Panay and published them in his Maragtas..."
"...A large part of Maragtas appears to be based on a work written in 1858 by Fr. Tomás Santarén, and published in 1902 under the title Historia de los primeros datos. M4 It was a translation of one document of the mid 1800's and another older document..."
----------------------------
Remarks: WHAT'S in a NAME?... he could have used the words "Istorya kang Aninipay" or "Sugilanon sang Panay" or whatever.. what's the big deal?
--------------------------------
Perhaps these ten datus had different names...and not Puti, Bangkaya, Sumakwel, Paiborong, etc.; the bone of contention is that these early Malays peaceful emigration preceded the Spanish conquistadores in Panay.
--------------------------------
Fr. Tomas Santaren’s “Historia de los Primeros Datos Que, Procedentes de Borneo, Poblaron Estas Islas” were based from the manuscripts of his predecessor Fr. Agustín Rico O.S.A who was assigned as resident priest of Suarangan (San Joaquin) in 1801.
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Dr. Henry Otley Beyer:
The misconceptions surrounding Maragtas were further reinforced when even the highly respected historian, Dr. Henry Otley Beyer called it a prehispanic document. In Philippine Saga which he wrote with Jaime C. de Veyra in 1947, he mentioned a manuscript from Panay known as Maragtas and "the ancient writing in which it was originally inscribed". M7 Then in his Outline Review of Philippine Archaeology of 1949 he wrote the following:
------------------------------
A remarkable ancient document known as the "Maragtas," dating probably from about 1225, was preserved in Panay and transliterated into romanized Visayan in the early Spanish days. M8
-----------------------------
Remarks: Surely--- findings and opinions of the more credible and highly respected world renowned historian and archaeologist with the caliber of Dr. Henry Otley Beyer holds more ground.
----------------------------
Moreover, Jaime C. de Veyra, a Waray of Leyte whose Ilongga wife Sofia Reyes de Veyra were both notables during their time.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
The Verdict on Maragtas:
Maragtas was finally placed in its proper perspective as a book of legends rather than historical fact in 1968 by William Henry Scott. For his doctoral dissertation at the University of Santo Tomas, Scott made a painstaking investigation into all the sources of information about the Philippines before the coming of the Spaniards.
----------------------------
Rather than merely plagiarizing past historians, Scott examined the original documents and searched archives and museums the world over for supporting documents and artefacts..."
---------------------------------
Reference:
A Historian dies, but his story lives
by Joel R. Dizon
EDITORIAL [Gold Ore, Oct. ?, 1993]
-------------------------
William Henry Scott, renowned historian who authoried 15 books in Philippine history including The Discovery of the Igorots, is dead. He was 72 years old....
-------------------------
In it, Scott capsulized 18 years of work, faithfully following a cold trail of yellowed parchment records in some of the most obscure dustbins of history in the world: the Dominican Province, the Augustinian archives in Villadolid, Spain, the archives of the Indies in Seville and the Archivo Historico Nacional in Madrid..."
-------------------------------
Remarks: Relying mostly on evidence, documents concocted by self-serving chroniclers, some frayles of dubious origin, who together with the Conquistadores went on world rampage of plunder, rape, massacre and land grabbing using the sword and the cross in the name of GOD! and KING! to me --- is unacceptable!.
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Panel of Filipino Historians:
Scott successfully defended his dissertation before a panel of eminent Filipino historians, some of whom had formerly endorsed and promoted the erroneous facts of Philippine history. The panel included Teodoro Agoncillo, Horacio de la Costa, Marcelino Forondo, Mercedes Grau Santamaria, Nicholas Zafra and Gregorio Zaide.
----------------------------
Scott's meticulous research was published in 1968 in his book Prehispanic Source Materials for the Study of Philippine History and since then no historian has contested his conclusions. M12
------------------------------------------
Remarks:
*Teodoro Agoncillo - We have yet to see copy of his position on this controversy.
*Horacio de la Costa -member of the Jesuitic heirarchy
*Gregorio Zaide -continued to include information from Maragtas in his works but revised by daughter Sonia after his death.

---------------------------
But who are these three supposedly eminent Filipino historians. Will somebody tell me please! Marcelino Forondo; Mercedes Grau Santamaria; Nicholas Zafra.
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
The Result of Scott's Discoveries:
Most continued to reprint their old texts while others wrote new books that still contained the old mistakes. Take for example this quote from Ang Pagsulong ng Pamayanan (1981):
--------------------------------
Maragtas' Code is the premier example of written law and it has been considered the oldest because it was in effect from 1250. M13...
-------------------------------
Jose Villa Panganiban used Maragtas to trace the origin of the Tagalog language in the preface of the very popular English-Tagalog Dictionary by Fr. Leo James English in 1965. M14 To this day it remains unrevised in spite of many reprintings.
------------------------------
Even one member of Scott's dissertation panel did not appear to be eager to set the record straight. Gregorio Zaide continued to include information from Maragtas in works such as Pageant of Philippine History in 1979, History of the Republic of the Philippines in 1983 and Philippine History 1984...
------------------------------
Postscript:
To this day ignorance and misunderstanding of the true nature of Maragtas is still prevalent throughout Philippine society even among its highest institutions and organizations. Evidence of this can be seen in the following list of web sites:
------------------------------------
*Supreme Court of the Philippines
*Department of Education, Republic of the Philippines
*Governor's Office, Province of Antique
*Mayor's Office, City of Iloilo
*Madya-as Heritage Foundation Inc.
*Save Madya-as, Save Panay.
*Akaenon.Com
*Confederation of Madyaas.
------------------------------------------------
Remarks: Not only the highest Court of the land ignore this misconcepcion propagated by Henry William Scott; but still many, many more respectable institutions, groups and enlightened citizenry.
----------------------
It is regrettable, however, to note that “Maragtas” was sticken-out in Elementary grades textbooks in the late 1960’s by the Department of Education nationwide due to Mr. Scott’s theory.
===========================================================
The Indolence of the Filipinos
English translation by Charles Derbyshire. The article by José Rizal, originally written in Spanish, was published in La Solidaridad in five installments, from July 15 to September 15, 1890.
---------------------------------
Part-III
"...Wherefore, Gaspar de San Agustin says: "Although anciently there were in this town of Dumangas many people, in the course of time they have very greatly diminished because the natives are the best sailors and most skillful rowers on the whole coast, and so the governors in the port of Iloilo take most of the people from this town for the ships that they send abroad . . . When the Spaniards reached this island (Panay) it is said that there were on it more than fifty thousand families; but these diminished greatly . . .
------------
Part-IV
"...Speaking of Ipion, in Panay, Padre Gaspar de San Agustin says: "It was in ancient times very rich in gold . . . but provoked by he annoyances they suffered from some governors they have ceased to get it out, preferring to live in poverty than to suffer such hardships." (page 378)
--------------------------------
For some time the friars have deceived many by making them believe that if these plantations were prospering, it was because they were under their care, and the indolence of the natives was thus emphasized; but they forget that in some provinces where they have not been able for some reason to get possession of the best tracts of land, their plantations, like Bauan and Liang, are inferior to Taal, Balayan, and Lipa, regions cultivated entirely by the natives without any monkish interference whatsoever...."
-------------------------------
Remarks: Evidently, descendants of these early Malay Datus abounded in "Araut" or Dumangas in Iloilo and "Taal" in Batangas as contained in my article---The Descendants of "Datu Puti" which is in contradiction to Mr. Scott's theory but conforms with Dr. Jose Rizal' essay.
-------------------------------------------------------------------
Epilogue:
I wonder how this retired lay missionary of the Episcopal Church from New Jersey USA, in a short span of only nine (9) years since his 1954 arrival in the Philippines was able to twist the minds thereafter, of some people to forget their glorious past and noble heritage.
----------------------------
Reminds me of a court trial scene in a movie of long ago. "Shake hands with the Devil"... the setting was Ireland. Charged for treason, the accused freedom fighter was asked if she has anything to say before the verdict is read. And she said: "What is an English Judge doing in an Irish Court?"
--------------------------------
(n.b. This article was first posted on September 15, 2006 at www.ilonggo-nation.8k.com)
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
===============================================================
Defending the “Maragtas” :

SCOTT, BIASED AGAINST THE MARAGTAS
(By: Guillermo Gomez Rivera-INM Banwa_Mo: HispanoFilipino eGroup)
-----------------------------
William Henry Scott, we are told was a Mason as well as a sectarian Protestant neocolonizer masquarading as an anthropologist, to distort in many ways the pre-Hispanic Native history and culture.
-----------------------------
Calling the Maragtas a "myth" is an insult to all Ylongos. But has any tried to find out why Scott called the "Maragtás" a myth?
-----------------------------
We did. And the reason given to us is that it is NOT WRITTEN, therefore there is no document sayng that the Marágtas is true. therefore it is a "myth", or a made up story.
----------------------------
Now this argument is atrocious and arbitrary. In the first place nobody said that the Maragtas is something that was originally written. There is such a thing, after all, as ORAL LITERATURE or ORAL TRADITION. And that is what the Marágtas really is. IT IS AN ORAL TRADITION or AN ORAL LITERATURE. Being ORAL, it is but logical to understand that it is not written.
---------------------------
But the Maragtás was later on written down by a Spanish Friar, Tomás Santarén, OSA, in 1853 or 1856. It was written down in its original Kinaray-a language and translated into Spanish. The moment it was written, it also became WRITTEN LITERATURE aside from the ORAL LITERATURE THAT it is originally.
---------------------------
So what is the basis for calling it a myth? Nothing.
---------------------------
It is just because a Spanish Friar, a Catholic, is credited for having saved it, its importance to our people is being denied outright!.
---------------------------
It is a fact that the Protestants American colonizers we have do not like the Spanish Friars, their competition in the "religious market" in these Islands, and it is they since 1900 who have been maligning this Friars just to show us that they are better "servants of God" than those Spanish Friar missionaries.
---------------------------
This is downright sectarianism of the worst kind. Together with these Protestant bigots, we have their local converts (I know one of them from Silliman University who talks and tlaks but says nothing in the long run), who hate what Ylongos, Cebuanos, Tagalos, etc., have as their Spanish heritage.
--------------------------
Let us not believe everythng that a Protestant like William Henry Scott writes of plain bigotry, like this one saying that the Maragtas is a Myth. Let us neither beliee what his follower, CCP anthropologist Landa-Jocano said that we cannot accept the Maragtas as an historical evidence becuase
it is not a written document.
--------------------------
Al this balderdash. Tinunto ni tanan. Binuang!
--------------------------
We who have heared the maragtas being told to us by our grandparents as a bedtime story in our childhood can not err if we say that these U.S.WASP missionaries are wrong, and have nothing to do, with what the Maragtas is for all of us who speak Ylongo from birth.
---------------------------------
Editors Note:
INM Banwa_Mo Member Don Guillermo Gómez Rivera, whose
ancestors came from Dingle and Calinog in Iloilo is also related to the
illustrious old Sino-Hispano families of "Parian" now Molo, Iloilo City
and Negros Occidental.

He is the author of HILIGAYNON HARVEST (Filipino Heritage

Encyclopedia, Vol. 6). This former member of the 1971-73 Philippine
Constitutional Convention-- National Language Committee was
acclaimed ----Laureled Prince of Ylongo Poetry in 1977.
============ ========= ===
In Defense of Maragtas
(By Atty. Rex S. Salvilla)
---------------------
WHAT is Maragtas? It is the folk story of the exodus of ten Malay datus from Bornay (Borneo) to Panay centuries ago led by Datu Puti.
---------------------
This story was handed down from generation to generation by word of mouth among the inhabitants of Panay. It was first put into print in 1907 authored by Pedro A. Monteclaro of Miagao, Iloilo, a leader of the Philippine Revolution and first president of his town during the American regime. It was published by the Kadampig sang Banwa (Defenders of the Country).
----------------------
Maragtas is the historical basis of the regional festivals in Panay-Binirayan of Antique, Dinagyang of Iloilo and Halaran of Capiz. The Ati-atihan of Aklan is also based on a peace treaty between the aboriginal atis (Negritos) and the descendants of Datu Bangkaya, one of the ten datus.
-----------------------
Before World War II, textbooks in the elementary grades throughout the country included the Maragtas story up to some time in the late 1960s when it was stricken out of these books.
-----------------------
The reason of the Department of Education then was a book by an American William Henry Scott, Prehispanic Source Materials for the Study of Philippine History published in 1968 allegedly stating that Maragtas is a myth.
-------------------------
This is very glaringly misleading because this is what was actually written by Scott:
-------------------------
"There is no reason to doubt that this legend preserves the memory of an actual event, but it is not possible to date the event itself or to decide which of its details are historic facts and which are the embellishment of generation of oral transmission" (page 103, 1984, Second Edition).
--------------------------
Where does it say here that Maragtas is a myth? Instead, Scott here does not doubt (meaning, he is certain) that Maragtas is "the memory of an actual event." So, the exudos really and actually happened! We wonder how the Department of Education then could have concluded from Scott's work that Maragtas is a myth?
--------------------------
At any rate, let us go to some aspects of Maragtas.
--------------------------
First - This story mentions more than sixty names, which are very difficult to invent. These included the names of the ten datus, their wives, kins, households and subordinate leaders. If Maragtas is a myth, why did the story teller took the trouble of mentioning these so many names?
--------------------------
Second - The story mentions that some time after the ten datus landed in San Joaquin, they took a trip around Aninipay (the name given by the Atis to the island), later changed by the Malays to Madia-as and then by the Spaniards to Panay.
--------------------------
In the story of this clockwise trip around the island, the Malays dropped from place to place some families, which settled there. The names of these places appear to be correct in their geographical order around Panay from Malandog (Antique) back to Bucaya (San Joaquin). Why this accuracy if it is not true?
---------------------------
(Source: Sun Star-Iloilo October 11, 2002)
---------------------------
Editors Note:
Rex S. Salvilla, a lawyer by profession and famed ilonggo historian
is the President of West Visayas Historical Research Foundation, Inc
.
=====================================
Reaction from PhiladelphiaPA-USA:
Lagting man angud si aton TOTO REX bah. Kamusta lang dayan kana sa Iloilo kag kay AGURANG MAURO man rugyan sa kadutaan kang mga kangaroo.
----------------------------
The citation made by Atty. Salvilla on the W.H. Scott book simply illustrates the hysteria by which the corruptors of our people and culture react in order to put the nation and its people into a LTML, or "Long Term Memory Loss." Usually, these people come from the religious establishment who are proponents of a "national amnesia" in order to hide their sins of commissions.
---------------------------
And the next accusation that they are going to make is already done by "demonizing" their protagonists. Hehehe! Palaba-laba sungay na lang ini seguro...Pero si Jose Rizal wala man 'to sungay ugaling miembro sang Mason gani ginpapatay sang mga relihiyoso paagi sa pagpusil sa Bagumbayan. Ikapila gani ina nga sugo sa 10 Commandments, Agurang Dinggol, inang siling nila nga mando sang Diyos nga "Dili ka magpatay?"
----------------------------
Hay maan kaninyo! Nagasakit ang dughan ko...Inday Zelds, butwa ka man abi agud to nga magnayanaya ang aton adlaw....
----------------------------
AGURANG AMIN
(Benjie Estuche -INM: PhillyPA-USA)
===============================
Reaction from Ontario-Canada:
Mayad nga adlaw lang dyan sa tanan. Ti Nong Rud, Tay Amin, sa diin kita kadya managbalay, sa Capitol Hill ukon sa Roxas Blvd?
--------------------------
Suno sa mga pahayag nanda ngadya ni Mananabang Rex kag ni JGR ang Maragtas ta natabo gid man. Kag bisan pa gani mo. Lima ka libo ka tuig maghalin dukar-on sin-o gid abi ang magtul-id kon ano nga siglo nag abot ya mga kamal-aman naton sa baybay kang San Joaquin?
---------------------------
Indi bala nga gapati man gani kita nga si Noah kag ang anang Arko gin anaw man? Ti, wala man maman-an kon ano nga siglo to. Wala man gani maman-an kon may arko gid man. Ti dya nga mga sugilanon, wala man dya mabalhag kang pagkatabo na gid. Naman-an man naton tanan nga dya nga mga sugilanon history dya kang mga Hudeo.
---------------------------
We all know that the Old Testament bible is the history of the Jews. Nobody questions it's authenticity.
---------------------------
Ti ang akon lang kadya gani hay makarulouy lang kita. Indi bala Tay Amin nga ang hurobaton kang paborito mo nga santo, "Ang wala gabalikid sa anang ginhalinan (gingikanan) , indi makaabot sa anang padulungan?" Ti ano gani ang balikdon mo kon ginpakilo ron nanda ang aton ginhalinan. Ti daad, mahulag ron kita kadya.
----------------------------
Inday Zelds
(Zelda Lopez -INM: Ontario-Canada)
=================================oo0oo==========================
ANG MARAGTAS KANG MADYA-AS
-------------------------------------------------
The "Maragtas" legend explained that sometime between 1200-1250's; ten (10) Malay Datus together with their families, households and subordinates fled the tyrannical rule of Makatunaw, the Shri-Vijaya Sultan of Bornay (Borneo).
-------------------------
Led by Datu Puti, the Sultanate Minister, they landed in the Island of "Aninipay" or Panay.

They bartered their gold and jewelries with the local Ati Chieftain Marikudo for the lowlands, plains and valleys of the Island they called "Madya-as" or Paradise. The land where time began; the birth of the Ilonggo Nation and the cradle of ancient Filipino civilization.
--------------------------
For about 300 years before the coming of the Spaniards, the Ilonggos lived in comparative prosperity and peace under an organized government, the "Katiringban et Madia-as" or the Confederation of Madya-as and with such laws as the Code of Kalantiaw.
---------------------------
Nota Bene: Period of emigration was later confirmed to be during the early part of the 1400's as recorded in the ancient Chinese Ming Dynasty Chronicles. (Related article below)
==============================================================
The Maragtas Legend and the Ancient Chinese Ming Dynasty:
(By: dinggol a.divinagracia- INM Banwa_Mo -September 25,2006)
------------ --------- --------- --------- --
The inclusion in the ancient Chronology of the "Chinese Ming Dynasty and Islamic Influences" by Guo Zhongli about the saga of Bornean Datu Putih, Code of Kalantiaw and the Maragtas Code of Sumakwel, are like drops of rain on a hot summer day.
------------ --------- --
Likewise, this is a shot in the arm to believers of their glorious past & noble heritage.
------------ --------- -
According to Ming Chroniclers:
"...1372 AD -Sabah Journal reported a Ming envoy, Prince Sahib ul-Kahar Ong Sum-ping to have sailed through the Sulu Archipelago to Kinabatangan in North Borneo and established a permanent Chinese foothold in that vast uninhabited island...."
------------ --------- -
"...1390 AD - Srivijayan Raja Baguinda, a minor ruler of Minangkabau, arrived in Sulu from Swarna Dwipa and founded the town of Bwansa in Jolo Island;...."
------------ --------- -
Hypothetical analysis:
With the passage of time, inter-marriages and the relationships between neighboring islanders brought about the contemporaries of Sri-Vijayan Ruler Sultan Makatunaw (or whoever his name), Datu Putih and the Bornean datus who later fled Bornay and landed in Panay in the early 1400's. (Not between 1214-1250 as earlier believed)
------------ --------- --------- --------- ----
We noted the following in contradiction viz-a-viz our contentions:
------------ --------- --------- --------- ----
According to Ming Chroniclers:
"...1433 AD - A Seven-Datu-Council codified the Code of Kalantiaw (by Kalantiaw) and the Maragtas Code (by Sumakwel) for the people of Panay Island;
-Three Adatus from the original ten who came to Panay left for Batangas and Mindoro;
-Datu Putih was one of them but eventually returned to North Borneo from where no trace of him was found...."
------------
Our Contentions:---------------------------- Ming Dynasty Chroniclers:
1) The name: Datu Puti ------------ ---------Datu Putih
2) Landed in Panay: middle 13th Century----Early 15th century
3) 3-datus remained 7 left for luzon------- ---7-datus remained 3 left for luzon
4) Reached Batangas & explored luzon------- Reached Mindoro, Batangas & explored Luzon
5) from Batangas, settled & died in Sulu------Back to Borneo with no trace thereafter
------------ -
"Astana Putih" - present seat of the Royal Sulu Sultanate at Umbal Duwa in Indanan, Jolo Island in the Tausog Region of Sulu could have been named after Datu Putih.
------------ --------- --------- ----
We are inclined to believe the ancient Chinese Ming Dynasty recorded chronicles because of the confirmed two points early emigration to the Philippine archipelago, also above-cited.
------------ --------- --------- ----
Be that as it may, Pedro A. Monteclaro painstakingly created a legacy to all his "Kasimanwa"--- a guide for future generations; notwithstanding attempts of distortions by others to discredit his efforts.
------------ --------- --------- ---
The "Maragtas Legend" shall forever be in the minds and enshrined in the hearts of Ilonggos, wherever they may be...a nostalgic memory...of a perceived myth that became a legend ...and the legend that turned out to be the history of a proud and noble People...of the once great Ilonggo Nation!
==============================================================
ANG MGA KALIWAT NI “DATU PUTI"
(ni: dinggol a. divinagracia - INM Banwa_Mo -Sept. 1, 2006)
-------------------------------------------------------
Sadto nga mga panahon, sang ang “Aninipay” ukon Isla sang Panay nabahin na sa mga tribu sa pag pamuno nanday Datu Bangkaya ang Akean” (Aklan & Capiz); Datu Paiburong ang “Irong-Irong” (Iloilo) kag sa kay Datu Sumakwel naman ang “Hamtik” (Antique); ang tribu iya ni Datu Puti kag sang iban pa, nag pasad puluy-an sa “Araut” (Dumangas) malapit sa pampang sang suba nga indi man malayo sa dagat nga naga atubang sa Isla sang “Himal-os” (Guimaras).
-------------------------------------------------------
Nag ligad ang mga tinuig, ang apo ni Datu Puti ang ngalan Raja-Mun upod ang iya sakop nag balhin sa lugar nga madamo ang tanum nga putat kag ila gin hingadlan “Kaputatan” (Pototan). Apang ang iya guid suod nga bugto ngalan si Raja-il nag pabilin sa “Araut” (Dumangas) sang ang mal-am nga Apoy kag anum ka Datu upod iban nga sakop liwan nga nag bugsay sang ila mga “Balanghai” padulong sa “Selorang Lusong” (Luzon) kag sila naka abot sa pampang sang daku nga suba didto sa “Taal” (Batangas).
-------------------------------------------------------
After partitioning "Aninipay" or the Island of Panay which they called "Madya-as" or Paradise, among the tribes under Datu Bangkaya, Paiburong and Sumakwel--- the exit point of Datu Puti and the remaining tribes after deciding to sail farther north towards Luzon was the Malay settlement at the banks of Araut (Dumangas) River.
-------------------------------------------------------
While some of his kinsmen accompanied him, others opted to remain in Araut... finding the place rich .. fertile soil and with abundance in marine products.
-------------------------------------------------------
Years later, one of his Malay grandson Raja-Mun, (Datu Ramon-evidently a convert) left Dumangas together with his family and settled in "Kaputatan" what is now the Town of Pototan in Iloilo. While his closest brother Raja-il and others stayed behind.
-------------------------------------------------------
Historians believe that the present Batanguenos are also descendants of Datu Puti and the other Bornean Datu who later left the Island of Panay and set up the first Malay settlement at the mouth of Taal (Batangas) River.
------------------------------------------------------
In the year 1570, Kapitan Juan de Salcedo -- grandson of the "El Adelantado" Don Miguel Lopez de Legaspi, as second in command to Spanish Conquistador Martin de Goiti, together...explored the coast of Batangas on their way to "Maynilad" and came upon the Malay settlement at the mouth of the Taal River and in 1572, the town of Taal in Batangas was founded.
-----------------------------------------------------
Undoubtedly, before Datu Puti -- the Shri-Vijaya Sultanate Minister went back to Bornay (Borneo) to face uncertain fate, his seeds were planted along the banks of Araut (Dumangas) River in Iloilo; Taal (Batangas) River in Southern Luzon and the most logical route back to Bornay.... via the Tausog Region where early Malay settlements were established in Mindanao.
-----------------------------------------------------
Therefore, the Ilonggos, Batanguenos and Tausogs have direct bloodline from Datu Puti. And that was long before the Portuguese Ferdinand Magellan and the Spanish Conquistadores Don Miguel Lopez de Legaspi, his grandson Kapitan Juan de Salcedo and Martin de Goiti came into the picture.
------------------------------------------------------
Here's excerpt from article; A Rejoinder: The Ilonggo Nation Movement "League of Filipino Nations" at: http://www.ilonggo-nation.8k.com/
------------------------------------------------------
“. . . f) THE SOUTHERN TAGALOG NATION; To include both CALABARZON and MIMAROPA? -The first "Tagalog Nation" came into being when the group of Datu Puti settled the fertile banks of Batangas river (ilog). He left Panay Island to be ruled by Datu: Paiburong, Bangkaya and Sumakwel. Datu Puti, a Shri- Vijaya Sultanate Minister of Bornay (Borneo) went home to face uncertain fate.
------------------------------------------------------
Left behind to explore Luzon and the remaing islands were the six bornean tribes of Datu Dumansil, Dumalugdog, Balkasusa, Paduhinog, Balinsusa, and Lubay. Many great Filipino Patriots and Heroes descended from these equally great ancestors. Among them, Dr. Jose P. Rizal considered "The Pride of the Malayan Race" . . . .”
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~oo0oo~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

POPULATION EXPLOSION AND POVERTY
(By: Ernesto"Ernie"Gange -INM: BucksCntyPA-USA)
------------------------------
When we talk about the population explosion in the Philippines, I will
lay the blame on the Catholic Church, period. I still recall my meeting
with the former First Lady Ming Ramos, in February '94.
-----------------------------
Our 15 minute meeting lasted for 45 minutes, because, our conversation
extended to the role of the Catholic Church in the population control
or the lack of it in the Philippines.

It is true that there is a separation of the Church and the State, but,
in the Philippines, the Church has more influence in the lives of the
people than the Government.
-------------------------------
The primary agenda for our meeting was to seek the support of Inday Ming
to become our spokesperson for the children for the Pearl S. Buck
International, an organization whose mission is "to help children
worldwide."
-------------------------------
After Inday Ming (she is Ilongga) accepted the the task, our conversation
continued and she told us that the cleanup of the PASIG RIVER, was a
challenge. Imagine she said, that, the squatters demanded that they must
be paid 15,000 pesos per family if their hut is moved, and, there is a
law in the Philippines that also requires government to provide employment
for the head of the family who is relocated from the PASIG RIVER.
------------------------------
Although the clean up of the Pasig River was partially successful,but, the
succeeding administration failed to continue with the program. Now, we are
back to square one.
------------------------------
When we continued our dscussion on the issues of the children, including
the thousands of street children who were left to fend for themselves in
the streets of Metro Manila, Cebu, Davao, Bacolod City, Iloilo City and in
all large cities in the Philippines, Ming was disappointed.
-----------------------------
She related to us her meeting with the late Cardinal Sin, (also an Ilonggo)
at the Cardinal's Palace. She told Cardinal Sin, that, the Catholic Church
has a responsibility and can influence the people in managing the population
of the Philippines. The Cardinal Sin replied, and proceeded to tell her,
that, Ming, we (Catholics) "will not compromise the word of God," and Ming
replied, Cardinal Sin, why don't you leave you palace and visit the SQUATTERS
VILLAGES IN BASECO, TONDO?
------------------------------
Of course, the Cardinal told her, that, "it is the problem of the Government
to provide for it's people."
------------------------------
The children are the victims in a country where the population is not
controlled. It requires the cooperation of everybody including the CHURCH and
the STATE.
-----------------------------
The direction of the Philippines depends primarily on it's people, starting
with the children.
----------------------------
Editors Note:
INM Banwa_Mo Member Ernesto"Ernie"Gange belongs to an
illustrious family in "Himal-os", the Island Province of Guimaras.

He is a well known figure in the U.S. Fil-Am circle for his numerous
activities.

Ernie is a serious advocate of our cultural heritage and is the Founding
Chairman for the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania National Federation
of Filipino American Associations (NaFFAA), Inc.
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~oo0oo~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
ANNOUNCEMENT: FROM THE UNIVERSITY OF SAN AGUSTIN ALUMNI ASSOCIATION

August 31, 2007

Subject: Augustinian Grand International Reunion - October 19-21, 2007
---------------------
Dear Fellow Augustinian Alumni and Friends:
--------------------
Warm Augustinian greetings to you all!! The Organizing Committee would like to invite you to the first Grand International Reunion of Augustinian Alumni and Friends to be held at the Gold Coast Hotel in Las Vegas, Nevada on October 19-21, 2007.
--------------------
The main purpose of this reunion is to gather alumni and friends, so that we may renew friendships, forge new ones and discuss how we may be able to extend goodwill and/or help to each other as well as to the students, faculty, Augustinian Fathers, administrative staff of the University of San Agustin in Iloilo City and the Colegio de San Agustin in Bacolod City in the Philippines.
-------------------
We are very pleased to announce that Rev. Fr. Manuel Vergara, O.S.A., President of the University of San Agustin, has accepted our invitation to attend the Grand Reunion. Several other faculty members at the University have likewise accepted the invitation. We now have over 150 alumni and friends who have confirmed their attendance.
-------------------
We are excited to see all of you in Las Vegas in October 2007. Please make every effort to attend. If you have any questions and for invitational flyers, please do not hesitate to call us or send us an email. Thank you.
------------------
Sincerely,
-----------------
Edith M. Ardiente
15314 Bunker Drive
Orland Park, Illinois 60462
(edith.ardiente@nav_international.com)
-----------------------------------
The Organizing Committee:
-Nestor and Edith (Mijares) Ardiente *nestorardiente@yahoo.com * Tel. (708)460-2264
-Hilarion and Severina (Abad) Cordero *juncord@gmail.com * Tel. (702)873-2827 (24/7)
-Teddy, Jr. and Ninfa (Sales) Gonzales *tedgonza@optonline.net * Tel. (973)779-1949
-Dennis and Nenita Jereza *dajereza@yahoo.com * Tel. (510)396-2854
-Greg and Alma (Sua-an) Kilayco *gregsk@juno.com * Tel. (702)236-8111

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~oo0oo~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
The Benefits of Alcohol and The Value of a Drink --Hik!
-----------------
"Sometimes when I reflect back on all the wine I drink I feel shame.
----------------
Then I look into the glass and think about the workers in the vineyards
and all of their hopes and dreams If I didn't drink this wine, they
might be out of work and their dreams would be shattered.
---------------
Then I say to myself, "It is better that I drink this wine and let their
dreams come true than be selfish and worry about my liver." ~Jack Handy~
----------------
WARNING: The consumption of alcohol may leave you wondering what the hell
happened to your bra and panties.
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
"I feel sorry for people who don't drink. When they wake up in the morning,
that's as good as they're going to feel all day." ~Frank Sinatra~
----------------
WARNING: The consumption of alcohol may create the illusion that you are;
tougher, smarter, faster and better looking than most people.
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~-
"When I read about the evils of drinking, I gave up reading."
~Henny Youngman~
------------------
WARNING: The consumption of alcohol may lead you to think people are
laughing WITH you.
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
"24 hours in a day, 24 beers in a case. Coincidence? I think not."
~Stephen Wright~
------------------
WARNING: The consumption of alcohol may cause you to think you can sing.
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
"When we drink, we get drunk. When we get drunk, we fall asleep. When
wefall asleep, we commit no sin. When we commit no sin, we go to heaven.
So, let's all get drunk and go to heaven!" ~Brian O'Rourke~
-----------------
WARNING: The consumption of alcohol may cause pregnancy.
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
"Beer is proof that God loves us and wants us to be happy."
~Benjamin Franklin~
-------------------
WARNING: The consumption of alcohol is a major factor in dancing like
a retard.
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
"Without question, the greatest invention in the history of mankind is beer.
----------------
Oh, I grant you that the wheel was also a fine invention, but the wheel does
not go nearly as well with pizza." ~Dave Barry~
-----------------
WARNING: The consumption of alcohol may cause you to tell your friends over
and over again that you love them.
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
To some, it's a six-pack... To me, it's a Support Group.. Salvation in a can!
~Dave Howell~
-----------------------
WARNING: The consumption of alcohol may make you think you can logically
converse with members of the opposite sex without spitting.
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
And saving the best for last, as explained by Cliff Clavin, of Cheers.
------------------------
One afternoon at Cheers, Cliff Clavin was explaining the Buffalo Theory to
his buddy Norm. Here's how it went:
---------------------
"Well ya see, Norm, it's like this... A herd of buffalo can only move as
fast as the slowest buffalo. And when the herd is hunted, it is the slowest
and weakest ones at the back that are killed first.
--------------------
This natural selection is good for the herd as a whole, because the general
speed and health of the whole group keeps improving by the regular killing of
the weakest members.
-------------------
In much the same way, the human brain can only operate as fast as the slowest
brain cells.
-------------------
Excessive intake of alcohol, as we know, kills brain cells. But naturally,
it attacks the slowest and weakest brain cells first. In this way, regular
consumption of beer eliminates the weaker brain cells, making the brain a
faster and more efficient machine.
--------------------
That's why you always feel smarter after a few beers."
-------------------
WARNING: The consumption of alcohol may make you think you are whispering
when you are not.
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
(Thanks! to Kenneth Benedicto)
==============================oo0oo=========================

1 comment:

JSC2125 said...

Mas maayo pa kun nag Federal Republic of the Visayas kita hasta subong. Kay ang Pilipinas subong nga tuig 2007. Numero uno as "Asia's 10 Most Corrupt Countries" reference: http://www.asianoffbeat.com/default.asp?Display=844) kag ika 121 kita sa bug-os sang kalibutan nga Corrupt Nasyon (reference: http://www.transparency.org/news_room/in_focus/2006/cpi_2006__1/cpi_table) from Transparency International.

Kristyneve Network
Ilonggo na nagaestar sa NY