Ang Republika Federal sg Kabisay-an (The Federal Republic of the Visayas)

Historical Facts obviously omitted or deliberately hidden in our School History Books
(Source: History Reborn"The Federal Republic of the Visayas" -by: dinggol a.divinagracia*June 12, 2007)

*That Spain had already formally surrendered to the Federal Republic of the Visayas even before Gen. Emilio Aguinaldo was proclaimed Philippine President in Malolos, Bulacan on January 23, 1899. That our Independent Visayan Republic, had never been under the authority and jurisdiction of Aguinaldo's "Katagalogan" Republic in Luzon.

excerpted: "...A paper written by Jose Manuel Velmonte, a research associate at the UP Third World Studies Center, found that the Visayan revolutionary elites not only had sophisticated political ideas but also resented attempts by Malolos to assert its authority. A Tagalog military expedition sent by Malolos to Panay to assert its presence was met with hostility. The Luzon force led by Generals Ananias Diocno and Leandro Fullon was regarded by the Visayan revolutionaries, led by the Visayan supremo, Gen. Martin Delgado, as an ''invasion'' force ..." (Source: Inquirer-1999- 06-13 "View of revolt in provinces spurs revision" By: Amando Doronila)

According to Dr. Luis C.Dery, an eminent Filipino Scholar: "Expounding the extent of Aguinaldo's Philippine Army; the Bangsamoro nation's Mindanao, Sulu, and the rest of its islands never fell under Aguinaldo's politico-military control and sovereignty. In fact as late as August 1898 much of northern Luzon, southern Luzon, the Visayas, and Mindanao remained outside of the control of Aguinaldo's Republic. Thus, several military expeditions were sent to these places to bring' them to recognize the First Philippine Republic."

*That the 1898 Treaty of Paris preliminaries, should not have included territories of the sovereign "Visayan Nation"; the confederation of both the Central and Western Visayas Cantonal Governments by virtue of Spain's formal surrender prior to this U.S. and Spain treaty of peace (Paris) and the $20-million buy-out. Spain had no more legal rights to sell. In legal parlance "nemodat quod non habet” -meaning “you cannot give what is not yours”.

This diplomatic "Faux pas" that was supposed to be officially consummated and became legal and internationally binding only on APRIL 11, 1899 should, or rather must be rectified.
*June 12, 1898 -Gen. Emilio Aguinaldo proclaimed Philippine Independence from Spain in Kawit, Cavite --but never won the war against Spain, as explained in the infamous betrayal --the "Mock Battle of Manila of August 13, 1898".

*Nov. 6 & Dec. 23, 1898 -Spain formally surrendered to both; the Negros Republic that merged (Dec. 2, 1898) with the Federal Republic of the Visayas based in Iloilo (respectively)

excerpted: "...These two nations, from a purely legal point of view, are COMPLETELY LEGITIMATE UNTIL TODAY. This could imply that the Manila-based Tagalista-oriented Unitarian central government of the Philippines in the Visayas and Mindanao is an Occupational Government, that ultimately originated from an invalid Treaty of Paris...."

Dr. Jose P. Dacudao; National President -Save Our Languages thru Federalism Foundation (SOLFED), Inc.

*July 4, 1946 -The United States of America granted Philippine Independence on a silver platter with strings attached.

"True Independence could never be just self-proclaimed nor bestowed upon, it has to be won and duly achieved with dignity" -- dinggol araneta divinagracia (Founder: Ilonggo Nation Movement (INM) Global Network ..Dec. 25, 2005)

*A lover of nature and reform activities by profession; a genealogist and environmentalist by avocation. A Cooperative Movement advocate, history buff and an amateur "newbie" writer)

"It is rather speculative as it is without basis of history if we mean of "history" is that which had been written for us by the "tutas" or lackeys of our colonial and imperial masters.." -- Benjie Evicner Estuche (INM Co-Founder)

The Cooperative Movement-"It is not the best way, it is the onlyway"..
Join the Last Laugh with us!

*When Christopher Columbus said that the world is round, people asked -What? and then they laughed.

*When the Wright brothers said they'll fly and soar the skies, people asked -How? and then they laughed.

*When Jules Verne wrote someday man could travel below the seven seas and shall walk on the moon, people asked - When? and then they laughed.

*When John the Baptist prophesied the coming of the Messiah, people asked -Who? and then they laughed.

*When the Ilonggo Nation Movement (INM) Global Network announced its mission and vision, people did not even bother to ask, What? How? When? or Who? --They just laughed and laughed. *People are still laughing, ...but the laughter is fading!

ang inyo alagad... sa guihapon ...dinggol a. divinagracia~~~

email address:

To join! As a start, visit FACEBOOK: Ilonggo Nation Movement website .. (Non-ilonggos who share our advocacy are welcome)

"ACTA DE CAPITULACION~1898" (The Formal Surrender Document)

"ACTA DE CAPITULACION~1898" (The Formal Surrender Document)
*Nov. 6 & Dec. 23, 1898 -Spain formally surrendered to both; the Negros Republic that merged (Dec. 2, 1898) with the Federal Republic of the Visayas based in Iloilo (respectively)
Ergo! we won our battle-scarred freedom and legitimate independence and became a sovereign nation. The "First" Republic in the whole of Asia, but was nipped-in-the bud by the ugly Americans. A diplomatic faux pas, a political blunder and a travesty of history! --dinggol.d~~~


Claim Your Birth Right!

*Estado Federal de Bisayas*

*Ilonggo Nation Movement (INM) Global Network, precursor of the Ilonggo Nation Global Federation*

“To appreciate where you are now, you should know where you came from.”

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Tuesday, April 10, 2018

"I Shall Return" --Gen. Douglas MacArthur

"I Shall Return" --Gen. Douglas MacArthur
(By: DinggolAranetaDivinagracia - March 28, 2018)
"A tribute to the great Liberator of the Pacific Islands during World War II, in commemoration of his 54th Death Anniversary on April 5, 2018" --dinggol.d~~~

Douglas MacArthur was an American five-star general and Field Marshal of the Philippine Army who played a prominent role in the Pacific theater during World War II. He was born on January 26, 1880 in Little Rock, AR and died on April 5, 1964 in Walter Reed National Military Medical Center in Bethesda, MD at age 84.

During World War-II, when the United States of America Forces in the Far East (USAFFE) were suffering heavy losses against the aggressive hordes from the land of the rising sun, Gen. Douglas MacArthur (West Point Class 1903), Allied Forces Supreme Commander in the Pacific left hastily on a submarine bound for Australia with brief stop-over within Iloilo waters. He circulated a message of hope to his demoralized troops left behind with the now immortalized phrase --"I Shall Return".

He was endeared to his soldiers and to many Filipinos as the 'Great Liberator" when he fulfilled his promise and dramatically waded ashore at Palo, Leyte with fresh troops on 20th October, 1944 to triumphantly continue the Japanese-American war in the Philippines. Likewise, when he later made a sentimental journey back to the Philippines in 1961 after his retirement.

However, skeptics believe otherwise; that Filipino guerillas had already over-turned the tide of war against the Japanese in the Philippines. More notably, by the "Hukbalahaps" or Hukbong ng Bayan laban sa Hapon in Central Luzon and by the Ilonggo guerillas in Panay and Negros islands. And that Gen. MacArthur just delivered the "Coup de Grace".

Uncle Sam's "Operation Betsy" finally ended the war in the Pacific with their newly discovered nuclear weapon, the horrendous atomic bomb dropped in early August, 1945 over the Cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki in the heart of Japan where hundreds of thousands were either injured or went to kingdom come. This ultimate decision, however, effectively ended the war and saved the lives and sufferings of millions of soldiers on both sides, but most of all unarmed civilians.

Be that as it may, I still recall stories as a young boy -- about this great American "5-Star" General of the Army. When asked by media of his opinion about Gen. Dwight "Ike" Eisenhower of the battle of Normandy fame, running as President of the United States; he replied succinctly, "He was my best Clerk, Ike would make a good President".

But I shall never forget his statement way back when, admiring the courage and bravery of Filipino fighters of the American war, he said; "Give me ten thousand Filipino fighters, and I shall conquer the world".

MacArthur is credited with the military dictum, "In war, there is no substitute for victory" but he also warned, "The soldier, above all other people, prays for peace, for he must suffer and bear the deepest wounds and scars of war."

A big salute! to Gen. Douglas H. MacArthur, the old soldier who never died, he just faded away....
The only resistance movement in the Philippines during World War II that never fell to the hands of the Japanese Imperial Army was the Free Government of Panay and Romblon under Gov. Tomas Confesor of Cabatuan, Iloilo.

Tomas Confesor was the only person to have occupied four (4) gubernatorial seats at the same time. He was governor of Iloilo, Capiz (which still includes Aklan), Antique and Romblon during World War II. --dinggol.d~~~

Oct.20, 1944: Gen. MacArthur returning to the Philippines.

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