Ang Republika Federal sg Kabisay-an (The Federal Republic of the Visayas)

Historical Facts obviously omitted or deliberately hidden in our School History Books
(Source: History Reborn"The Federal Republic of the Visayas" -by: dinggol a.divinagracia*June 12, 2007)

*That Spain had already formally surrendered to the Federal Republic of the Visayas even before Gen. Emilio Aguinaldo was proclaimed Philippine President in Malolos, Bulacan on January 23, 1899. That our Independent Visayan Republic, had never been under the authority and jurisdiction of Aguinaldo's "Katagalogan" Republic in Luzon.

excerpted: "...A paper written by Jose Manuel Velmonte, a research associate at the UP Third World Studies Center, found that the Visayan revolutionary elites not only had sophisticated political ideas but also resented attempts by Malolos to assert its authority. A Tagalog military expedition sent by Malolos to Panay to assert its presence was met with hostility. The Luzon force led by Generals Ananias Diocno and Leandro Fullon was regarded by the Visayan revolutionaries, led by the Visayan supremo, Gen. Martin Delgado, as an ''invasion'' force ..." (Source: Inquirer-1999- 06-13 "View of revolt in provinces spurs revision" By: Amando Doronila)

According to Dr. Luis C.Dery, an eminent Filipino Scholar: "Expounding the extent of Aguinaldo's Philippine Army; the Bangsamoro nation's Mindanao, Sulu, and the rest of its islands never fell under Aguinaldo's politico-military control and sovereignty. In fact as late as August 1898 much of northern Luzon, southern Luzon, the Visayas, and Mindanao remained outside of the control of Aguinaldo's Republic. Thus, several military expeditions were sent to these places to bring' them to recognize the First Philippine Republic."

*That the 1898 Treaty of Paris preliminaries, should not have included territories of the sovereign "Visayan Nation"; the confederation of both the Central and Western Visayas Cantonal Governments by virtue of Spain's formal surrender prior to this U.S. and Spain treaty of peace (Paris) and the $20-million buy-out. Spain had no more legal rights to sell. In legal parlance "nemodat quod non habet” -meaning “you cannot give what is not yours”.

This diplomatic "Faux pas" that was supposed to be officially consummated and became legal and internationally binding only on APRIL 11, 1899 should, or rather must be rectified.
*June 12, 1898 -Gen. Emilio Aguinaldo proclaimed Philippine Independence from Spain in Kawit, Cavite --but never won the war against Spain, as explained in the infamous betrayal --the "Mock Battle of Manila of August 13, 1898".

*Nov. 6 & Dec. 23, 1898 -Spain formally surrendered to both; the Negros Republic that merged (Dec. 2, 1898) with the Federal Republic of the Visayas based in Iloilo (respectively)

excerpted: "...These two nations, from a purely legal point of view, are COMPLETELY LEGITIMATE UNTIL TODAY. This could imply that the Manila-based Tagalista-oriented Unitarian central government of the Philippines in the Visayas and Mindanao is an Occupational Government, that ultimately originated from an invalid Treaty of Paris...."

Dr. Jose P. Dacudao; National President -Save Our Languages thru Federalism Foundation (SOLFED), Inc.

*July 4, 1946 -The United States of America granted Philippine Independence on a silver platter with strings attached.

"True Independence could never be just self-proclaimed nor bestowed upon, it has to be won and duly achieved with dignity" -- dinggol araneta divinagracia (Founder: Ilonggo Nation Movement (INM) Global Network ..Dec. 25, 2005)

*A lover of nature and reform activities by profession; a genealogist and environmentalist by avocation. A Cooperative Movement advocate, history buff and an amateur "newbie" writer)

"It is rather speculative as it is without basis of history if we mean of "history" is that which had been written for us by the "tutas" or lackeys of our colonial and imperial masters.." -- Benjie Evicner Estuche (INM Co-Founder)

The Cooperative Movement-"It is not the best way, it is the onlyway"..
Join the Last Laugh with us!

*When Christopher Columbus said that the world is round, people asked -What? and then they laughed.

*When the Wright brothers said they'll fly and soar the skies, people asked -How? and then they laughed.

*When Jules Verne wrote someday man could travel below the seven seas and shall walk on the moon, people asked - When? and then they laughed.

*When John the Baptist prophesied the coming of the Messiah, people asked -Who? and then they laughed.

*When the Ilonggo Nation Movement (INM) Global Network announced its mission and vision, people did not even bother to ask, What? How? When? or Who? --They just laughed and laughed. *People are still laughing, ...but the laughter is fading!

ang inyo alagad... sa guihapon ...dinggol a. divinagracia~~~

email address:

To join! As a start, visit FACEBOOK: Ilonggo Nation Movement website .. (Non-ilonggos who share our advocacy are welcome)

"ACTA DE CAPITULACION~1898" (The Formal Surrender Document)

"ACTA DE CAPITULACION~1898" (The Formal Surrender Document)
*Nov. 6 & Dec. 23, 1898 -Spain formally surrendered to both; the Negros Republic that merged (Dec. 2, 1898) with the Federal Republic of the Visayas based in Iloilo (respectively)
Ergo! we won our battle-scarred freedom and legitimate independence and became a sovereign nation. The "First" Republic in the whole of Asia, but was nipped-in-the bud by the ugly Americans. A diplomatic faux pas, a political blunder and a travesty of history! --dinggol.d~~~


Claim Your Birth Right!

*Estado Federal de Bisayas*

*Ilonggo Nation Movement (INM) Global Network, precursor of the Ilonggo Nation Global Federation*

“To appreciate where you are now, you should know where you came from.”

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Sunday, June 11, 2006


WELCOME! Hon. Jerry P. Trenas: Mayor-Iloilo City and National President-League of Cities of the Philippines (LCP).

The Association of Ilonggos of Metropolitan Washington DC (AIM) Inc., the only ilonggo group duly registered under U.S. laws in the US capital hosted a welcome party in honor of Iloilo City Mayor Jerry P. Trenas and his wife, the former Rosalie Divinagracia Sarabia.

AIM's welcome committee at the airport to meet Jerry, Rosalie and daughter Reiza were Tony and Maridel Araneta, Orlando Evidente and Jose Alfonso "Jojo" Hallares. Jojo the contact person, also acted as full-time guide to Iloilo City's First Family while in Metro Washington D.C.

Mayor Trenas was on official trip to the U.S. as national president-League of Cities of the Philippines (LCP) to attend a conference on sustainable developments of the International City Mayors at the United Nations headquarters in New York City.

During the May 7, 2006 reception led by AIM President Zeny A.Tabligan at the home of Jim and Tess Guevara-Taylor in Arlington, Va; the Mayor assured the Ilonggo expatriates, of bright prospects awaiting Mandurriao Airport area once air transportation is relocated to the new site in Cabatuan, Iloilo.

He likewise, explained the logic behind City Halls purchase of private lands as squatters decent relocation sites and appeal with NGO's for partnership and support for a better Iloilo City.

In response, the Ilonggos of Metro DC area set aside $30,000 initial funding for the AIM-Gawad Kalinga Village in Iloilo City.

AIM, Inc. with over a thousand ilonggo members within the Washington DC, Virginia and Maryland was greatly honored of the Iloilo City Mayor's historic visit.

Dinggol A. Divinagracia
Executive Vice-President (AIM,Inc.)
Editor: AIM-Budyong Newsletter
1) Mayor & Mrs Jerry P. Trenas with AIM,Inc. Officers:
(L to R): VicPaul Guevara-Pres.Adviser/Ma.Lina Divinagracia-Bus.Mgr./ Zeny Tabligan-AIM-Pres./Mayor & Mrs.Trenas/Dr.Emma Dacquel-AIM Founding President/ Tess Guevara-Taylor: AIM-ANCOP/GK Coordinator.
2) AIM Group photo with the Mayor & Family:
Top L-R:
Row 1:Jojo Hallares, Tom Joseph, John Haley, Maying S. Ledesma
Row 2: Cynthia Ticao, Lando Evidente, Margie Paglinawan, Boy Cosgayon, Neve Nixon.
Row 3: Ross Lutero, Alice M. Buenconsejo, Rose Samillano, Raul Buenconsejo.
Row 4: John Ledesma, Maribel G. Haley,Josephine Sanchez, Ellen Alcaraz, Hearty Lutero.
Row 5: Benny Sian, Marilyn L. Cosgayon, Sally Pelipaga, Tita Pelaez, Henry GarciaRow 6: Emma T.Dacquel, Lina A.Divinagracia, VicPaul Guevara, Jim & Tess Taylor, Fe & Robert Anderson.
Front: Romeo Dacquel, Jr, Zeny Tabligan, Reiza Trenas, Mayor Jerry & Rosalie S. Trenas.
Present but not in the picture: Tony, Maridel and Cristina Araneta, Luisa Velasco-Reyes, Tia Pacing Canatoy and Joy Losares and many others.

1 comment:

jorge cosgayon said...

i love the site, came across it while searching for other people with my last name - boy cosgayon is my tito.. pity you seem to have stopped posting, i'm going over your archives now just absorbing all the tidbits of info.