Ang Republika Federal sg Kabisay-an (The Federal Republic of the Visayas)

Historical Facts obviously omitted or deliberately hidden in our School History Books
(Source: History Reborn"The Federal Republic of the Visayas" -by: dinggol a.divinagracia*June 12, 2007)

*That Spain had already formally surrendered to the Federal Republic of the Visayas even before Gen. Emilio Aguinaldo was proclaimed Philippine President in Malolos, Bulacan on January 23, 1899. That our Independent Visayan Republic, had never been under the authority and jurisdiction of Aguinaldo's "Katagalogan" Republic in Luzon.

excerpted: "...A paper written by Jose Manuel Velmonte, a research associate at the UP Third World Studies Center, found that the Visayan revolutionary elites not only had sophisticated political ideas but also resented attempts by Malolos to assert its authority. A Tagalog military expedition sent by Malolos to Panay to assert its presence was met with hostility. The Luzon force led by Generals Ananias Diocno and Leandro Fullon was regarded by the Visayan revolutionaries, led by the Visayan supremo, Gen. Martin Delgado, as an ''invasion'' force ..." (Source: Inquirer-1999- 06-13 "View of revolt in provinces spurs revision" By: Amando Doronila)

According to Dr. Luis C.Dery, an eminent Filipino Scholar: "Expounding the extent of Aguinaldo's Philippine Army; the Bangsamoro nation's Mindanao, Sulu, and the rest of its islands never fell under Aguinaldo's politico-military control and sovereignty. In fact as late as August 1898 much of northern Luzon, southern Luzon, the Visayas, and Mindanao remained outside of the control of Aguinaldo's Republic. Thus, several military expeditions were sent to these places to bring' them to recognize the First Philippine Republic."

*That the 1898 Treaty of Paris preliminaries, should not have included territories of the sovereign "Visayan Nation"; the confederation of both the Central and Western Visayas Cantonal Governments by virtue of Spain's formal surrender prior to this U.S. and Spain treaty of peace (Paris) and the $20-million buy-out. Spain had no more legal rights to sell. In legal parlance "nemodat quod non habet” -meaning “you cannot give what is not yours”.

This diplomatic "Faux pas" that was supposed to be officially consummated and became legal and internationally binding only on APRIL 11, 1899 should, or rather must be rectified.
*June 12, 1898 -Gen. Emilio Aguinaldo proclaimed Philippine Independence from Spain in Kawit, Cavite --but never won the war against Spain, as explained in the infamous betrayal --the "Mock Battle of Manila of August 13, 1898".

*Nov. 6 & Dec. 23, 1898 -Spain formally surrendered to both; the Negros Republic that merged (Dec. 2, 1898) with the Federal Republic of the Visayas based in Iloilo (respectively)

excerpted: "...These two nations, from a purely legal point of view, are COMPLETELY LEGITIMATE UNTIL TODAY. This could imply that the Manila-based Tagalista-oriented Unitarian central government of the Philippines in the Visayas and Mindanao is an Occupational Government, that ultimately originated from an invalid Treaty of Paris...."

Dr. Jose P. Dacudao; National President -Save Our Languages thru Federalism Foundation (SOLFED), Inc.

*July 4, 1946 -The United States of America granted Philippine Independence on a silver platter with strings attached.

"True Independence could never be just self-proclaimed nor bestowed upon, it has to be won and duly achieved with dignity" -- dinggol araneta divinagracia (Founder: Ilonggo Nation Movement (INM) Global Network ..Dec. 25, 2005)

*A lover of nature and reform activities by profession; a genealogist and environmentalist by avocation. A Cooperative Movement advocate, history buff and an amateur "newbie" writer)

"It is rather speculative as it is without basis of history if we mean of "history" is that which had been written for us by the "tutas" or lackeys of our colonial and imperial masters.." -- Benjie Evicner Estuche (INM Co-Founder)

The Cooperative Movement-"It is not the best way, it is the onlyway"..
Join the Last Laugh with us!

*When Christopher Columbus said that the world is round, people asked -What? and then they laughed.

*When the Wright brothers said they'll fly and soar the skies, people asked -How? and then they laughed.

*When Jules Verne wrote someday man could travel below the seven seas and shall walk on the moon, people asked - When? and then they laughed.

*When John the Baptist prophesied the coming of the Messiah, people asked -Who? and then they laughed.

*When the Ilonggo Nation Movement (INM) Global Network announced its mission and vision, people did not even bother to ask, What? How? When? or Who? --They just laughed and laughed. *People are still laughing, ...but the laughter is fading!

ang inyo alagad... sa guihapon ...dinggol a. divinagracia~~~

email address:

To join! As a start, visit FACEBOOK: Ilonggo Nation Movement website .. (Non-ilonggos who share our advocacy are welcome)

"ACTA DE CAPITULACION~1898" (The Formal Surrender Document)

"ACTA DE CAPITULACION~1898" (The Formal Surrender Document)
*Nov. 6 & Dec. 23, 1898 -Spain formally surrendered to both; the Negros Republic that merged (Dec. 2, 1898) with the Federal Republic of the Visayas based in Iloilo (respectively)
Ergo! we won our battle-scarred freedom and legitimate independence and became a sovereign nation. The "First" Republic in the whole of Asia, but was nipped-in-the bud by the ugly Americans. A diplomatic faux pas, a political blunder and a travesty of history! --dinggol.d~~~


Claim Your Birth Right!

*Estado Federal de Bisayas*

*Ilonggo Nation Movement (INM) Global Network, precursor of the Ilonggo Nation Global Federation*

“To appreciate where you are now, you should know where you came from.”

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Saturday, June 24, 2006

Ilonggo version of the national anthem

To all Ilonggo patriots:

It might interest you to know that the original Philippine national anthem had no lyrics, and was a 'marching' instrumental music. Then, SPANISH lyrics were written for it. During the American period (before WW2), versions of the national anthem in English, Cebuano, Hiligaynon, Ilocano, Kapampangan, Pangasinense, and Tagalog were written. The Tagalog version was only one among many. I have seen at least three versions in Hiligaynon. Our versions were not regarded as in any way inferior to the Tagalog version.

After WW2, the Phiippine government based in Manila promoted only the Tagalog version. Fidel Ramos, during his term as President, issued an executive order making the Tagalog version (which differs from the original Spanish more than the translations you will see below) the only official version.

This is part of the historical process wherein our culture and identity as Visayans and Ilonggos are being slowly killed by policies from 'imperial' Manila. We are the ongoing victims of internal colonialism, we have already become second class citizens, and we will eventually become all Tagalized. Our ancient ethnic identities will die.

Below are several versions in non-Tagalog languages. SOLFED has actually recorded them in CD. They are very 'singable'. You can try them for yourselves. Please contact me through this loop if you are actually interested in the CD recording that we have made.

JoeyDacudao(INM-Banwa_Mo: NorthernMindanaoPh.Cyberzone)

Himno Nacional de Filipinas

(Hiligaynon version prepared by Jose P. Dacudao,
SOLFED National President, Save Our Languages through Federalism, Foundation, Inc.)

Original music by Julian Felipe, 1899.
Based on the Spanish text by Jose Palma, 1899.
Translated: July 16, 2004.
This edition Nov. 4, 2005.

Banwang pinalangga,
Anak sang adlaw sa sidlangan,
Kalayong nagadabdab
Buhi sa imong dughan.

Banwa sang gugma,
Duyan sang baganihan,
Sa manalakay
Indi gid magpalapak.

Sa langit mong bughaw,
Panganod, bukid, kag kadagatan,
Gasaot kag gatunog ang binalaybay
Sang hinigugmang kahilwayan.

Bandera mo, dutang halanduman,
Suga sing kadalag-an.
Indi gid magdulom ang silak sang
Bituon niya kag adlaw.

Kapuluan sang gugma, adlaw, kag kalipay
Katam-is gid magpuyo sa sabak mo.
Among himaya ihalad, kun lupigan ka,
Amon kabuhi, mga anak nimo.


Dr. Jose "Joey" Dacudao, whose roots came from Silay in Negros Occidental is a Neurosurgeon Practicing in Butuan City. He is the National President of Save our Languages thru Federalism Foundation, Inc.(SOLFED).

(INM-Banwa_Mo Moderator)


Anonymous said...

Hi, I just wanted you to know that I appreciate all the information you have published here. I'm an Ilonggo to and I hope you continue writing about the revolution in the Visayas. This really is something all Filipinos should know about. Carry on!

dinggol a. divinagracia said...

Salamat! sorry for the much delayed response. We just updated the blogspot and inviting you to visit the same. --dinggol.d~~~