Ang Republika Federal sg Kabisay-an (The Federal Republic of the Visayas)

Historical Facts obviously omitted or deliberately hidden in our School History Books
(Source: History Reborn"The Federal Republic of the Visayas" -by: dinggol a.divinagracia*June 12, 2007)

*That Spain had already formally surrendered to the Federal Republic of the Visayas even before Gen. Emilio Aguinaldo was proclaimed Philippine President in Malolos, Bulacan on January 23, 1899. That our Independent Visayan Republic, had never been under the authority and jurisdiction of Aguinaldo's "Katagalogan" Republic in Luzon.

excerpted: "...A paper written by Jose Manuel Velmonte, a research associate at the UP Third World Studies Center, found that the Visayan revolutionary elites not only had sophisticated political ideas but also resented attempts by Malolos to assert its authority. A Tagalog military expedition sent by Malolos to Panay to assert its presence was met with hostility. The Luzon force led by Generals Ananias Diocno and Leandro Fullon was regarded by the Visayan revolutionaries, led by the Visayan supremo, Gen. Martin Delgado, as an ''invasion'' force ..." (Source: Inquirer-1999- 06-13 "View of revolt in provinces spurs revision" By: Amando Doronila)

According to Dr. Luis C.Dery, an eminent Filipino Scholar: "Expounding the extent of Aguinaldo's Philippine Army; the Bangsamoro nation's Mindanao, Sulu, and the rest of its islands never fell under Aguinaldo's politico-military control and sovereignty. In fact as late as August 1898 much of northern Luzon, southern Luzon, the Visayas, and Mindanao remained outside of the control of Aguinaldo's Republic. Thus, several military expeditions were sent to these places to bring' them to recognize the First Philippine Republic."

*That the 1898 Treaty of Paris preliminaries, should not have included territories of the sovereign "Visayan Nation"; the confederation of both the Central and Western Visayas Cantonal Governments by virtue of Spain's formal surrender prior to this U.S. and Spain treaty of peace (Paris) and the $20-million buy-out. Spain had no more legal rights to sell. In legal parlance "nemodat quod non habet” -meaning “you cannot give what is not yours”.

This diplomatic "Faux pas" that was supposed to be officially consummated and became legal and internationally binding only on APRIL 11, 1899 should, or rather must be rectified.
*June 12, 1898 -Gen. Emilio Aguinaldo proclaimed Philippine Independence from Spain in Kawit, Cavite --but never won the war against Spain, as explained in the infamous betrayal --the "Mock Battle of Manila of August 13, 1898".

*Nov. 6 & Dec. 23, 1898 -Spain formally surrendered to both; the Negros Republic that merged (Dec. 2, 1898) with the Federal Republic of the Visayas based in Iloilo (respectively)

excerpted: "...These two nations, from a purely legal point of view, are COMPLETELY LEGITIMATE UNTIL TODAY. This could imply that the Manila-based Tagalista-oriented Unitarian central government of the Philippines in the Visayas and Mindanao is an Occupational Government, that ultimately originated from an invalid Treaty of Paris...."

Dr. Jose P. Dacudao; National President -Save Our Languages thru Federalism Foundation (SOLFED), Inc.

*July 4, 1946 -The United States of America granted Philippine Independence on a silver platter with strings attached.

"True Independence could never be just self-proclaimed nor bestowed upon, it has to be won and duly achieved with dignity" -- dinggol araneta divinagracia (Founder: Ilonggo Nation Movement (INM) Global Network ..Dec. 25, 2005)

*A lover of nature and reform activities by profession; a genealogist and environmentalist by avocation. A Cooperative Movement advocate, history buff and an amateur "newbie" writer)

"It is rather speculative as it is without basis of history if we mean of "history" is that which had been written for us by the "tutas" or lackeys of our colonial and imperial masters.." -- Benjie Evicner Estuche (INM Co-Founder)

The Cooperative Movement-"It is not the best way, it is the onlyway"..
Join the Last Laugh with us!

*When Christopher Columbus said that the world is round, people asked -What? and then they laughed.

*When the Wright brothers said they'll fly and soar the skies, people asked -How? and then they laughed.

*When Jules Verne wrote someday man could travel below the seven seas and shall walk on the moon, people asked - When? and then they laughed.

*When John the Baptist prophesied the coming of the Messiah, people asked -Who? and then they laughed.

*When the Ilonggo Nation Movement (INM) Global Network announced its mission and vision, people did not even bother to ask, What? How? When? or Who? --They just laughed and laughed. *People are still laughing, ...but the laughter is fading!

ang inyo alagad... sa guihapon ...dinggol a. divinagracia~~~

email address:

To join! As a start, visit FACEBOOK: Ilonggo Nation Movement website .. (Non-ilonggos who share our advocacy are welcome)

"ACTA DE CAPITULACION~1898" (The Formal Surrender Document)

"ACTA DE CAPITULACION~1898" (The Formal Surrender Document)
*Nov. 6 & Dec. 23, 1898 -Spain formally surrendered to both; the Negros Republic that merged (Dec. 2, 1898) with the Federal Republic of the Visayas based in Iloilo (respectively)
Ergo! we won our battle-scarred freedom and legitimate independence and became a sovereign nation. The "First" Republic in the whole of Asia, but was nipped-in-the bud by the ugly Americans. A diplomatic faux pas, a political blunder and a travesty of history! --dinggol.d~~~


Claim Your Birth Right!

*Estado Federal de Bisayas*

*Ilonggo Nation Movement (INM) Global Network, precursor of the Ilonggo Nation Global Federation*

“To appreciate where you are now, you should know where you came from.”

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Sunday, July 12, 2015



Agurang Dinggol,

Salamat, ti ari na gid ko ya.

Nindot ning ginsiling mo: "In short, I would still prefer to believe history handed down from generation to generation rather than from any Tom, Dick and Harry."

Mopati gid ko nimo nga:

1. "History"is handed down from generation to generation. On-going "history" is handed down from communities or families from one generation to the next.

2. Families or communities of Tom, Dick and Harry hand down their victor's version of history. On the other hand, the likes of 'Paguntalan' hand down their own version of history to their offsprings' generation and the next.

3. There are different interpretations of 'history'. Which 'history' do you prefer to believe? Which interpretations? Which re-interpretations?

4. The point is: 'history' as an interpretation depends on the interpreters. It depends on the parents, their offsprings and the next generation of families, how they understand and judge the experience being passed on from parents and ancestors. It depends on the 'integrity' or truthfulness of the interpreters. It depends on the authenticity of the interpreters(ancestors and offsprings, the historians), that is, depending on their level of attentiveness to experience and research, level of understanding of what actually happened, use of reason for right judgment, and level of responsibility and success on passing it on to the next generation.

And would it be received successfully, rightly and intelligently by the next generations, givent the records and stories?

5. Nevertheless, what is being interpreted are the facts or evidence of 'history' (or lack of it. ). Thus, 'history' as what actually happened is the answer of questions, such as what actually happened in such a place in such a time in such persons or community? True 'historians go beyond interpretations to get the right judgment of what actually happened with the use of reason and rationality. Previous interpretations are continuously disproven or reinterpreted in the light of new understanding given the discovery of the new data or evidence, until they get the right judgment on what actually happened, on the first place, in that place, in that moment of history.

6. Generally speaking, We, who should be (supposedly) attentive, intelligent, rational and responsible human beings do experience, understand, know and responsibly live in this constantly changing and historical world!

7. Lived history is ongoing. It has moments in the past and continuing moments of today in the lives of communities. Communites have common meanings and understandings of truths to be passed on for the following generations or communities who would successfully (or unsuccessfully) receive and pass them on. If one generation today die without passing them on, if the records and evidence are destoryed and lost, buried in time and oblivion, then their story or 'history is cut off, the previous chapters are lost, and the values and meanings that have to be passed on are not received by the next generation of 'witnesses' and interpreters and carriers of history. The lived story or history can't go on, can't move forward.

8. Like the story of Jesus too. If he had no disciples nor followers, then no one would have heared him, understood him, believed in his truth, and wrote or passed on his 'good news' . Thanks to the witnessing of the communities that continually pass on the story of Jesus through the retelling of his story in words and action, and specially in lived witness. Yet, even Jesus said 'blessed are those who believe even though they have not seen him'. Those who came to believe but have not seen him came to believe in the truth of Jesus through the living witness of his followers, disciples and believers through out history.

9. They came to believe in the light of faith. They came to believe through their own experience, understanding, judgment of the veracity of Jesus' story. They have been experiencing and living in faith and knowledge of his undying love and care for them concretized in the faithful witnessing communities and individual Christians. If there were no living witnesses nor scriptures nor traditions of Christian communities from the early history of early Christianity, the martyrs and church fathers, the mytics and monks, the religous and the laity through medieval times up to modern times, who believed Jesus' story, then it would would have been lost or ended in oblivion long time ago.

10. But the story does end or it could end if only one generation refuses to receive and pass it on, or preserve its records and traditions to be given and reinterpreted for the next generations.

11. Same story for the Ilonggo Nation Movement. It has a story, moments in the past and still on-going now in the reinterpreting and knowing of what actually happened. But it could end soon, if this generation fails to pass on or retell or reinterpret the story. It fails if one generation fails to faithfully live out the values and meanings that have been received from parents and communities.

12. In hope, may the young generation and the next understand and own the story, their history, their cultural values and received traditions. Hopefully, it will be received through the language or symbols or perspectives appropriate for Toto and Inday, easy to be deeply understood by the 'pakaisa' ug 'pakaduha', to be true to the Ilonggo people, true to their own perspective as a nation. You just wonder what people's vision, world view, meaning, joy, texture, sensitivities and sentiments and jokes and all the rest are gone or off, when the nation's language is diminished or gone extinct. Or not spoken anymore.

Ti, sayang gid. Namit tani ang tono kag pamatyag.

"kon di ka mapati sa akon ginasiling, ti, ikaw ang 'magsiling' ako ang mapati",
Agurang Akoy (INM- Shanghai, China)

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